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Listed Building

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site only. All other information in the record is not statutory.

Glasgow Cathedral, excluding scheduled monument SM90150, 70 Cathedral Square, GlasgowLB32654

Status: Designated

Documents

There are no additional online documents for this record.

Summary

Information

  • Category: A
  • Date Added: 15/12/1970
  • Last Date Amended: 30/06/2017

Location

  • Local Authority: Glasgow
  • Planning Authority: Glasgow
  • Burgh: Glasgow

National Grid Reference

  • NGR: NS 60248 65577
  • Coordinates: 260248, 665577

Description

The building history of this great cathedral is long and complex with at least four or five campaigns of building from the early 12th century to the early 14th century by which time the main body of the cathedral was complete. The spire and Blackadder aisle were not completed in their present form before the 15th century. A new cathedral to serve the diocese of Glasgow was begun circa 1118 and consecrated in 1136. A further series of building works took place in the 1180s prior to its second consecration in 1197. Fragments of this early building survive in the southeast part of the crypt. The major campaigns of building for the present cathedral began around 1200, but by 1240 a new and grander layout was adopted and work on the crypt and choir begun. Also at this time work started on the Blackadder aisle, only to be abandoned until completion by Archbishop Blackadder between 1483 and 1508. The last decades of the 13th century saw building work restart on the nave, the choir being complete by that date. In the early years of the 15th century a serious fire damaged the chapter house necessitating extensive repairs, and destroyed the original timber spire. This was rebuilt in stone by the mid-15th century.

Though surviving the Reformation in a virtually intact state, despite internal subdivision to form three parish churches, the cathedral had its most significant alteration in the 19th century. The two symmetrical towers flanking the west end were demolished 1846-8, and the great west window (first opened by David Hamilton in 1812) recast by Edward Blore. By the mid-19th century the interior was returned to its unified state with many new fittings, completing work begun in the choir by William Stark in 1805.

INTERIOR: Many very high quality monuments and tombs survive.

STAINED GLASS: between 1936 and 1967 the whole nave and choir were fitted out with stained glass windows by Scottish and British artists replacing the mid-19th century glass designed by the Royal Bavarian Stained Glass Company; only a few small lights from this scheme survive in the sacristy and southwest porch. A full description of the building history of the cathedral is found in the Official HMSO Guidebook.

BOUNDARY WALLS AND RAILINGS: Cast-iron spearhead railings and coped walls define boundaries to graveyard. Many good tombs and monuments dating from the 17th century, some set into boundary walls.

In accordance with Section 1 (4A) of the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997 the following is excluded from the listing: scheduled monument SM90150.

Statement of Special Interest

Ecclesiastical Building in use as such. Guardianship Monument. The cathedral is dedicated to St Kentigern or Mungo, his tomb is in the crypt. Statutory address and listed building record updated in 2017.

References

Bibliography

Eyre-Todd, G. (Ed) (1898) The Book of Glasgow Cathedral. Glasgow: Morison Brothers.

Fawcett, R. (1985) Glasgow Cathedral. Edinburgh: HMSO.

Fawcett, R. (1985) The Blackadder Aisle at Glasgow Cathedral. Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries Scotland. Vol 115. p277-289.

Forsyth, G. (1987) Glasgow Cathedral Stained Glass.

Gomme , A. and Walker, D. (1987) Architecture of Glasgow. London: Lund Humphries. p15-39.

Historic Environment Scotland Properties

Canmore

About Designations

Listed Buildings

Listing is the way that a building or structure of special architectural or historic interest is recognised by law through the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings of special architectural or historic interest using the criteria published in the Historic Environment Scotland Policy Statement.

The statutory listing address is the legal part of the listing. The information in the listed building record gives an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building(s). It is not a definitive historical account or a complete description of the building(s). The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

Listing covers both the exterior and the interior. Listing can cover structures not mentioned which are part of the curtilage of the building, such as boundary walls, gates, gatepiers, ancillary buildings etc. The planning authority is responsible for advising on what is covered by the listing including the curtilage of a listed building. For information about curtilage see www.historicenvironment.scot. Since 1 October 2015 we have been able to exclude items from a listing. If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the Historic Environment Scotland Act 2014. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect current legislation.

If you want to alter, extend or demolish a listed building you need to contact your planning authority to see if you need listed building consent. The planning authority is the main point of contact for all applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at www.historicenvironment.scot. You can contact us on 0131 668 8716 or at designations@hes.scot.

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Printed: 14/12/2017 02:29