Listed Building

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site only. All other information in the record is not statutory.

AUCHINDRAIN TOWNSHIPLB6798

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Category
A
Date Added
20/07/1971
Local Authority
Argyll And Bute
Planning Authority
Argyll And Bute
Parish
Inveraray
NGR
NN 3099 3161
Coordinates
203099, 703161

Description

20 acres of infield land, on which stand 23 structures (houses, barns, byres, sheds, etc) of the late 18th and 19th centuries. All of stone construction, their condition varies from totally ruinous to good order. Roofs are of thatch, corrugated iron or tarred felt. There are 2 modern buildings - a Colt house and a reception/display centre, both of which are of wooden construction.

Statement of Special Interest

Sited a short distance from the western shore of Loch Fyne and some 6 miles southwest of Inveraray, Auchindrain is a unique settlement of great antiquity. This type of small ferm-toun or clachan, a collection of dwellings and farm buildings, was not uncommon before the sweeping changes introduced by the Highland Clearances and Improvement fever in Lowland Scotland. During the 18th and 19th centuries farming traditions dating back thousands of years were lost or subsumed in an agrarian revolution as significant to rural landscapes as was the industrial revolution to urban development.

A rare survival, Auchindrain is '... of considerable interest as an example of a multiple-tenancy farm that remained in joint occupation until within comparatively recent years' (Dunbar). In fact, the last inhabitant retired from farming in 1963, since when Auchindrain has been carefully restored as a Museum of Farming Life. The original township covered approximately 4,000 acres and would have been typical of Fenton and Walker's description: 'Throughout the country, ..., farms were grouped in clusters, ferm-touns that stood with their arable, meadow and rough grazing patches within a dyke that kept the bulk of the stock out on the hill or moorland grazing during the summer' (p44). The area is greatly reduced but what remains is much as it would have been in the 18th century.

The building types within the township are both interesting and varied, with evidence of significant vernacular variation in piended thatch roofs incorporating both gable-end and side crucks, and open frame clamp-type byre stalls. More typical are the drystone 'long-houses', incorporating both dwelling and byre, and shieling huts.

Upgraded category B to A March 1995. List description revised 2007.

References

Bibliography

J G Dunbar Folk Life, Vol 3 (1965). A Fenton Auchindrain (1979). Inveraray Official Guide. Fenton and Walker The Rural Architecture of Scotland (1981). Alexander Fenton Scottish Country Life (1999), p202.

About Listed Buildings

Listing is the way that a building or structure of special architectural or historic interest is recognised by law through the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings of special architectural or historic interest using the criteria published in the Historic Environment Scotland Policy Statement.

The statutory listing address is the legal part of the listing. The information in the listed building record gives an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building(s). It is not a definitive historical account or a complete description of the building(s). The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

Listing covers both the exterior and the interior. Listing can cover structures not mentioned which are part of the curtilage of the building, such as boundary walls, gates, gatepiers, ancillary buildings etc. The planning authority is responsible for advising on what is covered by the listing including the curtilage of a listed building. For information about curtilage see www.historicenvironment.scot. Since 1 October 2015 we have been able to exclude items from a listing. If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the Historic Environment Scotland Act 2014. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect current legislation.

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Printed: 12/11/2018 18:13