Listed Building

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site only. All other information in the record is not statutory.

PAXTON HOUSE ESTATE, THE DOWER HOUSE (FORMER FACTOR'S HOUSE)LB47697

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Category
A
Group Category Details
100000019 - see notes
Date Added
15/03/2001
Local Authority
Scottish Borders
Planning Authority
Scottish Borders
Parish
Hutton
NGR
NT 92785 52294
Coordinates
392785, 652294

Description

William J Gray, Coldingham, 1871, with later additions and alterations. Asymmetrical, single storey with attic, gabled, Swiss Cottage with lower (former service?) wing at rear; rectangular-plan former stable adjoined beyond. Cyclopean pink sandstone; applied decorative half-timbering at upper floor; cream sandstone dressings. Base course to principal block; decorative string course between floors with zig-zag frieze and alternate circular and near-quatrefoil stencils between timber modillions; overhanging timber bracketed eaves (modillioned eaves to former stable); timber bargeboards with trefoil filigree/carving in decorative cusped frieze. Timber brackets supporting upper floors overhanging chamfered corners. Rusticated quoins with stylised vermiculation; lightly stugged long and short surrounds to openings; projecting cills.

SE (ENTRANCE) ELEVATION: 3-bay gabled projection at centre with bipartite window centred at ground; single windows flanking at ground in chamfered angles; timber bracketed oriel window centred above; collar and string course embossed 'REMEMBER TRUE TO THE END'. Gabled porch to right under piend-roofed corner with decorative timber supports flanking round-arched opening with trefoil and quatrefoil carvings, zig-zag frieze; timber panelled door centred within; plate glass fanlight. Projecting jerkin-headed wing recessed to outer left (see below) with single window in chamfered angle at ground.

SW (SIDE) ELEVATION: principal block to right comprising 3-bay jerkin-headed projection to left with bipartite window centred at ground; single windows flanking at ground in chamfered angles; timber bracketed oriel window centred above. Gabled wing recessed to right with single window centred at ground; single window in chamfered angle to right. 3-bay former service wing (?) recessed to left with timber panelled door at ground to left; single windows at ground to right; gabled dormerheads to windows breaking eaves in bays flanking centre. Jerkin-headed former stable to outer left with 2-leaf boarded timber door centred at ground; boarded attic opening aligned above; boarded timber door in linking corridor recessed to right.

NE (SIDE) ELEVATION: principal block to left comprising narrow window at ground to left; 2-bay jerkin-headed projection to right with; bipartite window at ground, timber bracketed oriel window centred above. Lower, 4-bay former service wing (?) to right with single windows in all bays at ground (narrow opening to right); gabled dormerheads to windows breaking eaves flanking centre. Single storey wing to outer right with single window off-set to left of centre.

Predominantly 3-pane glazing in timber sash and case windows; projecting windows with 3-pane casement glazing. Red tile roof with fishscale banding; decorative brattishing. Sandstone stacks with paired and triple flues; decorative cornices with dogtooth ornament; circular cans.

INTERIOR: not seen 1999.

Statement of Special Interest

Paxton House Estate A Group comprises 'Boundary Walls, Railings & Gatepiers', 'Bridge', 'Dene Cottage', 'The Dower House' 'Entrance comprising South Lodge, East Lodge, Quadrant Walls, Piers & Entrance Screen', 'Garden Cottage', 'Ice House', 'North Lodge & West Lodge', 'Paxton House', 'Walled Garden' - see separate list entries. Set within the boundaries of the INVENTORY site, to the NW of Paxton House and marked on the 1978 OS map as 'Paxton Cottage'. The original plans for this unusually-detailed cottage refer to it as the 'Factor's House'. A photograph held in the NMRS shows the SW elevation prior to the extension of its jerkin-headed wing and the addition of the dormers above the former service range. Bears some resemblance to the nearby Garden Cottage, itself probably designed by William J Gray in the later 19th century.

References

Bibliography

Plans in possession current occupant. Ordnance Survey map, 1857 (not evident). Ordnance Survey map, 1898 (evident). AN INVENTORY OF GARDENS AND DESIGNED LANDSCAPES IN SCOTLAND, Vol 5 (1988) pp387-392 (general). NMRS photographic records.

About Listed Buildings

Listing is the way that a building or structure of special architectural or historic interest is recognised by law through the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings of special architectural or historic interest using the criteria published in the Historic Environment Scotland Policy Statement.

The statutory listing address is the legal part of the listing. The information in the listed building record gives an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building(s). It is not a definitive historical account or a complete description of the building(s). The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

Listing covers both the exterior and the interior. Listing can cover structures not mentioned which are part of the curtilage of the building, such as boundary walls, gates, gatepiers, ancillary buildings etc. The planning authority is responsible for advising on what is covered by the listing including the curtilage of a listed building. For information about curtilage see www.historicenvironment.scot. Since 1 October 2015 we have been able to exclude items from a listing. If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the Historic Environment Scotland Act 2014. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect current legislation.

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Printed: 20/11/2018 15:16