Listed Building

The only legal part of the listing is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing – see ‘About Listed Buildings’ below for more information.

RUSCO TOWERLB3299

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Category
A
Date Added
04/11/1971
Local Authority
Dumfries And Galloway
Planning Authority
Dumfries And Galloway
Parish
Anwoth
NGR
NX 58420 60419
Coordinates
258420, 560419

Description

Early 16th century. Simple rectangular towerhouse. 4-storey

with attics, double-height vaulted ground floor with timber

mezzanine. Some time in the 17th century a 2-storey and attic

addition was made to the N wall with a slapping at ground,

the shell of this wing was demolished circa 1974 prior to

much restoration and alteration work being done to the tower.

Rubble walling with squared quoins, mainly simply chamfered

openings to smallish irregularly placed windows. The lintel

mouldings of the windows are unusual being projecting and

splayed, possibly as rainwater protection.

The main entrance is to the E wall, a checked- back depressed

arch doorway with joggled voussoirs. Over the door an

heraldic panel, rather weathered, with 2 shields, the upper

supported by 2 unicorns, the Royal arms of Scotland; the

other much worn but apparently those of the Gordon family,

and dated 65, presumably for 1565. A further opening has

been formed circa 1974, a large depressed arch garage door,

opened from the connecting door of the now demolished N wing.

The intra-mural newel stair runs the full-height of the tower

in the SE angle, rising to a crowstepped cap house. Corbelled machicolated parapet with projecting rainwater spouts.

Saddle-back roof with crowsteps and beak skewputts, tall

coped end stacks.

Statement of Special Interest

Rusko is an important example of a simple rectangular plan

towerhouse which is comparatively sophisticated in its use of

intramural chambers. The mouldings of the window lintels and

the joggle-voussoired door are unusual.

References

Bibliography

Inv 9. MacGibbon and Ross, Castellated and Domestic

Architecture vol III, p.213. P H McKerlie, LANDS AND THEIR

OWNERS IN GALLOWAY, vol III, p.47.

About Listed Buildings

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating sites and places at the national level. These designations are Scheduled monuments, Listed buildings, Inventory of gardens and designed landscapes and Inventory of historic battlefields.

We make recommendations to the Scottish Government about historic marine protected areas, and the Scottish Ministers decide whether to designate.

Listing is the process that identifies, designates and provides statutory protection for buildings of special architectural or historic interest as set out in the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings which are found to be of special architectural or historic interest using the selection guidance published in Designation Policy and Selection Guidance (2019)

Listed building records provide an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building which has been identified by its statutory address. The description and additional information provided are supplementary and have no legal weight.

These records are not definitive historical accounts or a complete description of the building(s). If part of a building is not described it does not mean it is not listed. The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site which is known as the statutory address. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing. Even if a number or name is missing from a listing address it will still be listed. Listing covers both the exterior and the interior and any object or structure fixed to the building. Listing also applies to buildings or structures not physically attached but which are part of the curtilage (or land) of the listed building as long as they were erected before 1 July 1948.

While Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating listed buildings, the planning authority is responsible for determining what is covered by the listing, including what is listed through curtilage. However, for listed buildings designated or for listings amended from 1 October 2015, legal exclusions to the listing may apply.

If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the 1997 Act. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect subsequent legislation.

Listed building consent is required for changes to a listed building which affect its character as a building of special architectural or historic interest. The relevant planning authority is the point of contact for applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at www.historicenvironment.scot/advice-and-support. You can contact us on 0131 668 8914 or at designations@hes.scot.

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