Listed Building

The only legal part of the listing is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing – see ‘About Listed Buildings’ below for more information.

CROMLIX HOUSE, SUNDIAL AND FLANKING PAIR OF GATEPIERS (FORMERLY FIREPLACE JAMBS)LB3997

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Category
A
Date Added
05/10/1971
Local Authority
Stirling
Planning Authority
Stirling
Parish
Dunblane And Lecropt
NGR
NN 78198 6026
Coordinates
278198, 706026

Description

Sundial 17th century with flanking 16th century pair of gatepiers (formerly fireplace jambs). Grouped to S of Cromlix House (see separate listing).

SUNDIAL: obelisk sundial. Shallow octagonal base surmounted by square column, divided on each side to form 5 compartments. Wider chamfered octagonal capital above with canted facets above and below. Tall obelisk above. Grey sandstone ashlar. Geometric, heart-shaped, and circular sinkings set in column compartments. Hollowed-out dials to 4 facets of capital.

GATEPIERS: 16th century. Identical. Shaft with central engaged column with deeply moulded base and large, overhanging polygonal capital. Pink sandstone. Horizontal banding to capital with incised rosette pattern; similar rosette pattern to shaft. Surmounted by splayed grey sandstone copes and ball finials to form gatepiers.

Statement of Special Interest

The sundial is a fine and well preserved example of an obelisk type sundial - a type unique to Scotland and dating from the seventeenth century. Only a handful of this type of sundial is thought to exist. The different shaped incised sinkings use the edge of each figure to cast a shadow and similar shadows are cast by the hollowed-out dials and triangular shapes on the capital. The obelisk, in contrast, is smooth. Local knowledge suggests that the sundial was found at Innerpeffrey Castle, which was owned by the Drummonds until early in the twentieth century, and it may have stood in Lady Madderty's garden. Similar sundials can be found at Drummond Castle and Mount Stuart (see separate listings) among other locations.

The firejambs are likely to date from the 16th century and appear to have been subsequently converted to form gatepiers. They were originally situated in Lord Strathallan's House in Dunblane, known as Strathallan's Lodging. The house fell into disrepair early in the 19th century. They now flank the later, 17th century sundial. It is not known when the sundial and firejambs were moved to their present location, although family photographs show them in their present site at the end of the 19th century.

The sundial and the gatepiers were previously listed separately. Listing merged in 2006.

References

Bibliography

Macgibbon and Ross, Castellated and Domestic Architecture of Scotland Vol V (1887-92) p407. Christopher St J.H. Daniel, Sundials (2004) p.34. John Gifford and Frank Arneil Walker, The Buildings of Scotland Stirling and Central Scotland, (2002) p354. RCAHMS Ref no NN70NE 2.01. Other information courtesy of local residents.

About Listed Buildings

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating sites and places at the national level. These designations are Scheduled monuments, Listed buildings, Inventory of gardens and designed landscapes and Inventory of historic battlefields.

We make recommendations to the Scottish Government about historic marine protected areas, and the Scottish Ministers decide whether to designate.

Listing is the process that identifies, designates and provides statutory protection for buildings of special architectural or historic interest as set out in the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings which are found to be of special architectural or historic interest using the selection guidance published in Designation Policy and Selection Guidance (2019)

Listed building records provide an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building which has been identified by its statutory address. The description and additional information provided are supplementary and have no legal weight.

These records are not definitive historical accounts or a complete description of the building(s). If part of a building is not described it does not mean it is not listed. The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site which is known as the statutory address. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing. Even if a number or name is missing from a listing address it will still be listed. Listing covers both the exterior and the interior and any object or structure fixed to the building. Listing also applies to buildings or structures not physically attached but which are part of the curtilage (or land) of the listed building as long as they were erected before 1 July 1948.

While Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating listed buildings, the planning authority is responsible for determining what is covered by the listing, including what is listed through curtilage. However, for listed buildings designated or for listings amended from 1 October 2015, legal exclusions to the listing may apply.

If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the 1997 Act. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect subsequent legislation.

Listed building consent is required for changes to a listed building which affect its character as a building of special architectural or historic interest. The relevant planning authority is the point of contact for applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at www.historicenvironment.scot/advice-and-support. You can contact us on 0131 668 8914 or at designations@hes.scot.

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