Listed Building

The only legal part of the listing is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing – see ‘About Listed Buildings’ below for more information.


Status: Designated


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Date Added
Local Authority
Planning Authority
NJ 75083 7846
375083, 807846


Mansion round courtyard with outer court to N., and S.

terraced garden. Originally John Smith 1820 Neo-Greek

2-storey basement and attic square block with Greek-doric

porch and bow, both features now removed. Incorporated at

S.E. corner of large 2-storey and basement Italianate

mansion, William Smith 1859 (south side of present court),

2-storey coursed granite with bay windows and top parapet,

balustraded at bays, handsome 4-storey tower. Porte-cochere

at E. end removed, alterations and additions to E end

of Smith house, library, new courtyard entrance tower

containing staircase, and chapel added to form court George

Edmund Street 1877, French-Italian Romanesque. New dining

room, conservatory, and other additions, new windows to

court in Smith building G. Bennet Mitchell 1900.

Conservatory removed, extensive additions comprising

boilerhouse wing, gates and lodges N.W. and N.E. terraces

loggia gazebo etc. interior alterations and additions Sir

Aston Webb 1913-20. Bennet Mitchell's dining room removed,

internal alterations and Webb's diagonal screen wall to

court removed, Dunecht estate office 1950s.

Interior:- Smith staircase large square toplit and round-arched,

cove and panels painted in Raphaelesque manner by Italian

artists c. 1860 with additions 1900; Long gallery (W.

Smith) 100' x 16' compartmented ceiling, centre

Chimneypiece at W. end marble, G.E. Street; Entrance tower

and staircase (Street) 20' dia. open centre well with 47

colonnettes, vaulted at top. Library and drawing room have

English Jacobean woodwork (with marquetry panels) and

plasterwork installed c. 1920, Billiard Room English 15th

century screen with gallery, chimneypiece and panelling.

Library (G.E. Street, now ballroom) 120' x 27' x 40, arched

ceiling, iron galleries, reading room off, rich scheme of

decoration, Lunette by James Pryde. Chapel (Street)

100' x 34' x 50' with vaulted apse, waggon roof and N.E.

chapel. Stalls (Street 1877) inlaid walnut from Florence,

additional woodwork Dr. Kelly, 16th century panelling in N.E.


Statement of Special Interest

The 1859 and 1877-81 additions and alterations were

carried out for the 25th Earl of Crawford and Balcarres

(1812-80) and continued by his son the 26th earl.

Work was suspended in 1881 after the theft of the body of

the 25th earl and the estate advertised for sale in 1886,

but was not sold;. at that date the library was still not

occupied, the long gallery chimneypiece not assembled and

the chapel floor incomplete. In 1900 it was sold to A.C.

Pirie of Craibstone who employed G. Bennet Mitchell (then

of the architectural department of Davidson and Garden

Advocates) to design addition to the house and an

extensive scheme of estate, improvement comprising new

cottages at Echt and Dunecht (then Waterton). In 1907 it

was let to Lord Cowdray who purchased the estate outright

in 1912 commissioning Sir Aston Webb to make extensive

additions in 1913-20. Further alterations were made

internally by Dr. Kelly c. 1924-32.



Smith plans for 1820 house (undated) at estate office;

accounts National Monuments Record Lithograph of 1859

state, no plans.

No plans for Street additions, but refs in A.P.S.D. and

Sale catalogue 1886 and 1912 Plans for Webb, Kelly, and

Estate office alterations at Estate office.

N.S.A. v. XII p. 738 3 S.A. p. 191 Aberdeen Press and Journal

July 2nd 1900.

Derek Hudson, James Pryde.

About Listed Buildings

Listing is the way that a building or structure of special architectural or historic interest is recognised by law through the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings of special architectural or historic interest using the criteria published in the Historic Environment Scotland Policy Statement.

The information in the listed building record gives an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building(s). It is not a definitive historical account or a complete description of the building(s). The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

The only legal part of the listing is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing and if a number or name is missing from a listing address it may still be listed. Listing covers both the exterior and the interior and any object or structure fixed to the building. Listing can also cover structures not physically attached but which are part of the curtilage of the building, such as boundary walls, gates, gatepiers, ancillary buildings etc. The planning authority is responsible for advising on what is covered by the listing including the curtilage of a listed building. Since 1 October 2015 we have been able to exclude items from a listing. If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the Historic Environment Scotland Act 2014. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect current legislation.

If you want to alter, extend or demolish a listed building you need to contact your planning authority to see if you need listed building consent. The planning authority advises on the need for listed building consent and they also decide what a listing covers. The planning authority is the main point of contact for all applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at You can contact us on 0131 668 8716 or at


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