Listed Building

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site only. All other information in the record is not statutory.

2, 4 BANK STREET, THOMSON'S HOUSELB35090

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Category
A
Date Added
11/12/1972
Supplementary Information Updated
04/08/2004
Local Authority
Fife
Planning Authority
Fife
Burgh
Inverkeithing
NGR
NT 13042 82890
Coordinates
313042, 682890

Description

Dated 1617. 2-storey (3-storeys to rear), 4-bay traditional town house with 3-stage corbelled cap-house stair tower to SW corner, carved over-door pediment and window lintel panel. Circa 1966, single storey (2-storeys to rear), 3-bay extension to S. Harled; moulded stone margins; moulded eaves course to E and W.

W (PRINCIPAL) ELEVATION: timber boarded door at foot of stair tower to right, set within moulded architrave, carved pediment above inscribed and dated 'IT BT / EXCEPT THE / LORD BVLD [sic] THE HOVS THEY / LABOVR IN VAINE THAT BVILD/ IT. PSALM –- –17'; 3 unevenly spaced ground floor windows to right of door; arrow slit to right return. Window to second stage of stair tower, transomed and mullioned window to right return; 2 evenly spaced 1st floor windows to left. Plain stair tower gable head rising above roof line, window to left return, 2 windows to right return. Circa 1966 extension: recessed 2-storey link, garage door to ground floor, window above. Window and door to right return; 2 windows to single storey section at line of street.

S ELEVATION: adjoining No 8 Bank Street.

E (REAR) ELEVATION: 3-storey; 4-bay. Arched doorway to left; small ground floor window to right set under turnpike stair leading to door at 1st floor; 2 ground floor windows to right of stair. 3 pink polished granite columns (without capitals) to back garden.

N ELEVATION: adjoining Nos 9, 11, 13, 15, 17, 19 Townhall Street.

Predominantly 12-pane timber sash and case windows; leaded panes to transomed and mullioned window to stair tower. Pitched roof; pantiles to main house; concrete tiles to circa 1966 extension.

INTERIOR: stone turnpike stair to tower; stone architraves, pointed arches at foot of stair tower and to W kitchen extension (former main doorway revealing thick former outer wall); most original moulded stone fireplaces restored; early 18th century panelling to former reception rooms to rear including hearth dated '1617'; exposed timber beams.

Statement of Special Interest

This house, restored in 1964-1966 by former owner Peter J Findlay, is the best-preserved example of 17th century domestic burgh architecture in Inverkeithing and is a pre-eminent example of its type, similar to some of the best buildings in Culross (in particular The Study - see separate listing). Thomson's House consisted originally of a 2-storeyed oblong main block with a stair-wing at the south-west end, these parts forming the back and one end of a lean-to, to which a 3rd storey has been added (RCAHMS). The unusual lean-to roof is locally known as a 'toofall' and is also seen at Rosebery House (see separate listing).The 2-storey front section of the house to the left of the main door was also a later addition (date unknown). A merchant's mark and the initials IT and BT represent John Thomson, burgess, and his wife Bessie Thomsoun. Partially obscured, the inscription refers to Psalm 127. The extension to the S (circa 1966) replaced a gap site which was formerly the site of the Old Music Hall (erected circa 1859 and burnt 1957). The granite columns to the back garden are said to have come from one of the large insurance companies (now demolished) on Princes Street, Edinburgh.

References

Bibliography

1st edition Ordnance Survey map (1856). D MacGibbon, T Ross THE CASTELLATED AND DOMESTIC ARCHITECTURE OF SCOTLAND, VOL V (1892) pp30-31. Rev W Stephen HISTORY OF INVERKEITHING AND ROSYTH (1921) pp30-3. RCAHMS, INVENTORY: FIFE, KINROSS AND CLACKMANNANSHIRE (1933) pp158-159, Inv no 281.

About Listed Buildings

Listing is the way that a building or structure of special architectural or historic interest is recognised by law through the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings of special architectural or historic interest using the criteria published in the Historic Environment Scotland Policy Statement.

The statutory listing address is the legal part of the listing. The information in the listed building record gives an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building(s). It is not a definitive historical account or a complete description of the building(s). The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

Listing covers both the exterior and the interior. Listing can cover structures not mentioned which are part of the curtilage of the building, such as boundary walls, gates, gatepiers, ancillary buildings etc. The planning authority is responsible for advising on what is covered by the listing including the curtilage of a listed building. For information about curtilage see www.historicenvironment.scot. Since 1 October 2015 we have been able to exclude items from a listing. If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the Historic Environment Scotland Act 2014. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect current legislation.

If you want to alter, extend or demolish a listed building you need to contact your planning authority to see if you need listed building consent. The planning authority is the main point of contact for all applications for listed building consent.

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Printed: 16/11/2018 11:29