Listed Building

The only legal part of the listing is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing – see ‘About Listed Buildings’ below for more information.

ABERDOUR, ABERDOUR CASTLE DOVECOTLB3611

Status: Removed

Documents

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Summary

Category
A
Group Category Details
100000019 - See Notes
Date Added
02/05/1973
Date Removed:
17/04/2018
Local Authority
Fife
Planning Authority
Fife
Parish
Aberdour (Fife)
NGR
NT 19307 85400
Coordinates
319307, 685400

Removal Reason

The designation of this structure as a listed building will be removed as part of the Dual Designation 2A project. It will continue to be recognised as being of national importance through its designation as a scheduled monument.

Description

16th century, renovated 1990s. Circular beehive dovecot. Coursed rubble rising in 4 stages. Rat course to 1st stage, rat course/alighting ledge to remaining stages. Small entrance to N, weather table supported by square corbels above. Interior, walls built in converging rings, circular opening to roof. Five steps down to stone floor, foundation for potence visible, stone nesting boxes to full height, central flight hole.

Statement of Special Interest

NOTES: SCHEDULED ANCIENT MONUMENT. A-Group with Aberdour Castle, Aberdour Castle West Doorway, Aberdour Castle Walled Garden, Aberdour Sundial. The dovecot stands to the S of the castle and is first recorded in a charter of 1540. Of all the dovecots to be found in the parish (see separate listings), the distinctive beehive shape denotes its primacy as first in date. Beehive dovecots are usually squat in appearance, however this example is more elegant than most. The entrance is typically small for security and to minimise the potential of birds escaping. It is rather unusual that five steps lead down into the chamber, most tend to be on ground floor level. The floor shows signs of where the potence stood, being a revolving ladder providing access to the nesting boxes so that eggs and birds could be easily gathered. The beehive design was superseded in the 16th and 17th centuries by dovecots of square and rectangular plan, such examples can be found within the parish (see separate listings). Dovecots served not only as valuable sources of meat and manure they also acted as visible symbols of wealth and status. When the dovecot was surveyed in 1979 it was recorded that there were 597 stone nesting boxes. For further information see Aberdour Castle list description.

References

Bibliography

REFERENCES: 1st edition (Fife) Ordnance Survey map (1856). RCAHMS, INVENTORY OF MONUMENTS OF FIFE, KINROSS AND CLACKMANNAN (1933) p21. A Robertson, OLD DOVECOTES IN AND AROUND EDINBURGH in the old Edinburgh Club, Vol 25 (1945) pp146-203. M Apted, ABERDOUR CASTLE (1966) p20-21, 28-29. J Gifford, FIFE (1988) p64. U Robertson, PIGEONS AS A SOURCE OF FOOD IN 18th CENTURY SCOTLAND in review of Scottish Culture, No 4 (1988) pp89-103. T Buxbaum, SCOTTISH DOOCOTS (1992) pp1-32.

Historic Environment Scotland Properties

Aberdour Castle

https://www.historicenvironment.scot/visit-a-place/places/aberdour-castle-and-gardens

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Related Designations

  1. ABERDOUR CASTLEGDL00003

    Designation Type
    Garden & Designed Landscape
    Status
    Designated
  2. ABERDOUR, ABERDOUR CASTLE INCLUDING GARDEN TERRACES AND BOUNDARY WALLSLB6421

    Designation Type
    Listed Building (A)
    Status
    Removed
  3. ABERDOUR, ABERDOUR CASTLE SUNDIAL (FORMERLY AT ABERDOUR HOUSE)LB3637

    Designation Type
    Listed Building (A)
    Status
    Removed
  4. Aberdour CastleSM90002

    Designation Type
    Scheduled Monument
    Status
    Designated
  5. ABERDOUR, ABERDOUR CASTLE WEST GATEWAYLB3609

    Designation Type
    Listed Building (B)
    Status
    Removed
  6. ABERDOUR,ABERDOUR CASTLE WALLED GARDEN WITH SUNDIALLB3610

    Designation Type
    Listed Building (A)
    Status
    Removed

About Listed Buildings

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating sites and places at the national level. These designations are Scheduled monuments, Listed buildings, Inventory of gardens and designed landscapes and Inventory of historic battlefields.

We make recommendations to the Scottish Government about historic marine protected areas, and the Scottish Ministers decide whether to designate.

Listing is the process that identifies, designates and provides statutory protection for buildings of special architectural or historic interest as set out in the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings which are found to be of special architectural or historic interest using the selection guidance published in Designation Policy and Selection Guidance (2019)

Listed building records provide an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building which has been identified by its statutory address. The description and additional information provided are supplementary and have no legal weight.

These records are not definitive historical accounts or a complete description of the building(s). If part of a building is not described it does not mean it is not listed. The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site which is known as the statutory address. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing. Even if a number or name is missing from a listing address it will still be listed. Listing covers both the exterior and the interior and any object or structure fixed to the building. Listing also applies to buildings or structures not physically attached but which are part of the curtilage (or land) of the listed building as long as they were erected before 1 July 1948.

While Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating listed buildings, the planning authority is responsible for determining what is covered by the listing, including what is listed through curtilage. However, for listed buildings designated or for listings amended from 1 October 2015, legal exclusions to the listing may apply.

If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the 1997 Act. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect subsequent legislation.

Listed building consent is required for changes to a listed building which affect its character as a building of special architectural or historic interest. The relevant planning authority is the point of contact for applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at www.historicenvironment.scot/advice-and-support. You can contact us on 0131 668 8914 or at designations@hes.scot.

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