Listed Building

The only legal part of the listing is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing – see ‘About Listed Buildings’ below for more information.

REDHOUSE CASTLE AND GATEWAYLB6563

Status: Removed

Documents

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Summary

Category
A
Date Added
05/02/1971
Date Removed:
14/12/2015
Local Authority
East Lothian
Planning Authority
East Lothian
Parish
Aberlady
NGR
NT 46264 77070
Coordinates
346264, 677070

Removal Reason

Dual designation

Description

Late 16th and early 17th century fortified house with courtyard, now in a ruinous condition. 2 building period; earlier block fronting courtyard to S, range of outbuildings to E, and courtyard walls, dovecot and gateway date from late 16th century. Tower added on to N side in early 17th century in more lavish style, and extended to E with N courtyard wall. (See Inventory p6 Fig 38). Red sandstone random rubble, formerly harled, light couloured ashlar dressings; moulded string courses and roll-mouldings to major openings to later N range, crowstepped gables.

S ELEVATION: late 16th century towerhouse, 4-storey, carried higher st SE angle over wheel stair. 3 irregular bays; entance to right of centre, with 17th century bead and hollow doorpiece with cornice, featuring inscription "NISI DOMINUS FRUSTRA" in raised letters flanked by initials MIL and RD. Pedimented scroll-flanked oblong panel above cornice, containing an heraldic device, flanked by finials. Window to each floor above. 2 bays yo left, windows at ground and 3 floors, some blocked. Windows grooved.

W ELEVATION: later 4-storey block adjoining, advanced at NE corner. Cavetto moulded string course between ground and 1st floor, roll-moulded string courses to upper storeys. Windows at each floor to S, bipartites with stone mullions to E; pedimented dormerhead at 3rd floor. Roll-mouldings to ground and 2 upper floors. Corbelled stair bartizan projecting at NE corner above 1st floor with small windows to each floor and diamond opening to S.

N ELEVATION: 3 string courses, irregular fenestration, crowstepped gables. Recessed bay to left with roll-moulded windows to 1st and 2nd floors, corbelled bartizan to NE corner.

E ELEVATION: line of earlier block apparent to S with small irregular openings. Doorway at ground with rubble relieving arch, doorway above to right at 1st floor. Later block adjoining flush with wall-plane to N with string courses; larger, roll-moulded windows and corner corbelled bartizan (see above). Evidence of shape of irregular gable line of former 2-storey projection adjoined at ground. Now roofless derelict interior. GATEWAY: to courtyard to S roll-moulded, semi-circular arch, corbel course above supporting ashlar coping. Random rubble courtyard walls, adjoining dovecot (listed separately).

BARMKIN WALLS: 2 sets to road, extending to W rubble, enclosed garden.

Statement of Special Interest

Scheduled Ancient Monument. Redhouse, formerly known as Red Spittal (Red Hospital), seems to have been connected with the hospital of St Cuthbert at Ballencrieff. The lands passed to the Douglas Family in 1655, and the S range of the castle was probably built prior to 1607 when the lands passed to Master John Laing, keeper of the Sigent, and Rebecca Dennistoun his wife. They added the more elaborate N range, and their initials and heraldry appear on the doorpiece and dormerhead. Redhouse passed by marriage into the Hamilton family, but was lost in 1755 as a consequence of the '45 Rebellion. Passing to Lord Elibank of Ballencrief, the castle has since been uninhabited. It became part of the Wemyss and March Estates in 1825. The dovecot incorporated in the courtyard wall, and cottages to E on the site of old vaults are listed separately. Garden to W currently is use as market garden.

References

Bibliography

D MacGibbon and T Ross CASTELLATED AND DOMESTIC ARCHITECTURE OF SCOTLAND Vol IV (1887-92) p164. RCAHMS INVENTORY OF EAST LOTHIAN No 7 p5. J Findlayson "Redhouse and its Owners" TRANSACTIONS OF ELAFNS, Vol III. NSA (1837) Vol III, p253. C Green EAST LOTHIAN (1907) p105. J Martine REMINISCENCES AND NOTICES OF FOURTEEN PARISHES OF THE COUNTY OF HADDINGTON (1890) p11. C McWilliam LOTHIAN (1978) p404. Adair, Map of EAST LOTHIAN 1688.

About Listed Buildings

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating sites and places at the national level. These designations are Scheduled monuments, Listed buildings, Inventory of gardens and designed landscapes and Inventory of historic battlefields.

We make recommendations to the Scottish Government about historic marine protected areas, and the Scottish Ministers decide whether to designate.

Listing is the process that identifies, designates and provides statutory protection for buildings of special architectural or historic interest as set out in the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings which are found to be of special architectural or historic interest using the selection guidance published in Designation Policy and Selection Guidance (2019)

Listed building records provide an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building which has been identified by its statutory address. The description and additional information provided are supplementary and have no legal weight.

These records are not definitive historical accounts or a complete description of the building(s). If part of a building is not described it does not mean it is not listed. The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site which is known as the statutory address. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing. Even if a number or name is missing from a listing address it will still be listed. Listing covers both the exterior and the interior and any object or structure fixed to the building. Listing also applies to buildings or structures not physically attached but which are part of the curtilage (or land) of the listed building as long as they were erected before 1 July 1948.

While Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating listed buildings, the planning authority is responsible for determining what is covered by the listing, including what is listed through curtilage. However, for listed buildings designated or for listings amended from 1 October 2015, legal exclusions to the listing may apply.

If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the 1997 Act. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect subsequent legislation.

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