Listed Building

The only legal part of the listing is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing – see ‘About Listed Buildings’ below for more information.

BRIDGE STREET, MONTROSE INFIRMARY, INCLUDING ANCILLARY STRUCTURES TO NORTH, AND BOUNDARY WALLS AND GATEPIERS TO BRIDGE STREETLB38112

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Category
A
Date Added
11/06/1971
Local Authority
Angus
Planning Authority
Angus
Burgh
Montrose
NGR
NO 71044 57439
Coordinates
371044, 757439

Description

James Collie, Glasgow, 1836-39, early purpose-built hospital building. Greek Revival. 2-storey main block with symmetrical entrance elevation to E; 2-storey ward block, built 1894, running parallel to main block to rear. Minor alterations, 1937 and small modern flat-roofed additions to rear.

Brown/red polished ashlar portico, squared, dressed sandstone rubble to main elevations, with polished ashlar dressings and margins: plinth, narrow raised margins at angles, cornice and parapet, pedimented gables, corniced apex stacks and architraved windows, those at ground floor with apron panels below. 4-pane timber sash and case windows. Shallow-pitched slated roofs.

PRINCIPAL (E) ENTRANCE ELEVATION: 2-storey, symmetrical; 3 bays flanking central pedimented entrance block, with engaged tetrastyle Doric portico in antis, door in in-filled centre bay, single windows to either side, and at 1st floor over; flight of 3 steps leading to entrance. Pediment raised high above eaves on tall entablature, frieze ornamented with 4 relief garland wreath carvings. Set-back flanking bays; single bays to centre, outer 2 bays slightly advanced pinning down ends of E elevation. Small single-storey ashlar block in similar style added to S elevation, to right, 1937, entered by small flat-roofed porch, and with 1937 timber and glazed sun-balcony at 1st floor level over; metal fire-escape stair behind (on S elevation of main block); these later additions obscuring original S elevation, with pend opening (see T Valentine photograph in Griffith: see REFERENCES).

2-storey WARD BLOCK: later wing, added 1894 (Maternity and Female Medical wards in 1989) running parallel to main block on N-S axis. Same quarry of brown-red, squared and dressed sandstone, with pitched slated roof, pedimented gable end, timber sash and case windows, with shorter (1/3) upper sashes; large 9-pane window, presumably an alteration of 1937, wrapped around eaves with 3-pane roof light to right of W elevation.

Various small flat-roofed modern additions to rear.

ANCILLARY STRUCTURES: earlier-mid 19th Century; detached to N of infirmary: 2 pitched-roofed brown sandstone buildings with pitched slated roofs, attached at right angles. That with SE elevation (facing infirmary): 2-storey, with large multi-paned windows, 4 at ground, 3 at 1st floor, centre opening at 1st floor with timber louvres (? suggesting wash-house/boiler room); second single-storey and basement building attached at right-angles, on N-S axis, built in slope of ground.

GATEPIERS AND ENCLOSING WALLS: replaced circa 1940s, but retaining line of original boundary. Original panelled ashlar piers and decorative cast-iron railings to be seen in pre-1937 T Valentine photograph (Griffith: see REFERENCES).

Statement of Special Interest

Built to provide separate accommodation for the "Sick Poor", who had formerly shared accommodation with asylum patients at the Montrose Lunatic Asylum (completed in 1781 as the first asylum to be built in Scotland). James Collie's designs were chosen from 15 competition entries published in the contemporary press. Contractors: David Mitchell, mason; John Crieg, wright. Foundation stone laid on 28 June 1838, the Coronation Day of Queen Victoria. Level of Bridge Street was "reduced by a foot or two" to enhance the effect of the new building, a sea wall to the W raised by using the masonry from an old wall to Bridge Street, and a new wall and gatepiers to Bridge Street constructed with pavement. Separate fever wards were built in 1866, linked by a covered walkway to the main block (now demolished). Mortuary and lift (latter replaced in 1912) were accommodated within the building (? in basement) in 1894.

References

Bibliography

JM Wilson, IMPERIAL GAZETTEER, article, "Montrose".

REPORTS ON THE ROYAL INFIRMARY & DISPENSARY OF MONTROSE FOR 1989, including, essay, "A History of Montrose Royal Infirmary", John Griffith (pamphlet), with early photographs by T Valentine showing original gatepiers and walls, and S elevation of main block.

About Listed Buildings

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating sites and places at the national level. These designations are Scheduled monuments, Listed buildings, Inventory of gardens and designed landscapes and Inventory of historic battlefields.

We make recommendations to the Scottish Government about historic marine protected areas, and the Scottish Ministers decide whether to designate.

Listing is the process that identifies, designates and provides statutory protection for buildings of special architectural or historic interest as set out in the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings which are found to be of special architectural or historic interest using the selection guidance published in Designation Policy and Selection Guidance (2019)

Listed building records provide an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building which has been identified by its statutory address. The description and additional information provided are supplementary and have no legal weight.

These records are not definitive historical accounts or a complete description of the building(s). If part of a building is not described it does not mean it is not listed. The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site which is known as the statutory address. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing. Even if a number or name is missing from a listing address it will still be listed. Listing covers both the exterior and the interior and any object or structure fixed to the building. Listing also applies to buildings or structures not physically attached but which are part of the curtilage (or land) of the listed building as long as they were erected before 1 July 1948.

While Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating listed buildings, the planning authority is responsible for determining what is covered by the listing, including what is listed through curtilage. However, for listed buildings designated or for listings amended from 1 October 2015, legal exclusions to the listing may apply.

If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the 1997 Act. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect subsequent legislation.

Listed building consent is required for changes to a listed building which affect its character as a building of special architectural or historic interest. The relevant planning authority is the point of contact for applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at www.historicenvironment.scot/advice-and-support. You can contact us on 0131 668 8914 or at designations@hes.scot.

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