Listed Building

The only legal part of the listing is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing – see ‘About Listed Buildings’ below for more information.

1-11 (INCLUSIVE NOS) WEMYSS PLACE, INCLUDING RAILINGSLB29901

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Category
A
Group Category Details
100000019 - see notes
Date Added
14/12/1970
Local Authority
Edinburgh
Planning Authority
Edinburgh
Burgh
Edinburgh
NGR
NT 24805 74083
Coordinates
324805, 674083

Description

James Gillespie Graham, designed 1822, built circa 1833-34, with alterations circa 1847. 31-bay symmetrical classical palace block, stepped down to N, comprising advanced 4-storey and basement, 9-bay central pavilion, with central 3 bays advanced again, flanked by pair of 3-storey and basement, 6-bay linking blocks, flanked in turn by pair of 4-storey and basement, 5-bay terminal pavilions. Polished ashlar sandstone with channelled rustication at principal floor, polished at principal floor of S terminal pavilion. Base course; band course between basement and principal floor; corniced frieze at impost level at terminal pavilions; cill courses at 1st and 2nd floors of linking blocks; cornice and blocking course at 2nd floors of linking blocks; cornice at 2nd floor of central and terminal pavilions; cornice and blocking course at 3rd floors of central and terminal pavilions. Ashlar steps and entrance platts oversailing basements.

E (PRINCIPAL) ELEVATION, CENTRAL PAVILION: central pavilion, surmounted by coped balustraded parapet with geometric balusters and regular arrangement of panelled dies; Doric pilasters flanking bays at 1st and 2nd floors, panelled pilasters flanking bays at 3rd floor. Round-arched pend centred at principal floor, flanked by square Doric column porches, with panelled keystone motif, surmounted by dentilled cornices. Panelled 2-leaf timber doors centred in porches, with panelled timber blind semicircular fanlights; windows in remaining bays at principal floor; regular fenestration to floors above, with round arched windows at 2nd floor, blind windows at 3rd floor, with recessed panels. Flagged basement area. Pend with cornice at impost level; cobbled floor, with pall stones; low, coped wall to principal elevation, with railings.

E ELEVATION, LINKING BLOCKS: pair of 6-bay linking blocks, comprising 4 3-bay houses. 4-panel, 2-leaf timber doors with rectangular fanlights in bays to left at Nos 4, 5 and 10, in bay to right at No 9; plate glass fanlights at Nos 4 and 5, rectilinear design fanlights at Nos 9 and 10. Windows in remaining bays at principal floor, regular fenestration to floors above; architraved windows with cornices at 1st floor, architraved windows at 2nd floor. Double entrance platts to Nos 9 and 10. Flagged basement area.

E ELEVATION, TERMINAL PAVILIONS: pair of 5-bay terminal pavilions; Doric pilasters flanking bays at 1st and 2nd floors, panelled pilasters flanking bays at 3rd floor. Terminal pavilion to left (Nos 1-3) with 3-bay shop front to left at principal floor, comprising panelled door with recessed modern glazed timber door and radial semicircular fanlight, in penultimate bay from left, flanked by plate glass windows with radial semicircular fanlights, in round-arched recesses. 2-bay shop front to right at principal floor, comprising 2-leaf vertically-boarded timber door, with 2-leaf decorative wrought-iron gate and radial semicircular fanlight, in penultimate bay from right plate glass window in bay to outer right, with radial semicircular fanlight, in round-arched recess. Regular fenestration to floors above. Terminal pavilion to right (No 11) comprising 4-panel timber door with radial semicircular fanlight, centred at principal floor; windows in round-arched recesses in remaining bays at principal floor; regular fenestration to floors above. Flagged basement areas.

ALBYN PLACE RETURN TO S TERMINAL PAVILION: 5-bay, becoming 1 Albyn Place (see separate listing).

DARNAWAY STREET RETURN TO N TERMINAL PAVILION:

4-bay, becoming 2 Darnaway Street (see separate listing).

REAR ELEVATION: not seen, 1998.

Variety of timber sash and case windows. Grey slate roofs; 3-window slate-hung box dormer to No 5, slate-hung box dormer to No 10. Cast-iron rainwater goods. Broached ashlar ridge and wallhead stacks, some with cornices; coped, with circular cans.

INTERIORS: not seen, 1998; evidence of working panelled shutters.

RAILINGS: ashlar copes surmounted by cast-iron railings with spear-headed and pineapple finials.

Statement of Special Interest

Part of the Edinburgh New Town A Group, a significant surviving part of one of the most important and best preserved examples of urban planning in Britain. The Moray Estate was designed for the 10th Earl of Moray (1771-1848). He inherited the 13 acre site from his father, after it was acquired from the Heriot Trust in 1782, and decided to feu the property for development in 1822. The complicated plan with the crescent, oval and polygon of Randolph Crescent, Ainslie Place and Moray Place respectively, conjoins the New Town with the Second New Town. Building was completed in 1830-31.

Nos 1-11 Wemyss Place was largely built in 1833-4. The central pavilion was originally Straiton House; George Smith's design of 1832 included a bazaar and gallery, altered in 1847 for the Free St Stephen's congregation, by J T Rochead, when the columned porches, round-arched 2nd floor windows and balustraded parapet were probably added.

References

Bibliography

Gifford, McWilliam and Walker, EDINBURGH (1984), p357; MacRae Heritors 38.

About Listed Buildings

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating sites and places at the national level. These designations are Scheduled monuments, Listed buildings, Inventory of gardens and designed landscapes and Inventory of historic battlefields.

We make recommendations to the Scottish Government about historic marine protected areas, and the Scottish Ministers decide whether to designate.

Listing is the process that identifies, designates and provides statutory protection for buildings of special architectural or historic interest as set out in the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings which are found to be of special architectural or historic interest using the selection guidance published in Designation Policy and Selection Guidance (2019)

Listed building records provide an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building which has been identified by its statutory address. The description and additional information provided are supplementary and have no legal weight.

These records are not definitive historical accounts or a complete description of the building(s). If part of a building is not described it does not mean it is not listed. The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site which is known as the statutory address. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing. Even if a number or name is missing from a listing address it will still be listed. Listing covers both the exterior and the interior and any object or structure fixed to the building. Listing also applies to buildings or structures not physically attached but which are part of the curtilage (or land) of the listed building as long as they were erected before 1 July 1948.

While Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating listed buildings, the planning authority is responsible for determining what is covered by the listing, including what is listed through curtilage. However, for listed buildings designated or for listings amended from 1 October 2015, legal exclusions to the listing may apply.

If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the 1997 Act. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect subsequent legislation.

Listed building consent is required for changes to a listed building which affect its character as a building of special architectural or historic interest. The relevant planning authority is the point of contact for applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at www.historicenvironment.scot/advice-and-support. You can contact us on 0131 668 8914 or at designations@hes.scot.

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