Listed Building

The only legal part of the listing is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing – see ‘About Listed Buildings’ below for more information.


Status: Designated


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Date Added
Local Authority
Dumfries And Galloway
Planning Authority
Dumfries And Galloway
NX 58420 60419
258420, 560419


Early 16th century. Simple rectangular towerhouse. 4-storey

with attics, double-height vaulted ground floor with timber

mezzanine. Some time in the 17th century a 2-storey and attic

addition was made to the N wall with a slapping at ground,

the shell of this wing was demolished circa 1974 prior to

much restoration and alteration work being done to the tower.

Rubble walling with squared quoins, mainly simply chamfered

openings to smallish irregularly placed windows. The lintel

mouldings of the windows are unusual being projecting and

splayed, possibly as rainwater protection.

The main entrance is to the E wall, a checked- back depressed

arch doorway with joggled voussoirs. Over the door an

heraldic panel, rather weathered, with 2 shields, the upper

supported by 2 unicorns, the Royal arms of Scotland; the

other much worn but apparently those of the Gordon family,

and dated 65, presumably for 1565. A further opening has

been formed circa 1974, a large depressed arch garage door,

opened from the connecting door of the now demolished N wing.

The intra-mural newel stair runs the full-height of the tower

in the SE angle, rising to a crowstepped cap house. Corbelled machicolated parapet with projecting rainwater spouts.

Saddle-back roof with crowsteps and beak skewputts, tall

coped end stacks.

Statement of Special Interest

Rusko is an important example of a simple rectangular plan

towerhouse which is comparatively sophisticated in its use of

intramural chambers. The mouldings of the window lintels and

the joggle-voussoired door are unusual.



Inv 9. MacGibbon and Ross, Castellated and Domestic

Architecture vol III, p.213. P H McKerlie, LANDS AND THEIR


About Listed Buildings

Listing is the way that a building or structure of special architectural or historic interest is recognised by law through the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings of special architectural or historic interest using the criteria published in the Historic Environment Scotland Policy Statement.

The information in the listed building record gives an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building(s). It is not a definitive historical account or a complete description of the building(s). The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

The only legal part of the listing is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing and if a number or name is missing from a listing address it may still be listed. Listing covers both the exterior and the interior and any object or structure fixed to the building. Listing can also cover structures not physically attached but which are part of the curtilage of the building, such as boundary walls, gates, gatepiers, ancillary buildings etc. The planning authority is responsible for advising on what is covered by the listing including the curtilage of a listed building. Since 1 October 2015 we have been able to exclude items from a listing. If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the Historic Environment Scotland Act 2014. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect current legislation.

If you want to alter, extend or demolish a listed building you need to contact your planning authority to see if you need listed building consent. The planning authority advises on the need for listed building consent and they also decide what a listing covers. The planning authority is the main point of contact for all applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at You can contact us on 0131 668 8716 or at


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Printed: 23/03/2019 04:45