Listed Building

The only legal part of the listing is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing – see ‘About Listed Buildings’ below for more information.

LADE BRAES, PLASH MILL COTTAGE (FORMERLY NEW MILL & NEW PARK SCHOOL COTTAGE)LB40927

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Category
C
Date Added
08/06/1978
Local Authority
Fife
Planning Authority
Fife
Burgh
St Andrews
NGR
NO 49744 15994
Coordinates
349744, 715994

Description

Dated 1658, with later additions and alterations. Single-storey and loft, 2-phase mill comprising former mill and adjoining 4-bay cottage now converted into single dwelling. Gabled N elevation with splayed corner and raised entrance to loft with dated lintel. Sandstone rubble and pantile roof.

Stepped down

FURTHER DESCRIPTION: E (garden) elevation with 4-bay cottage to left with later projecting gabled porch. Near symmetrical 3-bay stepped down section to right with central part-glazed timber door flanked by windows; small narrow opening to loft. Piended roof to S elevation with later 4-light French window and flat-roofed bipartite dormer at attic.

Replacement 12-pane timber sash and case windows to N section; predominantly non-traditional timber sash and case windows to S section. Large rooflights. Gable end stacks with cans. Ashlar-coped skews. Cast-iron rainwater goods.

Statement of Special Interest

Constructed in the local sandstone and pantile tradition Plash Mill (formerly known as New Mill) is a rare survivor of the many mills that once operated in this area. It was converted in the 1990s into a single cottage. The lintel dated 1658 in the distinctive wide gable is a prominent architectural feature of the picturesque Lade Braes walk.

The N elevation, dated 1658, is the oldest part of the building, the S section being later in date. There is evidence of a mill on this site from 1550 (R.N. Smart, p 181.) The land was feued by the Priory of St Andrews and eventually passed into the ownership of the adjacent New Park House when milling on the site ceased in 1866. The mill gained its water supply direct from the Kinness Burn, as opposed from the lade, and 'splashed' back into the burn from the sluice, evident on the Ordnance Survey Map of 1893-5. This gave the mill its nickname 'Splash Mill' (M. Jarron & J. Webster), later shortened to 'Plash Mill.'

The name Lade Braes derives from the words for hillside (braes) and a course of water (lade). This water course was, initially built by the Priory of St Andrews in the 13th century, to divert the water from the Kinness Burn to the many mills that once existed in the area.

The Lead Braes walk was developed in the 19th century by John McIntosh, town councillor, and John Milne, councillor and architect. It was McIntosh who was responsible for covering the open 'lade' and beginning the process of tree planting carried on by Milne who subsequently laid out the nearby Cockshaugh Park.

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References

Bibliography

1st Edition Ordnance Survey Map (1852-5). 2nd Edition Ordnance Survey Map (1893-5). R N Smart "Notes on the Water Mills of St Andrews" (1989) in Three Decades of Historical Notes (ed M Innes & J Whelan, 1991), p181. M Jarron & J Webster A Journey Through the Lade Braes (St Andrews Preservation Trust). St Andrews Preservation Trust Photographic Archive (Ref: LAB.B.150 & LAB.B.B). Information courtesy of owner.

About Listed Buildings

Listing is the way that a building or structure of special architectural or historic interest is recognised by law through the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings of special architectural or historic interest using the criteria published in the Historic Environment Scotland Policy Statement.

The information in the listed building record gives an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building(s). It is not a definitive historical account or a complete description of the building(s). The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

The only legal part of the listing is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing and if a number or name is missing from a listing address it may still be listed. Listing covers both the exterior and the interior and any object or structure fixed to the building. Listing can also cover structures not physically attached but which are part of the curtilage of the building, such as boundary walls, gates, gatepiers, ancillary buildings etc. The planning authority is responsible for advising on what is covered by the listing including the curtilage of a listed building. Since 1 October 2015 we have been able to exclude items from a listing. If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the Historic Environment Scotland Act 2014. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect current legislation.

If you want to alter, extend or demolish a listed building you need to contact your planning authority to see if you need listed building consent. The planning authority advises on the need for listed building consent and they also decide what a listing covers. The planning authority is the main point of contact for all applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at www.historicenvironment.scot/advice-and-support. You can contact us on 0131 668 8716 or at designations@hes.scot.

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