Listed Building

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site only. All other information in the record is not statutory.

443-449 (ODD NOS) HIGH STREET AND MALCOLM'S WYND, SAILOR'S WALK WITH BOUNDARY WALLSLB36358

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Category
A
Date Added
28/01/1971
Local Authority
Fife
Planning Authority
Fife
Burgh
Kirkcaldy
NGR
NT 28446 92059
Coordinates
328446, 692059

Description

17th century incorporating earlier (probably 15th century) fabric, restored 1954-9 Wheeler & Sproson, and 1960. 3-storey and attic, 3-bay, H-plan former Customs House (right gable) and town house/fisher tenement block, converted to offices and shop circa 1970. Harled with painted margins. Volute corbel table and crowstepped gable to W, corbelled stair and moulded string course (later) to E; stop-chamfered arrises.

S (HIGH STREET) ELEVATION: advanced crowstepped gable to left of centre with window to left and adjacent modern door to outer left at ground, small stair window to right set high under full-width corbel table and 2-leaf boarded timber door on return to right; window to left at 1st and 2nd floors, further window to each floor on return to right, and small attic window above (slightly off-set to right) in gablehead; stair window to outer right between 1st and 2nd floors and further attic window above. Recessed centre bay with 3 windows at ground, and windows to right and left of centre to each floor above; remains of crowstepped gable to outer right. Ground floor of further advanced gabled bay to right with step down to 2-leaf boarded timber door to centre, flanking windows and chamfered corner to outer right; 3 windows each to 1st and 2nd floors with 2nd floor cill course; canon water spout to outer left and further small attic windows to right and left above.

E (MALCOLM'S WYND) ELEVATION: asymmetrical fenestration including step up to low timber door to right of centre with corbelled stair to left and above.

W ELEVATION: slightly advanced gable to right of centre with stair window to right at 1st floor and to left at 2nd; corbelling (evidence of stair) to outer right; recessed blocked doorway to left with 2 small windows each to ground and 1st floor, and further window to 2nd floor beyond to left.

N ELEVATION: lower advanced chimney gable to left with small blocked window at ground, window to each floor above and further small window in gablehead, 2 windows to each floor on return to right. Recessed centre bay with 3 windows to each floor, and further advanced chimney gable to outer right with timber door on return to left, window to right of centre to each floor and small attic window above.

4-, 9- and 12-pane glazing pattern in timber sash and case windows. Red pantiles. Coped harled gablehead stacks and rubble ridge stacks with full complement of cans, and ashlar-coped skews. Cast-iron downpipes and decorative rainwater hopper.

INTERIOR: The Customs House: No 449 (book shop) with steps down to low-ceilinged room with exposed beams, large corniced stone fireplace and small rooms to rear (that to NW with blocked window to N). Turnpike stair to E leading to No 451 (1st floor), room to S with painted ceiling (probably early 17th century), boards with barely visible arabesques, bird and animal heads on boards, and religious texts including "I will pay my dows unto the Lord" on beams (see Notes); W wall with roll-moulded and corniced stone fireplace with carved frieze, eroded initials "BW" and dated 1676, further stone (lintel?) above; carved and painted stone panel with arms of Charles II (see Notes). Room to rear with moulded cornice, timber panelling and moulded fireplace. No 453 (2nd floor) with corbelling and low, boarded timber door with iron hinges, small roll-moulded stone fireplace.

Nos 445-447 (W and centre bays) modernised. 2 stone stairs; upper floors with decorative plasterwork ornament to wallheads and soffits including thistles, fleur-de-lis, roses and grapevines; stone fireplace and wide cornice over door.

BOUNDARY WALLS: coped rubble boundary walls.

Statement of Special Interest

Reputedly the oldest building in Kirkcaldy with a house recorded on this site in 1460. Sailor's Walk, possibly originated as two dwellings of wealthy merchants or shipowners and was due for demolition in the late 1940s, but was taken over by the National Trust for Scotland and restored in the 1950s with additional funding from the Historic Buildings Council and public appeal. A fire (started by vandals) in 1994 caused charring and discoloration of the 1st floor painted ceiling.

At the time of The Inventory, the western house was derelict and the more easterly had tabled skews with scrolled skewputts, and two string courses crossed the gable. The panel bearing the Arms of Charles II was originally sited on the east elevation and is dated either 1662 (when Charles confirmed the Royal Charter of the town) or 1682. The principal room of the west house (with plasterwork decoration) has been known as 'The Queen Mary Room', possibly connected with Mary of Guise. Coming into single ownership in 1826, Sailor's Walk was known as Oliphant's House until the early 20th century.

References

Bibliography

MacGibbon and Ross THE CASTELLATED AND DOMESTIC ARCHITECTURE OF SCOTLAND (1887), Vol V, p34. INVENTORY 368(4). Scottish BURGH SURVEY, KIRKCALDY (1994), p61. Gifford FIFE (1992), p286. Kirkcaldy Civic Society HIGH STREET - PORT BRAE TO LINKTOWN CHURCH (1994). Lendrum KIRKCALDY'S OLDEST HOUSE (1934).

About Listed Buildings

Listing is the way that a building or structure of special architectural or historic interest is recognised by law through the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

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Printed: 18/11/2018 14:44