Listed Building

The only legal part of the listing is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing – see ‘About Listed Buildings’ below for more information.

CHIRNSIDE BRIDGE PAPER MILL AND STALKLB4126

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Category
B
Date Added
23/04/1979
Local Authority
Scottish Borders
Planning Authority
Scottish Borders
Parish
Edrom
NGR
NT 85119 56290
Coordinates
385119, 656290

Description

David Cousin, architect, dated 1842, with dated alterations and additions in 1852, and 1897; later alterations, some demolition and additions. 2- and 3-storey W-E range, sited on land falling to E with tall brick stalk to N. Squared and snecked sandstone with droved ashlar dressings; painted rubble and brick side and rear elevations.

S ELEVATION: bays arranged 9-3-13-3. Window to each storey of each bay. 9-BAY GROUP: irregularly disposed, 3-2-2-2. Near-symmetrical. 2-bay group to centre broadly-spaced coped gable above eaves with kneelers and ashlar finial; clock to gablehead above. Bay to centre and right closely spaced in 3-bay group to left. Modern panelled and partially- glazed door at ground of bay to right of 2-bay group to inner right. 2-bay group to outer right closely-spaced. 3-BAY GROUP: 2-storey. Slightly advanced. Shallow gable with ashlar finial. 2-leaf boarded warehouse door at ground of bay to right. Small window at basement level in bay to right. 13-BAY GROUP: symmetrical group. 3-storey. Slightly advanced 3-bay group to centre; skew gable with kneelers and ashlar finial. Rectangular plaque to gablehead, inscribed: "Y Trotter and Son (limited) paper makers. Built 1842, extended 1852 and 1897" with round emblem above. 5-bay group flanking with blinded window opening at ground of bay to outer left of group to left. Door to ground of bay to centre of group to right; elongated window opening at 1st floor of bay to outer left of group to right. 3-BAY GROUP TO OUTER RIGHT: slightly advanced and gabled, similar to 3-bay group to centre of 13-bay group. Windows blinded at ground and 1st floor of bay to right. Blinded round-arched opening to gablehead with dated (1852) shield above.

N ELEVATION: much altered with many adjacent single storey buildings demolished. Modern unit adjoining to NW.

Variety of windows, mainly 12-pane windows of a variety of type, including timber sash and case, fixed pane, and with 3-pane upper hopper. Slate roof to each section, with strip rooflights to 9 and 13-bay groups. Conical vents in place to ridge.

INTERIOR: partly seen, 1996. Iron girders and supporting columns at ground floor of 13-bay group. Timber king post trussing in roof of 9-bay group. Clock workings still in place by J Gibson, Maker, Berwick.

STALK: circular-section brick stalk, approximately 120 ft high.

Statement of Special Interest

The weir is still in place along with the timber and iron mechanised sluices at ladehead. Red sandstone round-arched bridge over lade. Filtering ponds still in use, 1996. According to a photograph of the mill at the turn of the 20th century, the 3-bay group to S elevation formerly had a skew gable with kneelers and an apex stack, in a similar style to the other gables to S elevation. There is seen a square-plan stalk in this photograph, which has since been demolished. The construction which took place from 1842 onwards was carried out by

Y Trotter Co, when the mill was moved from further upstream at Broomhouse Mill. The site is one which had been used as a mill by the Martin family. The opening in 1842 is described at length in the Berwickshire Warder, where the architect, engineer (Mr Bertram), builder (Mr Balsillie), joiner (Mr George Renton), and the plumber

(Mr DA Lamb) were toasted by Mr Trotter. The new mill was highly successful during the 19th century. There was formerly an internal railway in the mill, along with mainline railways. Formerly listed in Chirnside Parish.

References

Bibliography

Information courtesy of current owners, including sight of HISTORICAL ACCOUNT OF PAPERMAKING IN BERWICKSHIRE - CHIRNSIDE BRIDGE PAPER MILLS. Berwickshire Warder (30 December 1842). NEW STATISTICAL ACCOUNT OF SCOTLAND (1845), vol II p271.

About Listed Buildings

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating sites and places at the national level. These designations are Scheduled monuments, Listed buildings, Inventory of gardens and designed landscapes and Inventory of historic battlefields.

We make recommendations to the Scottish Government about historic marine protected areas, and the Scottish Ministers decide whether to designate.

Listing is the process that identifies, designates and provides statutory protection for buildings of special architectural or historic interest as set out in the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings which are found to be of special architectural or historic interest using the selection guidance published in Designation Policy and Selection Guidance (2019)

Listed building records provide an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building which has been identified by its statutory address. The description and additional information provided are supplementary and have no legal weight.

These records are not definitive historical accounts or a complete description of the building(s). If part of a building is not described it does not mean it is not listed. The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site which is known as the statutory address. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing. Even if a number or name is missing from a listing address it will still be listed. Listing covers both the exterior and the interior and any object or structure fixed to the building. Listing also applies to buildings or structures not physically attached but which are part of the curtilage (or land) of the listed building as long as they were erected before 1 July 1948.

While Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating listed buildings, the planning authority is responsible for determining what is covered by the listing, including what is listed through curtilage. However, for listed buildings designated or for listings amended from 1 October 2015, legal exclusions to the listing may apply.

If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the 1997 Act. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect subsequent legislation.

Listed building consent is required for changes to a listed building which affect its character as a building of special architectural or historic interest. The relevant planning authority is the point of contact for applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at www.historicenvironment.scot/advice-and-support. You can contact us on 0131 668 8914 or at designations@hes.scot.

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Printed: 26/05/2019 18:04