Listed Building

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site only. All other information in the record is not statutory.

PERTH BRIDGE OVER RIVER TAY.LB39339

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Category
A
Date Added
20/05/1965
Local Authority
Perth And Kinross
Planning Authority
Perth And Kinross
Burgh
Perth
NGR
NO 12118 23883
Coordinates
312118, 723883

Description

John Smeaton, 1766-1771, widened, A D Stewart, 1869. 7-bay round-arched road bridge spanning River Tay with 2 further smaller round arches to ends at E and W. Pink Perth sandstone ashlar. Circular, black stone oculi to spandrels. Low, triangular cutwaters.

Later cantilevered pedestrian footpaths supported by cast-iron brackets. Decorative parapets incorporating slender lamp standards.

Statement of Special Interest

Perth bridge was built by the renowned engineer John Smeaton and is a major route across the river to Perth city centre. The seven arches which form the bridge are a major landmark in the area, and make a significant contribution to the surrounding landscape. Constructed of local Perth sandstone, the bridge was widened in 1869 to provide footpaths to either side. The 2 arches at either side of the bridge allow for capacity if there is flooding and the arch spans increase in width towards the centre of the bridge.

A number of bridges have been built over the River Tay since the 11th century, many of which were damaged by flooding. The previous bridge to this one was destroyed by flooding in 1617. For a while after this, ferries were used to cross the river until this bridge was built in 1771. The bridge was the largest in Scotland at the time.

John Smeaton (1724-1792) was a significant figure in engineering and laid the foundations for the civil engineering profession. Born in Yorkshire, his achievements were wide ranging and include the Eddystone lighthouse of 1759 and the Forth & Clyde Canal, 1768-1790.

The cast iron lamp standards and parapets were manufactured in 1869 by the Glasgow firm of James Laidlaw.

List description updated, 2011.

References

Bibliography

Map of The Counties of Perth & Clackmannan, 1783. Statistical Account of Scotland, 1791-99, volume XVIII pf. 546. J Gifford, Buildings of Scotland, Perth and Kinross, 2007, p. 604. R Paxton and J Shipway, Civil Engineering Heritage, Scotland Lowlands and Borders, 2007, pf 312. Other information from www.scottishironwork.org (accessed 03-05-11).

About Listed Buildings

Listing is the way that a building or structure of special architectural or historic interest is recognised by law through the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings of special architectural or historic interest using the criteria published in the Historic Environment Scotland Policy Statement.

The statutory listing address is the legal part of the listing. The information in the listed building record gives an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building(s). It is not a definitive historical account or a complete description of the building(s). The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

Listing covers both the exterior and the interior. Listing can cover structures not mentioned which are part of the curtilage of the building, such as boundary walls, gates, gatepiers, ancillary buildings etc. The planning authority is responsible for advising on what is covered by the listing including the curtilage of a listed building. For information about curtilage see www.historicenvironment.scot. Since 1 October 2015 we have been able to exclude items from a listing. If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the Historic Environment Scotland Act 2014. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect current legislation.

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Printed: 16/11/2018 22:47