Listed Building

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site only. All other information in the record is not statutory.

BANK STREET, MERCAT CROSSLB35088

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Category
A
Date Added
11/12/1972
Supplementary Information Updated
17/05/2016
Local Authority
Fife
Planning Authority
Fife
Burgh
Inverkeithing
NGR
NT 13010 82872
Coordinates
313010, 682872

Description

16th century octagonal shaft (with replacement stone to middle). John Boyd, 1688, stepped octagonal capital with 4 heraldic shields (2 depicting Royal arms SE and SW; that facing NE depicting Douglas coat of arms; that to NW arms of Robert III and Annabella Drummond), enriched with roses; supporting cubical sundial; surmounted by unicorn bearing saltire. On modern stepped base with 20th century plaque to S.

Statement of Special Interest

This cross was moved to Townhall Street from the N end of the High Street in 1799; it was then later moved to its present site in 1974. RCAHMS correctly dates this cross to the 16th century. Stephen dates the cross to circa 1398. Likewise, an information plaque presented by the Showmen s Guild of Scotland dates the mercat cross circa 1400 and states that: "heraldic evidence indicates that this cross was erected around the time of the marriage of David, Duke of Rothesay, son of King Robert III and Queen Annabella Drummond to Marjorie, Daughter of the Earl of Douglas. The Unicorn finial was carved in 1688 by Mr John Boyd of South Queensferry to secure his admittance to the Inverkeithing Trades Guildry." Dials on market crosses became popular in the 17th century and other similar crosses were erected or altered at Airth, Peebles, and Doune (see separate listings) around this time. The cross has undergone restoration in the second half of the 20th century with a replacement stone for the shaft; the capital, sundial and unicorn have been re-painted.

Formerly a scheduled monument, scheduled on 17/11/1949 and descheduled 13/05/2016.

References

Bibliography

D MacGibbon, T Ross THE CASTELLATED AND DOMESTIC ARCHITECTURE OF SCOTLAND, VOL V (1892) pp395-396. Rev W Stephen HISTORY OF INVERKEITHING AND ROSYTH (1921) pp23-24. RCAHMS, INVENTORY: FIFE, KINROSS AND CLACKMANNANSHIRE (1933) p159, Inv no 285. Information plaque.

About Listed Buildings

Listing is the way that a building or structure of special architectural or historic interest is recognised by law through the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings of special architectural or historic interest using the criteria published in the Historic Environment Scotland Policy Statement.

The statutory listing address is the legal part of the listing. The information in the listed building record gives an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building(s). It is not a definitive historical account or a complete description of the building(s). The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

Listing covers both the exterior and the interior. Listing can cover structures not mentioned which are part of the curtilage of the building, such as boundary walls, gates, gatepiers, ancillary buildings etc. The planning authority is responsible for advising on what is covered by the listing including the curtilage of a listed building. For information about curtilage see www.historicenvironment.scot. Since 1 October 2015 we have been able to exclude items from a listing. If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the Historic Environment Scotland Act 2014. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect current legislation.

If you want to alter, extend or demolish a listed building you need to contact your planning authority to see if you need listed building consent. The planning authority is the main point of contact for all applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at www.historicenvironment.scot. You can contact us on 0131 668 8716 or at designations@hes.scot.

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Printed: 16/12/2018 00:54