Listed Building

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site only. All other information in the record is not statutory.

GALAFOOT, RAILWAY VIADUCT OVER TWEEDLB50690

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Category
B
Date Added
30/03/2006
Local Authority
Scottish Borders
Planning Authority
Scottish Borders
Burgh
Galashiels
NGR
NT 51569 35257
Coordinates
351569, 635257

Description

Circa 1849 for the North British Railway. 5-arch railway viaduct crossing the River Tweed in an E-W direction. Squared sandstone rubble with ashlar voussoirs to segmental arches. Rusticated sandstone piers. Sandstone parapet with sandstone ashlar copes. Boat-shaped cutwaters on upstream and downstream sides.

Statement of Special Interest

This viaduct, known as Tweed Viaduct or Redbridge Viaduct, is a well-preserved and notable example of a railway viaduct of the mid-19th century, related to the Waverley line, which ran from Edinburgh to Carlisle - the most celebrated railway route of Southern Scotland. The viaduct, as well as making a significant visual contribution to this part of Galashiels, is an important survival, both as an example of the engineering related to the construction of the railway, and as a reminder of the prominence of the railway in the 19th century development of the town.

The arrival of the railway in Galashiels is closely linked with a massive increase in textile manufacture and trade in the later 19th century. The railway allowed easy access to both the English market and Lothian coal, which was increasingly used to power Galashiels mills from this date.

The Edinburgh and Hawick Railway was opened in 1849 by the North British Railway and formed the first part of the line from Edinburgh to Carlisle. The railway through Galashiels was initially known as the Border union, but in 1862 the railway was officially named the Waverley line, to emphasise the connection with Walter Scott, as nearby Abbotsford increased in popularity as a literary shrine. In 1856 a branch line opened to Selkirk and in 1866 a line opened to Galashiels from Peebles and Innerleithen. The route eventually closed in 1969.

References

Bibliography

1st edition Ordnance Survey map (c1856), 2nd edition Ordnance Survey map (c1896). Bill Peacock, Waverley Route Reflections, (1983). Charles Strang, Borders and Berwick, (1991), p201. Galashiels, A Modern History, (1983), p125. Margaret C Lawson, Guid Auld Galashiels, (nd). K Cruft et al., Buildings of Scotland, Borders, (2006), p293. John Thomas, A Regional History of the Railways of Great Britain, Vol 6, (Rev ed 1984). The Old Gala Club, Scotland In Old Photographs - Galashiels, (1996), p47. www.railscot.co.uk.

About Listed Buildings

Listing is the way that a building or structure of special architectural or historic interest is recognised by law through the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings of special architectural or historic interest using the criteria published in the Historic Environment Scotland Policy Statement.

The statutory listing address is the legal part of the listing. The information in the listed building record gives an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building(s). It is not a definitive historical account or a complete description of the building(s). The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

Listing covers both the exterior and the interior. Listing can cover structures not mentioned which are part of the curtilage of the building, such as boundary walls, gates, gatepiers, ancillary buildings etc. The planning authority is responsible for advising on what is covered by the listing including the curtilage of a listed building. For information about curtilage see www.historicenvironment.scot. Since 1 October 2015 we have been able to exclude items from a listing. If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the Historic Environment Scotland Act 2014. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect current legislation.

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Printed: 16/12/2018 01:13