Listed Building

The only legal part of the listing under the Planning (Listing Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997 is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing – see 'About Listed Buildings' below for more information. The further details below the 'Address/Name of Site' are provided for information purposes only.

Address/Name of Site

100-104 (EVEN NOS) GEORGE STREET AND 35 CASTLE STREET, PEARL ASSURANCE BUILDINGLB30272

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Category
B
Date Added
15/11/1991
Local Authority
Edinburgh
Planning Authority
Edinburgh
Burgh
Edinburgh
NGR
NT 24979 73915
Coordinates
324979, 673915

Description

Alfred George Lochhead, 1924-5; alterations and additions by Basil Spence, 1937-8; and at ground by James Davidson & Son of Coatbridge, 1956. Restrained early Modern Movement steel-framed commercial building on corner site. 4-storey and attic. Cream polished ashlar, black (base course) and red granite at ground. Splayed entrance bay at corner (altered 1937); doorcase of red and black polished ashlar with raised Egyptian detail; 1st floor window with rusticated architrave; 2nd floor window architraved and consoled with Lorimerian scrolled pediment; at 3rd floor cill course and square window; multi-pane sash and case glazing.

GEORGE STREET ELEVATION: symmetrical 9-bay; 5 E bays by Spence. Recessed bay to left. At ground, canopied entrance at centre flanked by polished black granite pilasters; large square windows. 1st floor cill course. 1st and 2nd floors united by ashlar mullions; metal cladding between floors; bronze lettering (1956). 3rd floor with short paired windows with chamfered mullions (altered 1937). Cornice and blocking course. Recessed glazed attic with chamfered piers (1937).

CASTLE STREET ELEVATION: 4-bay. 3 N bays detailed as above; S bay recessed, single window to each floor (altered 1937).

Modern metal windows to 1st and 2nd floors on main elevations; narrow horizontal upper pane divided into 8 smaller vertical panes; altered multi-pane casements at attic (originally 6-pane).

INTERIOR: not seen 1995.

Statement of Special Interest

Formerly Cleghorn?s Department Store. Lochhead?s early designs of 1902 were not approved. Lochhead was apprenticed to Ross & McMillan in Canada, and their influence can be detected, as well as that of J J Burnet, and Robert Lorimer. Originally plate glass shopfronts at ground.

References

Bibliography

Dean of Guild plans 1902 (missing), June/November 1924, 1956. NMRS photo of original design; Lochhead deposit neg no B50337. Gifford, McWilliam and Walker EDINBURGH (1988) p305. C McKean SCOTTISH THIRTIES (1987) p71.

About Listed Buildings

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating sites and places at the national level. These designations are Scheduled monuments, Listed buildings, Inventory of gardens and designed landscapes and Inventory of historic battlefields.

We make recommendations to the Scottish Government about historic marine protected areas, and the Scottish Ministers decide whether to designate.

Listing is the process that identifies, designates and provides statutory protection for buildings of special architectural or historic interest as set out in the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings which are found to be of special architectural or historic interest using the selection guidance published in Designation Policy and Selection Guidance (2019)

Listed building records provide an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building which has been identified by its statutory address. The description and additional information provided are supplementary and have no legal weight.

These records are not definitive historical accounts or a complete description of the building(s). If part of a building is not described it does not mean it is not listed. The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site which is known as the statutory address. Other than the name or address of a listed building, further details are provided for information purposes only. Historic Environment Scotland does not accept any liability for any loss or damage suffered as a consequence of inaccuracies in the information provided. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing. Even if a number or name is missing from a listing address it will still be listed. Listing covers both the exterior and the interior and any object or structure fixed to the building. Listing also applies to buildings or structures not physically attached but which are part of the curtilage (or land) of the listed building as long as they were erected before 1 July 1948.

While Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating listed buildings, the planning authority is responsible for determining what is covered by the listing, including what is listed through curtilage. However, for listed buildings designated or for listings amended from 1 October 2015, legal exclusions to the listing may apply.

If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the 1997 Act. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect subsequent legislation.

Listed building consent is required for changes to a listed building which affect its character as a building of special architectural or historic interest. The relevant planning authority is the point of contact for applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at www.historicenvironment.scot/advice-and-support. You can contact us on 0131 668 8914 or at designations@hes.scot.

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