Listed Building

The only legal part of the listing under the Planning (Listing Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997 is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing – see 'About Listed Buildings' below for more information. The further details below the 'Address/Name of Site' are provided for information purposes only.

Address/Name of Site


Status: Designated


There are no additional online documents for this record.


Group Category Details
100000019 - See Notes
Date Added
Supplementary Information Updated
Local Authority
Planning Authority
NS 98293 80506
298293, 680506


Late 16th/ 17th century large (approximately 100m x 100m) square plan walled garden. High rubble walls with steeply pitched stone coping. Entrance in east side with two further openings in south side. That to left with later slightly advanced rubble piers, and that to right is pedestrian chamfered entrance with long and short dressings, now blocked.

The walls in the northwest corner have some worked stonework, including larger, roughly squared blocks (some with chamfered edges) indicating former lintels or jambs for openings. There is a short section of wall projecting north from the corner to a square-plan pier.

Statement of Special Interest

Part of an A-group with Kinneil House, 2 and 4,5, 6-8 Duchess Anne Cottages, Kinneil House bridge.

Kinneil Walled Garden is an important survival for its relatively early date and for its completeness. Its functional relationship and historical association with Kinneil House are also of special interest. As an important and once-vital part of the Kinneil Estate, the walled garden would have supplied vegetables, fruit and flowers. Part of the garden to the northeast now forms the gardens for Nos 6-8 Duchess Anne Cottages (see separate listings).

The worked stone in the northwest corner has likely come from an earlier (pre-16th century) structure, but its provenance is presently unknown. An archaeological report written after excavation work in 2018 states that the northwest corner of the walled garden, including a short section of wall projecting north from the corner to a square-plan pier, predates the late 16th / 17th century walled garden. The report suggests that this may be the remains of the 15th century stronghold of the Hamilton family known as 'Craig Lyon'.

Kenneil Walled Garden is located within the Antonine Wall World Heritage Site Buffer Zone.

Walled gardens are important yet common surviving ancillaries of high-status country houses or smaller houses within substantial landholdings. Surviving examples range in date from the 16th to the 20th centuries, with the majority dating to the 18th and 19th centuries. The walled kitchen garden was particularly important in Scotland where a harsh climate and unfavourable growing conditions prevailed.

Listed building record revised in 2020.



Canmore: CANMORE ID 120696


Ordnance Survey (surveyed 1854, published 1856) Linlithgow Sheet I.10 (Borrowstouness). 25 inches to one mile. 1st Edition. Southampton: Ordnance Survey.

Ordnance Survey (surveyed 1895, published 1897) Linlithgowshire 001.10 (includes: Bo'Ness and Carriden). 25 inches to one mile. 2nd Edition. Southampton: Ordnance Survey.

Online Sources

Bailey, G.B. Kinneil Park at (accessed 23/04/2020)

Other Sources

Bailey, G.B (2018) Excavations at Kinneil Estate.

About Listed Buildings

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating sites and places at the national level. These designations are Scheduled monuments, Listed buildings, Inventory of gardens and designed landscapes and Inventory of historic battlefields.

We make recommendations to the Scottish Government about historic marine protected areas, and the Scottish Ministers decide whether to designate.

Listing is the process that identifies, designates and provides statutory protection for buildings of special architectural or historic interest as set out in the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings which are found to be of special architectural or historic interest using the selection guidance published in Designation Policy and Selection Guidance (2019)

Listed building records provide an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building which has been identified by its statutory address. The description and additional information provided are supplementary and have no legal weight.

These records are not definitive historical accounts or a complete description of the building(s). If part of a building is not described it does not mean it is not listed. The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site which is known as the statutory address. Other than the name or address of a listed building, further details are provided for information purposes only. Historic Environment Scotland does not accept any liability for any loss or damage suffered as a consequence of inaccuracies in the information provided. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing. Even if a number or name is missing from a listing address it will still be listed. Listing covers both the exterior and the interior and any object or structure fixed to the building. Listing also applies to buildings or structures not physically attached but which are part of the curtilage (or land) of the listed building as long as they were erected before 1 July 1948.

While Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating listed buildings, the planning authority is responsible for determining what is covered by the listing, including what is listed through curtilage. However, for listed buildings designated or for listings amended from 1 October 2015, legal exclusions to the listing may apply.

If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the 1997 Act. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect subsequent legislation.

Listed building consent is required for changes to a listed building which affect its character as a building of special architectural or historic interest. The relevant planning authority is the point of contact for applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at You can contact us on 0131 668 8914 or at


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Printed: 26/05/2022 15:03