Listed Building

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site only. All other information in the record is not statutory.

NETHERBYRES HOUSE INCLUDING BOUNDARY WALLS AND GATEPIERSLB46460

Status: Designated

Documents

There are no additional online documents for this record.

Summary

Category
B
Group Category Details
100000020 - see notes
Date Added
28/09/1999
Local Authority
Scottish Borders
Planning Authority
Scottish Borders
Parish
Ayton
NGR
NT 9425 6354
Coordinates
394250, 663540

Description

George Angus, 1834-35; extended, 1860s; rear addition, 1930s; further additions and alterations. 2-storey with basement and attic, 3-bay (4-bay at ground), fine near-symmetrical, Tudor Jacobean gabled house (grouped 1-1-1) with later 2-storey, 2-bay gabled wing slightly recessed to outer left forming near L-plan; later single storey with basement, flat-roofed addition at rear forming near U-plan. Coursed cream sandstone ashlar to front and side (SW) elevations; painted harl to rear and side (NE) elevations; sandstone ashlar dressings. Base course; decorative sandstone bargeboards to outer gables original house. Predominantly architraved and chamfered surrounds to openings (plain chamfered in part); various sandstone and timber mullions; chamfered cills; stepped hoodmoulds to original block.

SE (ENTRANCE) ELEVATION: original 3-bay block to right with entrance stair centred in gabled bay off-set to left of centre comprising sandstone treads, low arcaded side walls, panelled and corniced newels with surmounting urn-shaped finials. Stair accessing tripartite entrance centred at ground with 2-leaf timber panelled door, plate glass fanlight, shouldered surround, large side-lights; stepped, full-width hoodmould encompassing central coat-of-arms; single window aligned at 1st floor; small attic light centred in finialled gablehead. Tripartite window centred at ground (narrow side-lights); projecting oriel with carved pediment aligned at 1st floor (between flanking bargeboards, within curvilinear, finialled gablehead). Gabled bay to outer right with single windows in both bays at ground; small single window centred at 1st floor; small attic light centred in finialled gablehead. Later 2-bay wing recessed to left with single windows at both floors to right; bipartite windows in gabled projection slightly advanced to outer left; carved panel aligned above; surmounting finial.

NE (SIDE) ELEVATION: 4-bay. Full-height, single bay gabled projection off-set to right of centre with timber door centred at ground; single windows aligned at 1st and 2nd floors. Single windows at basement in flanking bays; large, tripartite windows aligned at ground (timber mullions); gabled windows breaking eaves above. Single window at basement off-set to left of centre. Basement window in bay to outer left; large, tripartite window off-set to right at 1st floor; gabled window breaking eaves above.

NW (REAR) ELEVATION: original 3-bay block to left with stair accessing projecting entrance centred at ground comprising timber panelled door, 2-pane fanlight, flanking side-lights, full-width, stepped hoodmould; projecting pedimented window centred at 1st floor (between flanking bargeboards, within curvilinear, finialled gablehead). Gabled bays flanking centre with bipartite windows in canted basements; canted windows aligned at ground with strapwork detailing to parapets; single windows aligned at 1st floor; small attic lights centred in finialled gableheads. Irregularly fenestrated later wing recessed to right with full-height, ogee-roofed, square-plan tower off-set to left of centre. Flat-roofed projection to outer right with 2-leaf timber door and single window at basement; bipartite window centred at ground. Screen wall linking original block and flat-roofed addition with central boarded timber door; shoulder-arched surround; surmounting curvilinear gable.

SW (SIDE) ELEVATION: 2-bay wing to right with 3 single windows at basement; single windows at both floors in both bays above. Bipartite window centred at ground in flat-roofed addition to outer left; irregularly-spaced basement lights below.

Various timber sash and case and casement windows; stained and leaded stair window at rear. Grey slate roof; stone-coped skews; various skewputts. Corniced ridge, wallhead and apex stacks with grouped, square-plan flues; octagonal flues with barley twist and chequered detailing; circular and octagonal cans. Decorative rainwater goods.

INTERIOR: converted for use as residential home. Timber panelled doors; corniced surrounds. Plain timber skirting boards; timber dado rails; decorative cornices; compartmental ceilings; various fireplaces. Galleried, rectangular-plan stair hall comprising central T-plan stair with timber treads, timber balustrades and handrails; central stair window; regularly-spaced consoled brackets beneath upper gallery; stylised Jacobean pendant ceiling with central rectangular cupola. Remainder not seen 1998.

BOUNDARY WALLS AND GATEPIERS: arched coping to heavily-pointed rubble walls enclosing site. Square-plan, coursed cream sandstone piers flanking main entrance to N; plain caps; gates missing. Stop-chamfered, square-plan, coursed cream sandstone gatepiers flanking entrance to S; corniced caps; gates missing.

Statement of Special Interest

B Group comprises 'Netherbyres House', 'Netherbyres House, The Coach House & Stable Courtyard' and 'Netherbyres House, Walled Garden' - see separate list entries. Owned and occupied by the Gardeners' Royal Benevolent Society (1998). Noted in the OS Name Book as "a neat built mansion pleasantly situated at the edge of the Eye Water." The earlier, more decorative part of this house was commissioned by Captain Sir Samuel Brown, one of the most significant engineers of his time, renowned for his "..manufacture and construction of chain cables and suspension-bridges" and in particular for his "...beautiful chain bridge over the Tweed at Paxton..." (NEW STATISTICAL ACCOUNT). Brown acquired the Netherbyres estate in 1833, and having considered the possibility of extending the existing house (GD416/33/1), had it demolished the following year in favour of a new design by the Edinburgh-based architect, George Angus. A new north approach to this "...splendid mansion house" (NSA) was then created via a suspension bridge across the Eye Water (itself demolished in 1929). In 1850, Netherbyres was sold to John Ramsey L'Amy, husband of Mary, daughter of William Mitchell-Innes of Ayton Castle (see separate list entry). Some time in the 1860s, L'Amy added the simpler wing to the side of the house, supposedly for his 2 maiden sisters. Despite the flat-roofed, 1930s rear addition, little appears to have changed since the later 19th century. The nearby walled garden (still associated with the house), remains a fine and rare example of a mathematically devised, elliptical enclosure.

References

Bibliography

SRO GD416/3/5, GD416/3/6, GD416/33/1. NEW STATISTICAL ACCOUNT (completed 1834, published 1845) p138. Ordnance Survey Name Book (1856-1858) Reel 60, Book 3, NMRS. Ordnance Survey map, 1858 (evident). RUTHERFURD'S SOUTHERN COUNTIES' REGISTER AND DIRECTORY (1866, reprinted 1990) p596. F H Groome ORDNANCE GAZETTEER OF SCOTLAND (1882) p107. Lady Furness 'Netherbyres' HISTORY OF THE BERWICKSHIRE NATURALISTS' CLUB, Vol 39 (1971) pp13-79. 'William Crow' HISTORY OF THE BERWICKSHIRE NATURALISTS' CLUB, Vol 43 (1986). AN INVENTORY OF GARDENS AND DESIGNED LANDSCAPES IN SCOTLAND: LOTHIAN & BORDERS, Vol 5 pp376-381. Stella Mills, 'William Crow of Netherbyres' (c.1704-1750) HISTORY OF THE BERWICKSHIRE NATURALISTS' CLUB, Vol 44 (1988) pp53-81. C A Strang BORDERS AND BERWICK: AN ILLUSTRATED ARCHITECTURAL GUIDE (1994) p23.

About Listed Buildings

Listing is the way that a building or structure of special architectural or historic interest is recognised by law through the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings of special architectural or historic interest using the criteria published in the Historic Environment Scotland Policy Statement.

The statutory listing address is the legal part of the listing. The information in the listed building record gives an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building(s). It is not a definitive historical account or a complete description of the building(s). The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

Listing covers both the exterior and the interior. Listing can cover structures not mentioned which are part of the curtilage of the building, such as boundary walls, gates, gatepiers, ancillary buildings etc. The planning authority is responsible for advising on what is covered by the listing including the curtilage of a listed building. For information about curtilage see www.historicenvironment.scot. Since 1 October 2015 we have been able to exclude items from a listing. If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the Historic Environment Scotland Act 2014. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect current legislation.

If you want to alter, extend or demolish a listed building you need to contact your planning authority to see if you need listed building consent. The planning authority is the main point of contact for all applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at www.historicenvironment.scot. You can contact us on 0131 668 8716 or at designations@hes.scot.

Images

There are no images available for this record, you may want to check Canmore for images relating to NETHERBYRES HOUSE INCLUDING BOUNDARY WALLS AND GATEPIERS

There are no images available for this record.

Search Canmore

Printed: 10/12/2018 07:23