Listed Building

The only legal part of the listing is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing – see ‘About Listed Buildings’ below for more information.

1-21 (ODD NOS) WATERLOO PLACE AND 1-3 LEITH STREET, 16 CALTON ROAD AND 7 REGENT ARCH PLACE, INCLUDING WATERLOO BUFFETLB29895

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Category
A
Group Category Details
100000019 - (see NOTES)
Date Added
19/04/1966
Local Authority
Edinburgh
Planning Authority
Edinburgh
Burgh
Edinburgh
NGR
NT 25942 74060
Coordinates
325942, 674060

Description

Archibald Elliot, designed 1815, built 1819. Classical building on corner site with symmetrical elevations, 26 bays to Waterloo Place, 4 bays to Leith Street, 4 bays facing Princes Street; 2-storey tetrastyle Ionic portico to 1st floor facing Princes Street (see Notes); 3 storeys to Waterloo Place and Leith Street (attic floors to advanced pavilions); 4-storey substructure. Polished ashlar (some sections painted to ground floor), rubble to rear. Slightly advanced base course; cill band to 1st floor, dividing band between 1st and 2nd floors; eaves course and cornice; balustraded parapet. Giant pilasters dividing bays to 1st floors of advanced pavilions. Round arched openings to ground floor; recessed aprons to windows. Regularly fenestrated.

S (WATERLOO PLACE) ELEVATION: long palace range with advanced pavilions to centre, outer right and left (3 bays to left, 3 bays to right and 6 bays to centre).

W ELEVATION: slightly advanced 3-bay pavilion to right with fluted giant Ionic columns at 1st floor supporting pediment. Single bay to left with door to ground floor.

Predominantly 12-pane glazing to upper floors; 9 pane upper sashes and 4-pane lower in timber sash-and-case windows to ground floor to Waterloo Place, modern glazing to Leith Walk. Platform roofs; grey slate. Corniced stone stacks situated at wallheads to each side of advanced pavilions.

INTERIOR OF WATERLOO BUFFET: Edwardian decorative scheme. High compartmented ceiling to ground floor room with deeply moulded cornice and scrolled brackets with foliate decoration. Timber boarding to dado height. Timber panelled shallow U-shaped counter with reeded pilasters. Ceiling-height gantry with central pointed and flanking segmental-arched pediments and mirrors behind slender turned columns; decorative cornice with fretted edge; spirit casks. Access to upper floor from separate outer door (and through bar) via timber stair to lounge with long timber bar counter with decorative arched panelling and two semi-circular bowed projections.

Statement of Special Interest

Part of an 'A' Group with Nos 6-20 Waterloo Place, Nos 1-29 Waterloo Place, Waverleygate, Regent Bridge, Register House, Balmoral Hotel and 5-43 Leith Street. The paired porticos of the west facing elevations of Waterloo Place are a highly significant element of the vista up Princes Street towards Calton Hill and the east. They were designed to create the effect of a prestigious triumphal exit, the effect of which is enhanced by the consistent grandeur of the palace-fronts lining both sides of Waterloo Place itself. Waterloo Place is also a major example of the Greek Revival work of Archibald Elliot, one of Edinburgh's leading architects in the early 19th century.

The elegance and consistent design of the scheme of buildings which line both sides of Waterloo Place are the result of an ambitious scheme to create a more direct and convenient access route at the east end of Princes Street. A plan to form an access to Calton Hill from the east end of Princes Street had been suggested as early as 1790 (probably by John Paterson, Robert Adam's clerk of works). However, at the time it was thought to be impracticable due to the difficulties of gaining permission to disturb the Calton Burying Ground, and the expense involved in acquiring and demolishing the properties which stood on the new route, especially those which formed a line across the east end of Princes Street.

By 1813, two major new developments made the new route a viable necessity. Firstly, in 1811-12, plans had begun to be formed for the construction of a magnificent New Town to the east, the centre piece of which was to be a development on the east side of Calton Hill. Secondly, in 1814, an Act was passed which designated the south slopes of Calton Hill as the location of the new national gaol. Access to Calton Hill at this time was circuitous and difficult, culminating in the steep, narrow, winding street also named Calton Hill.

Acts of 1813 and 1814 appointed commissioners to oversee the construction of the new bridge and road over the Low Calton ravine, and instructed the acquisition of the necessary properties and the intersection of the Calton Burying Ground. In January 1815 Robert Stevenson was appointed as engineer for the scheme. By December 1815, Archibald Elliot's designs for the buildings and bridge had been chosen over those of Gillespie Graham and Crichton, and Elliot was appointed as architect for the scheme. Stevenson himself had submitted a report which stressed the desirability of retaining the spectacular views to the north and south which would be gained from the bridge. Elliot's final design accorded with Stevenson's views; no properties were built on the bridge itself. The contract for the bridge was signed in the summer of 1816, and construction duly commenced. Feuing of the building plots began in July 1817, and later in the year a Mr Peter Lorimer bought all the lots. This ensured the consistent and faithful execution of Elliot's scheme.

Designed to provide commercial/retail space at ground floor and residential accommodation above, the buildings at 1-21 Waterloo Place are now mostly in commercial and office use. By the later 19th century, 3-7 Waterloo Place had become a public house, and is still in use as such. Around the same period, Nos 15-19 were in use as a Temperance Hotel.

The Waterloo Buffet is a small bar but has notable plasterwork and a fine high gantry.

In the mid-19th century No 3 Waterloo Place was run as a hotel and the adjacent shop at No 5 was a confectioner's. In about 1864 William Sutherland, wine and spirit merchant, had acquired the property and his business was successful enough to enable him to live in the New Town. From at least the early 1880s George Stewart, also a wine and spirit merchant, ran the business. By 1889 Malcolm Urquhart had taken it over and he remained there in business until the early years of the 20th century. He was probably responsible for the appearance of the pub as we see it today, extending the public house to include number 7 as well as 3 and 5 which were run as the bar during Stewart's tenancy, and re-fitting the interior.

No architect has yet been identified for the Edwardian refitting of the pub as the Dean of Guild plans are missing.

List description updated as part of the Public Houses Thematic Study 2007-08.

References

Bibliography

Appears on Thomas Brown's map, 1823. M S Irvine, HISTORICAL NOTES - THE CALTON OR CALDTOUN OF EDINBURGH, 1631-1887 (Cowan Bequest, Edinburgh Room, Edinburgh Central Library). Edinburgh Post Office Directories circa 1860-1904. Plans and elevations PETITION OF THE EDINBURGH AND LEITH CORPORATION GAS COMMISIONERS Dean of Guild Records 1908 Edinburgh City Archives. THE BOOK OF THE OLD EDINBURGH CLUB 1933 pp134-5. A.J. Youngson, THE MAKING OF CLASSICAL EDINBURGH (1966) pp135-148. T Shepherd MODERN ATHENS (1969). I. Nimmo EDINBURGH THE NEW TOWN (1991) pp 63-64. Gifford, McWilliam and Walker EDINBURGH (1994) pp 442-443. A Mitchell THE PEOPLE OF CALTON HILL (1993). H Colvin DICTIONARY OF BRITISH ARCHITECTS 1600-1840 (1995). Michael Slaughter (Ed.), SCOTLAND'S TRUE HERITAGE PUBS: PUB INTERIORS OF SPECIAL HISTORIC INTEREST (2007), p53.

About Listed Buildings

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating sites and places at the national level. These designations are Scheduled monuments, Listed buildings, Inventory of gardens and designed landscapes and Inventory of historic battlefields.

We make recommendations to the Scottish Government about historic marine protected areas, and the Scottish Ministers decide whether to designate.

Listing is the process that identifies, designates and provides statutory protection for buildings of special architectural or historic interest as set out in the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings which are found to be of special architectural or historic interest using the selection guidance published in Designation Policy and Selection Guidance (2019)

Listed building records provide an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building which has been identified by its statutory address. The description and additional information provided are supplementary and have no legal weight.

These records are not definitive historical accounts or a complete description of the building(s). If part of a building is not described it does not mean it is not listed. The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site which is known as the statutory address. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing. Even if a number or name is missing from a listing address it will still be listed. Listing covers both the exterior and the interior and any object or structure fixed to the building. Listing also applies to buildings or structures not physically attached but which are part of the curtilage (or land) of the listed building as long as they were erected before 1 July 1948.

While Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating listed buildings, the planning authority is responsible for determining what is covered by the listing, including what is listed through curtilage. However, for listed buildings designated or for listings amended from 1 October 2015, legal exclusions to the listing may apply.

If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the 1997 Act. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect subsequent legislation.

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Printed: 29/02/2020 00:18