Listed Building

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site only. All other information in the record is not statutory.

ABERLADY MAIN STREET PARISH CHURCH CHURCH OF SCOTLAND WITH GRAVEYARDLB6508

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Category
A
Date Added
05/02/1971
Local Authority
East Lothian
Planning Authority
East Lothian
Parish
Aberlady
NGR
NT 46179 79850
Coordinates
346179, 679850

Description

An imposing church on cruciform plan comprised of 15th century tower adjoining nave rebuilt in 1773, recast by William Young 1886. 2 burial aisles projecting to N incorporating 16th and 17th century masonry, mirrored by later transepts, these and additions to S and E by Young. Squared and snecked sandstone rubble with ashlar dressings.

TOWER: 15th century random rubble 3-stage tower projecting from gabled W end; ashlar string course above ground stage and corbelled ashlar coped parapet. Porches set in re-entrant angles and projecting to N and S (see below). Narrow window with iron bars to W. Arrow slit openings to 1st and 2nd stages; 2nd stage adapted as dovecot with flight holes to S arrow-slit. Louvred round arched columnar-mullioned bipartite at 3rd stage to each elevation. Slated pyramidal roof with weathervane. PORCHES: 1773; stone gabled porches with base courses and deeply chamfered pointed arch doorways, ribbed arches; quatrefoil windows on return. NAVE: adjoining to E, sensitively remodelled by Young in 1886. 2 gabled burial aisles projecting at centre dating from 16th and 17th centuries; eaves set lower than those of nave; crowstepped skews to right ausles; thistle and cross finials. 2-light windows of round arched lancets and vesica to earlier left aisle, repeated with pointed arches and transomed to right. Lancet windwos to outer returns. Single lancet flanking left aisle, 2 lancets flanking right.

E ELEVATION: remodelled in 1886 and incorporating large window in pointed arch, hood-moulded panel with simple plate tracery, probably 18th century; 3 lancets and 2 vesicas; gablet capped buttresses flanking. Session house projecting below, 1886; ashlar coped rubble base course, 2 ashlar pilasters enclosing recessed panel with 3 trefoil-headed windows, corbelled blocking course with cornice. Blank return to N, doorway to S. Lancet window flanking to right at ground. Coped skews culminating in cross finial between buttresses, skews crowstepped to outer sides. S ELEVATION: M-gabled aisles projecting at centre added by Young in 1886 mirroring N burial aisles in form and detail and with similar flanking lancets. Grey slates. Decorative gutter fixtures, gutterheads dated 1886; square downpipes retained. INTERIOR: remodelled by Young in 1886. Open timber roof, pointed arch arcade with crocketted capitals opening into aisles and transepts; diminutive, blind arcade around chancel enclosing fine stained glass windows. Stained glass windows follow a progressive scheme begun in 1880's, designed by Edward Frampton of London and James Ballantine of Edinburgh. On W wall monument, (possibly by Canova) to Maria Margaretta de Younge Lady Elibank, died 1762; fine relief sculpture in marble, angel with funerary urn within pedimented panel, memorial plaque below. Moved from chancel in 1960. In SE aisle, marble deathbed effigy by John Rhind, ornately carved base with contrasting marble column, to Louisa Billingham Countess of Wemyss, died 1882. Communion table by Scott Morton and Co, 1961. Font and pulpit of Caen stone. Replica cast of 8th century cross shaft fragment found in wall of earlier manse garden; original now in National Museum of Antiquities of Scotland. Organ with Gothic case in S transept. GRAVEYARD with a number of good 18th century headstones and tabletops. 18th century mounting block outside churchyard to W of gates, listed separately.

Statement of Special Interest

Ecclesiastical building in use as such. Aberlady is the site of early ecclesiastical settlement, predating the present church. Remains of a Carmelite Friary are sited to the W of Luffness House (listed separately). A Culdee settlement was sited to the N at Kilspindie possibly as early as the 7th century. A fortalice was built there in 1585 (Martine). The Aberlady cross slab fragment has carving of a quality paralelled in the Ruthwell and Bewcastle Crosses. The remodelling of the church in 1886 by William Young of London was commissioned by the Tenth Earl of Wemyss and March. Young had been employed by Lord Wemyss on the completion of Godford House to the SW (listed separately).

References

Bibliography

ABERLADY PARISH CHURCH GUIDEBOOK C McWilliam LOTHIAN (1978) p73. STATISTICAL ACCOUNT (1799) p548. NEW STATISTICAL ACCOUNT (1837) p258. J Martine REMINISCENCES OF EAST LOTHIAN (1890) pp1-20. Green EAST LOTHIAN (1907) pp98-106. RCAHMS INVENTORY OF MONUMENTS IN EAST LOTHIAN No 2. F H Groome ORDNANCE GAZETTEER OF SCOTLAND (1892). FASTI ECCLESIAE SCOTICANAE Vol X (1981) p.53.

About Listed Buildings

Listing is the way that a building or structure of special architectural or historic interest is recognised by law through the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings of special architectural or historic interest using the criteria published in the Historic Environment Scotland Policy Statement.

The statutory listing address is the legal part of the listing. The information in the listed building record gives an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building(s). It is not a definitive historical account or a complete description of the building(s). The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

Listing covers both the exterior and the interior. Listing can cover structures not mentioned which are part of the curtilage of the building, such as boundary walls, gates, gatepiers, ancillary buildings etc. The planning authority is responsible for advising on what is covered by the listing including the curtilage of a listed building. For information about curtilage see www.historicenvironment.scot. Since 1 October 2015 we have been able to exclude items from a listing. If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the Historic Environment Scotland Act 2014. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect current legislation.

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