Listed Building

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site only. All other information in the record is not statutory.

OXENFOORD VIADUCTLB769

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Category
A
Date Added
22/01/1971
Supplementary Information Updated
26/02/2003
Local Authority
Midlothian
Planning Authority
Midlothian
Parish
Cranston
NGR
NT 38822 65580
Coordinates
338822, 665580

Description

Robert Adam and Alexander Stevens, circa 1783. Castellated bridge comprising 3 semi-circular arches. Polished sandstone ashlar block work and coping.

NE ANS SW (PRINCIPAL) ELEVATIONS: higher central arch on piers, smaller arch flanking: rusticated ashlar voussoirs and abutments, impost course; projecting crenellated parapet on dentil course; projecting pilaster abutments flanking; blank curved wing walls: parapet course leading to plain parapet with splayed coping and polygonal terminals.

Statement of Special Interest

Part of an A Group with Oxenfoord Castle and Lodges. Carries the drive to the castle over a steep ravine. Sir John Dalrymple felt a bridge would benfit the park's romantic sensabilties, and had written to the poet William Shenstone in 1760 about this idea. Later, Alexander Stevens, a well-known bridge builder, submitted plans and an estimate of £180 1s 2d in April 1782. The proposed plan was for a bridge with a plain parapet and a higher central span, although this was never realised. A revised plan was submitted in 1783, and is stylistically similar to the work Robert Adam had carried out on the main house. Adam and Stevens had worked together previously on Ayr Bridge.

References

Bibliography

Sir John Dalrymple ESSAY ON LANDSCAPE GARDENING (1760) references to Oxenfoord needing a bridge. Hew Dalrymple ACCOUNT OF OXENFOORD CASTLE (1901). Rev Dickson CRANSTON: A PARISH HISTORY (1907) p144. C McWilliam LOTHIAN (1978) p376. J Thomas MIDLOTHIAN (1995) p106.

About Listed Buildings

Listing is the way that a building or structure of special architectural or historic interest is recognised by law through the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings of special architectural or historic interest using the criteria published in the Historic Environment Scotland Policy Statement.

The statutory listing address is the legal part of the listing. The information in the listed building record gives an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building(s). It is not a definitive historical account or a complete description of the building(s). The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

Listing covers both the exterior and the interior. Listing can cover structures not mentioned which are part of the curtilage of the building, such as boundary walls, gates, gatepiers, ancillary buildings etc. The planning authority is responsible for advising on what is covered by the listing including the curtilage of a listed building. For information about curtilage see www.historicenvironment.scot. Since 1 October 2015 we have been able to exclude items from a listing. If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the Historic Environment Scotland Act 2014. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect current legislation.

If you want to alter, extend or demolish a listed building you need to contact your planning authority to see if you need listed building consent. The planning authority is the main point of contact for all applications for listed building consent.

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Printed: 09/12/2018 22:37