Listed Building

The only legal part of the listing is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing – see ‘About Listed Buildings’ below for more information.

BRIDGEGATE, TRINITY CHURCH, LATTERLY COMMUNITY CENTRE, WITH HALL, APPROACH WALL, PIERS AND RAILINGSLB35410

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Category
A
Date Added
14/04/1971
Local Authority
North Ayrshire
Planning Authority
North Ayrshire
Burgh
Irvine
NGR
NS 32030 38801
Coordinates
232030, 638801

Description

Frederick Thomas Pilkington, 1863. Romantic gothic (Venetian inspired) church with spire and adjoining hall, in compact, rippling plan on steeply falling ground by River Irvine. Bull-faced coursed rubble with contrasting stugged dressings and red sandstone ashlar band courses and alternating voussoirs. Hall distinguished by plainer treatment and absence of red sandstone. Pointed arch openings. Foliaceous carving, much-weathered in places. Steeply pitched stone finialled gables with polychrome 'sunburst' masonry and steep roofs.

W (ENTRANCE) ELEVATION: substantial battered gabled bay to right with tower and spire recessed to left and gabled porch in re-entrant angle. Stone porch on squat red sandstone column to NW with apparently uncarved block capital, and banded pier with leaf carving to right and sandstone cusping to arch; stone balcony to porch with indented trefoil motif; paired doors with heavy block capital overhanging central pier. Tower with heavy corner buttresses to squat 1st stage, battered with ashlar coping to polygonal stone spire with contrasting fishscale banding, corner pinnacles on red sandstone colonnettes with cusped arches, between steeply gabled lucarnes with pointed arch cusp- bipartite, louvred openings with quatrefoils in arch-heads. Gable to right symmetrical with loggia at ground comprised of broader, taller central arch on banded squat columns flanked by smaller paired openings each side with central red sandstone columns and decoratively carved contrasting capitals; 2 windows above with deeply recessed paired, cusped, windows with cinquefoils in gableheads and sawtooth coped ashlar steeply sloping cills. Italianate wheel window set in recessed pointed arch panel with squat capitalled colonnettes supporting corbelled arch, and decoratively carved ornament to boss and surround, and contrasting sandstone to spokes.

N ELEVATION: broad canted 'transept' projection to centre, with decorative bipartite to taller centre gable, decoratively corbelled to gablehead with vesica, 3-light, colonnetted window under eaves to left, and corbelled colonnettes to deep-set door in advanced stone doorpiece to left; tower to right with further colonnette-flanked door on return to E at ground; and North European style, polygonal 'bell-tower' with battered base, fishscale slates to polygonal roof with decoratively boarded shaft to polygonally capped bell chamber at apex. Hall beyond at right angles (see below).

S ELEVATION: canted elevation of opposing transept, with 2 bays of 3-light windows to right and taller gable breaking eaves to centre, detailed as opposite bays to N elevation, with further 3-light to left; bays beyond comprising return of steep W gable with irregular openings including entrance to loggia.

Some openings blinded. Plate glass glazing to windows without cases, direct into stone (after Alexander Thomson). Graded grey slates with fishscale to bell chamber roof. Boarded 2-leaf doors with distinctive Pilkingtonian scallop-carved detailing. Stone stacks to angle of E gable and to left flank of canted bays to S.

INTERIOR: high windows and centrally-oriented space articulated with

4 ornately carved stone columns (each different) supporting in-canted sections of rippling plan and finely carved capitals; fittings partly removed for use by community centre. Polychrome voussoirs to colonnette-mullioned openings and blind recesses. Plain shaped stone and decoratively carved corbels supporting fine open timber roof, barleysugar carving to queenposts. Chevron boarded doors and gallery front with barleysugar posts. Stained glass to wheel window.

HALL: gabled rectangular-plan hall adjoined to NE of church, with pyramidally-roofed, louvred birdcage bellcote to ridge. 3-light windows to SW elevation with gabled stone porch to left entered from left return, depressed arch doorway. Paired lancets to NW gable with cusped vesica in gablehead. Plate glass glazing. Stack to SE gablehead. Grey slates. Facetted barrel roof to interior.

WALLS, PIERS AND RAILINGS: sturdy, squat bull-faced stone piers flanking path up to church from Bridgegate with truncated pyramidal caps. Coped bull-faced wall lining path to church. Wrought-iron railings with floreate cast-iron (?) finials demarking stages.

Statement of Special Interest

Ecclesiastical building no longer in use as such. Latterly serving as multi-functional community centre, recently (1996) bought by Strathclyde Building Preservation Trust for restoration and suitable re-use. The Pilkington design shows the influence of Butterfield's polychromy and 'tent-roof' designs, and the carving applauded in Ruskin's publication, The Stones of Venice. As Close identifies, the soubriquet 'Rogue Gothic' is unquestionably appropriate here. A strong parallel in Pilkington's work can be found at the contemporary Barclay- Bruntsfield Church in Edinburgh.

References

Bibliography

Rob Close Ayrshire and Arran (1992), p57.

About Listed Buildings

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating sites and places at the national level. These designations are Scheduled monuments, Listed buildings, Inventory of gardens and designed landscapes and Inventory of historic battlefields.

We make recommendations to the Scottish Government about historic marine protected areas, and the Scottish Ministers decide whether to designate.

Listing is the process that identifies, designates and provides statutory protection for buildings of special architectural or historic interest as set out in the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings which are found to be of special architectural or historic interest using the selection guidance published in Designation Policy and Selection Guidance (2019)

Listed building records provide an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building which has been identified by its statutory address. The description and additional information provided are supplementary and have no legal weight.

These records are not definitive historical accounts or a complete description of the building(s). If part of a building is not described it does not mean it is not listed. The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site which is known as the statutory address. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing. Even if a number or name is missing from a listing address it will still be listed. Listing covers both the exterior and the interior and any object or structure fixed to the building. Listing also applies to buildings or structures not physically attached but which are part of the curtilage (or land) of the listed building as long as they were erected before 1 July 1948.

While Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating listed buildings, the planning authority is responsible for determining what is covered by the listing, including what is listed through curtilage. However, for listed buildings designated or for listings amended from 1 October 2015, legal exclusions to the listing may apply.

If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the 1997 Act. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect subsequent legislation.

Listed building consent is required for changes to a listed building which affect its character as a building of special architectural or historic interest. The relevant planning authority is the point of contact for applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at www.historicenvironment.scot/advice-and-support. You can contact us on 0131 668 8914 or at designations@hes.scot.

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