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- Category: B
- Date Added: 03/08/1971
- Local Authority: Dumfries And Galloway
- Planning Authority: Dumfries And Galloway
- Parish: Closeburn
National Grid Reference
- NGR: NX 90760 92138
- Coordinates: 290760, 592138
Late 14th century rectangular-plan tower house with mostly
18th and 19th century alterations and low additions. Out-
buildings to west. TOWER HOUSE: 3 storeys over vaulted
basement, small-paned irregularly-spaced windows mostly
altered, with segmental heads; coursed rubble, ashlar
dressings; gabled stone slab roof with ball finial and ridge
stack all enclosed by parapet latter crenellated in 19th
century: cap house over north wallhead; Interior: yett
survives, and iron-studded door; wheel stair at north; now 2
rooms on each floor, north ground floor room vaulted with
plain plaster ceiling ribs and masks; bedroom cupboard on
upper floor has (re-set) plaster mask over door; attic also
vaulted. ADDITIONS: (mostly red ashlar) roofed forestair at
west to original door; castellated porch (after 1856) at
north, segmental-arched east-facing 2-leaf door with side
lights, recessed piended bay adjoining with segmental-arched
window (also east-facing) flanked by blind square openings
having margins linked with eaves band. Asymmetrical rear
elevation, kitchen linked with outbuildings. Corniced
octagonal or diamond flues; slate roof.
Statement of Special Interest
After the mansion house of Closeburn was destroyed by fire
1748, the Kirkpatrick family returned to the castle "fitting
it up as their residence" (Ramage). A Rowan, in SHAMBELLIE,
1982, p.16, notes that David Bryce, architect, had visted
Shambellie ".... while on business in the area at Capenoch
and Closeburn tower" (July 1854). Porch not shown on 1st ed
O.S. (surveyed 1856). View in Grose's ANTIQUITIES shows a
RCAHM, INVENTORY 1920. no 59 (incl plans and section) Grose,
ANTIQUITIES OF SCOTLAND, 1789 vol I, p.150 (incl
MacGibbon & Ross, CASTELLATED AND DOMESTIC ARCHITECTURE vol
III, 1889 (1977 reprint) p.128.
1982 sale catalogue in NMRS; 1845 sale particulars in SRO
GD 224/511/3. R M F Watson, CLOSEBURN, ETC 1901 Chapter V.
SRO RHP 9454.
COUNTRY LIFE 10.1.1947.
C T Ramage, DRUMLANRIG CASTLE AND THE DOUGLASES, 1876, p.184.
Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for the designation of buildings, monuments, gardens and designed landscapes and historic battlefields. We also advise Scottish Ministers on the designation of historic marine protected areas.
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