Listed Building

The only legal part of the listing under the Planning (Listing Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997 is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing – see 'About Listed Buildings' below for more information. The further details below the 'Address/Name of Site' are provided for information purposes only.

Address/Name of Site


Status: Removed


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Date Added
Date Removed:
Local Authority
Planning Authority
NT 29068 92489
329068, 692489

Removal Reason

Dual designation


March 1460 - December 1463; later 15th century and 16th century. David Boys, master of works; Henry Merlioun, master mason; Friar Andres Lesouris, master carpenter. Remains of artillery fort on neck of narrow coastal promontary with rock-cut ditch to front, and on steeply falling ground to E. Ashlar to principal N range and towers; squared and coursed rubble; ashlar margins. Corbelled cornice to centre N; crowstepped attics to towers. Elliptical- and round-arched openings, keyhole gunloops; voussoirs, corbels and chamfered reveals to principal entrance, and to jambs and lintels of some tower windows.

N (ENTRANCE) ELEVATION: timber walkway to 53' wide, 2-storey curtain with narrow vaulted entrance passage and studded timber door at centre of raised ground floor, flanked by 2 (formerly residential) D-plan towers, rounded ends projecting.

W TOWER: 4-storey and attic, 38' diameter, with sloping wallhead and remains of crowstepped gables/cap house. S elevation with door to left at ground, 2 openings at 1st floor and further openings to right at each floor above.

E TOWER: 3-storey and attic, 43' diameter with dominant stack.

S (RIVER FORTH) ELEVATION: round-arched opening to centre with 2 doors to right and further door to left; elliptical-arched openings to set back upper stage. Fragments of subsidiary (domestic) buildings projecting along promontory to rear.

INTERIOR: W Tower with rectangular-plan principal rooms; tunnel-vaulted ground floor store; SE forestair to 1st floor hall with moulded fireplace and stone window seats to S and W, garderobe to NE. Vaulted gun chamber in thickness of N wall. Fireplaces to upper rooms, and wall-chamber with gunloop to NE at 2nd floor. E Tower with well in vaulted ground floor; 1st floor hall with stone window seats to E; 2nd floor room with wall-chamber and gunloop to NW. Later attic with 2 fireplaces.

Statement of Special Interest

Scheduled Ancient Monument. James II began building Ravenscraig in 1460 for his queen, Mary of Guelders. When he died 3 years later work ceased, and the Castle passed (unfinished) in 1470 to William Sinclair Early of Orkney. Both James II and the Sinclairs were interested in artillery fortifications and this is reflected in the basic form of Ravenscraig and the great wall thickness in proportion to size of the castle "with a particularly massive thickening in the rounded fronts of the 2 towers" (Fawcett, p288). Further defensive qualities appear in the carefully planned provision of key-hole shot-holes to cover approaches to the entrance and postern gate at one of the flanks. Fawcett adds that the wallhead of the W tower was eventually capped by solid weathered-back masonry rather than a wall-walk, and the E tower (smaller than intended) with "make-shift crenellations at wall-head". It is, he concludes "Probably safe to assume that little more than the underlying design and the lower parts of the main components represent James II's perception of the way castle-builders should provide for - and meet the threat of - artillery. The W Tower, planned rather like a tower-house, was probably intended as the residence of the queen or her constable".

Scheduled Area 28 April 1999.




About Listed Buildings

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating sites and places at the national level. These designations are Scheduled monuments, Listed buildings, Inventory of gardens and designed landscapes and Inventory of historic battlefields.

We make recommendations to the Scottish Government about historic marine protected areas, and the Scottish Ministers decide whether to designate.

Listing is the process that identifies, designates and provides statutory protection for buildings of special architectural or historic interest as set out in the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings which are found to be of special architectural or historic interest using the selection guidance published in Designation Policy and Selection Guidance (2019)

Listed building records provide an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building which has been identified by its statutory address. The description and additional information provided are supplementary and have no legal weight.

These records are not definitive historical accounts or a complete description of the building(s). If part of a building is not described it does not mean it is not listed. The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site which is known as the statutory address. Other than the name or address of a listed building, further details are provided for information purposes only. Historic Environment Scotland does not accept any liability for any loss or damage suffered as a consequence of inaccuracies in the information provided. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing. Even if a number or name is missing from a listing address it will still be listed. Listing covers both the exterior and the interior and any object or structure fixed to the building. Listing also applies to buildings or structures not physically attached but which are part of the curtilage (or land) of the listed building as long as they were erected before 1 July 1948.

While Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating listed buildings, the planning authority is responsible for determining what is covered by the listing, including what is listed through curtilage. However, for listed buildings designated or for listings amended from 1 October 2015, legal exclusions to the listing may apply.

If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the 1997 Act. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect subsequent legislation.

Listed building consent is required for changes to a listed building which affect its character as a building of special architectural or historic interest. The relevant planning authority is the point of contact for applications for listed building consent.

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Printed: 30/05/2024 09:47