Listed Building

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site only. All other information in the record is not statutory.

MAVISBANK HOUSE, WALLED GARDENS, INCLUDING GATES AND GATEPIERSLB44166

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Category
A
Group Category Details
100000019
Date Added
22/01/1971
Local Authority
Midlothian
Planning Authority
Midlothian
Parish
Lasswade
NGR
NT 28935 65072
Coordinates
328935, 665072

Description

Circa 1730.

1739. Large horseshoe-plan walled garden with smaller triangular-plan walled garden adjoining to SW; gates to NW, NE and SE and road access from former dairy to SW; lean-to potting sheds on S boundary of horeshoe-plan garden, now converted to house and garage. Ashlar sandstone with brick inner facing; flat ashlar cope. NW GATEWAY: steps up to square-plan channelled sandstone ashlar gatepiers; moulded cornice supported by highly carved foliate scrolled consoles; decorative iron gates; flanking wrought-iron arrow-headed railings; gateway now boarded (1996). NE GATEWAY: square-plan channelled ashlar sandstone with moulded ashlar cornice and square cap. Arrow-headed wrought-iron gates now boarded. SE GATEWAY: droved sandstone; square-plan, chamfered with flat ashlar copes; wrought-iron gates (not now in use).

FORMER POTTING SHED: single storey, 4-bay potting shed to S of garden, converted to cottage. Sandstone rubble with painted entrance elevation and corrugated-iron roof. Boarded door in extreme left bay; 12-pane sash and case window in each remaining bay. Modern addition to rear. Lean-to painted sandstone wood shed opposite with 3 boarded doors and flat, ashlar coped roof. Lean-to painted sandstone garage conversion to E with 2 sliding boarded garage doors with flanking windows and corrugated iron roof. Cast-iron rainwater goods.

Statement of Special Interest

The walled gardens lie out of sight, to SE of the house, positioned in a sheltered area by the river, flanked along the W side by woodland, and a belt of trees to the E. The plan is particularly unusual, as gardens with curved walls were thought to cause the wind to eddy, retarding the ripening of fruit. Although the original garden walls remain, the only early planting appears to be two yew hedges, running parallel in the centre of the garden and two yew trees at the NE end of what would have been a central footpath. It is now in use as a commercial nursery whose buildings lie outside the walls to the E. The smaller garden contains the gazebo (see separate list entyry). A-group with Mavisbank House, Doocot, Dairy, Gazebo, Ice House and Game Larder, East Lodge (Kevock Road, Lasswade).

References

Bibliography

Appears on Roy's map, (1750); A A Tait, THE LANDSCAPE GARDEN IN SCOTLAND (1980) pp21-23; T Buxbaum SCOTTISH GARDEN BUILDINGS (1989), pp45-46; J Gifford WILLIAM ADAM (1989), p94; J Thomas, MIDLOTHIAN RIAS GUIDE (1995) p43; S Cooper, AN INVENTORY OF GARDEN BUILDINGS IN SCOTLAND, VOL 2 (1996).

About Listed Buildings

Listing is the way that a building or structure of special architectural or historic interest is recognised by law through the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings of special architectural or historic interest using the criteria published in the Historic Environment Scotland Policy Statement.

The statutory listing address is the legal part of the listing. The information in the listed building record gives an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building(s). It is not a definitive historical account or a complete description of the building(s). The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

Listing covers both the exterior and the interior. Listing can cover structures not mentioned which are part of the curtilage of the building, such as boundary walls, gates, gatepiers, ancillary buildings etc. The planning authority is responsible for advising on what is covered by the listing including the curtilage of a listed building. For information about curtilage see www.historicenvironment.scot. Since 1 October 2015 we have been able to exclude items from a listing. If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the Historic Environment Scotland Act 2014. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect current legislation.

If you want to alter, extend or demolish a listed building you need to contact your planning authority to see if you need listed building consent. The planning authority is the main point of contact for all applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at www.historicenvironment.scot. You can contact us on 0131 668 8716 or at designations@hes.scot.

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Printed: 18/11/2018 14:10