Listed Building

The only legal part of the listing is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing – see ‘About Listed Buildings’ below for more information.

PIEROWALL, TRENABIE MILL INCLUDING LADELB48002

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Category
B
Group Category Details
100000020 - see notes
Date Added
08/12/1971
Local Authority
Orkney Islands
Planning Authority
Orkney Islands
Parish
Westray
NGR
HY 43836 47940
Coordinates
343836, 1047940

Description

1897; converted to house, 2000, P J Finnigan Architects. 3-storey, rectangular-plan house, former mill. Coursed flagstone. Alternate canted corner stones to wheelhouse quoins.

NE (PRINCIPAL) ELEVATION: kiln section to right: plain elevation apart from central 2nd floor window. Mill section to left: 2 windows to left; large double doors at 3rd bay, window to right. 2 1st and 2nd floor windows to left; hoist door above ground floor door, 2nd floor window centred above; 1st and 2nd floor windows to right. Plain elevation of lean-to wheelhouse to far left.

SE ELEVATION: plain gable wall; lean-to wheelhouse runs along extent of wall.

SW ELEVATION: advanced kiln section to left; central ground floor window to left; door to right; central 2nd floor window. Mill section set back to right; 3 ground floor windows; 4 1st floor windows; 2 2nd floor windows to right. All modern insertions apart from former ground floor door to far right and 1st floor window above. Opening for mill lade between ground and 1st floors in wheelhouse to far right.

NW ELEVATION: central ground floor window. Central 2nd floor window (recent insertion).

Some original timber windows remains; 9 fixed panes with 2 timber shutters below. Modern glazing copies former fenestration pattern. 4 regularly placed rooflights to front elevation; 6 to rear, mill section. Pitched, glazed kiln roof; pitched slate roof to mill section. Slate lean-to wheelhouse roof.

INTERIOR: flagged ground floor; timber floor elsewhere. Arched, 2-storey, brick kiln structure remains. Pine joists and columns remain within mill section. Bridge and pit in wheelhouse (wheel now gone).

MILL LADE

Flagstone wall with narrow water channel leads water from reservoir at rear of mill, into wheelhouse. Access opening within wall near house.

Statement of Special Interest

B-Group with Pierowall, Trenabie Bere Mill (see separate list description). The 3-storey grain mill was built for David Balfour, 5th Laird of Trenabie and remained in operation until the 1960's. It had 2 pairs of grinding stones and an overshot wheel. Restoration and conversion into residential accommodation began in 1998. The original machinery including the over-shot water wheel was removed in the 1960's. The interior of the kiln has been maintained and used in an innovative way; i.e. the glazed roof helps to provide the rest of the house with heat and light and the lade feeds the generator which heats under floor pipes. Loch Saintear formerly fed the mills but now water is pumped from Loch of Burness into a feeder pond to the rear of the 3-storey mill.

References

Bibliography

2nd Edition OS Map, 1976; J R Hume, THE INDUSTRIAL ARCHAEOLOGY OF SCOTLAND, Vol II, THE HIGHLANDS AND ISLANDS, 1977, p251; Owner's information, 2000.

About Listed Buildings

Listing is the way that a building or structure of special architectural or historic interest is recognised by law through the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings of special architectural or historic interest using the criteria published in the Historic Environment Scotland Policy Statement.

The information in the listed building record gives an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building(s). It is not a definitive historical account or a complete description of the building(s). The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

The only legal part of the listing is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing and if a number or name is missing from a listing address it may still be listed. Listing covers both the exterior and the interior and any object or structure fixed to the building. Listing can also cover structures not physically attached but which are part of the curtilage of the building, such as boundary walls, gates, gatepiers, ancillary buildings etc. The planning authority is responsible for advising on what is covered by the listing including the curtilage of a listed building. Since 1 October 2015 we have been able to exclude items from a listing. If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the Historic Environment Scotland Act 2014. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect current legislation.

If you want to alter, extend or demolish a listed building you need to contact your planning authority to see if you need listed building consent. The planning authority advises on the need for listed building consent and they also decide what a listing covers. The planning authority is the main point of contact for all applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at www.historicenvironment.scot/advice-and-support. You can contact us on 0131 668 8716 or at designations@hes.scot.

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Printed: 18/12/2018 12:53