Listed Building

The only legal part of the listing is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing – see ‘About Listed Buildings’ below for more information.

CORSE, CORSE CASTLELB2968

Status: Removed

Documents

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Summary

Category
B
Date Added
24/11/1972
Date Removed:
14/12/2015
Local Authority
Aberdeenshire
Planning Authority
Aberdeenshire
Parish
Coull
NGR
NJ 54867 7393
Coordinates
354867, 807393

Removal Reason

Dual designation

Description

Dated 1581, built for William Forbes of Corse. Partially ruined 4-storey, Z-plan castle with square tower to E and round tower to W. Mixture of yellow sandstone and granite random rubble walls with squared and tooled granite margins to openings and quoins. Corbelled projecting corner turrets and partial remains of crowstepped gable to E. Dated lintel and panel frames above main entrance to SE tower.

N (PRINCIPAL) ELEVATION: central hall to centre, base course only of exterior wall extant. Round tower abutting to NW corner base course only extant. Main wall returns to outer left abutting SE entrance tower.

(REAR) ELEVATION: rear wall of 3-bay central hall. Bay to left intact to 2nd floor height, large rectangular window opening to 1st floor. Advanced circular stair tower to centre bay, arrowloop fenestration, intact to eaves height.

E (SIDE) ELEVATION: 2-broad bays, advanced SE square tower to left, E elevation of main hall to right. 4-storey tower walls terminating in corbelled corner turret,s intact to eaves course, with largely intact crowstepped gable to centre terminating in coped chimney stack. Irregular small window openings. Main entrance to right return; small rectangular door opening, chamfered margins, dated lintel inscribed 'WF 1581 SS [?]', cushion moulded frames to rectangular and larger ogee-arched panels above. Lower part of step-corbelled stair turret to re-entrant angle. E wall of hall to right intact to eaves height, corbelled corner turret to right, large rectangular window opening to 1st floor.

W (SIDE) ELEVATION: wall intact to eaves height, Small window openings to 1st and 2nd floor.

INTERIOR: window openings, doorways, fireplaces and wall plates for lost timber floors evident on walls within ruinous interior space.

Statement of Special Interest

Scheduled Ancient Monument. A remarkable survival of the compact 16th century, Scottish Z-plan castle. These relatively small scale castles, particularly well represented in Aberdeenshire, were the fortified homes of the minor aristocracy, regionally powerful landowner and successful merchant. As such they differ in function and design from the larger castles of the royal and political class, the need being for family comfort and security against a lawless country as opposed to the garrisoning and martialling of troops. Hence the single small entrance to the castle and absence of windows on the ground floor but provision of large, elegant windows to the 1st floor where the main hall was located. When the previous house was sacked by brigands in the early 16th century William Forbes of Corse vowed, "if God spares my life I shall build a house at which thieves shall knock ere they enter". One of William's sons later became Bishop Patrick Forbes of Aberdeen (1564-1635) who took over and completed nearby Craigievar Castle (see separate listing). The castle remains the property of the Forbes family.

References

Bibliography

RCAHMS: 4223 CN, COPY OF OIL PAINTING BY JAMES GILES. RCAHMS: 30910, PHOTOGRAPH OF 'OLD CASTLE OF CORSE', 1905. J Geddes, DEESIDE AND THE MEARNS; AN ILLUSTRATED ARCHITECTURAL GUIDE, RIAS, p 135. D MacGibbon & T Ross, CASTELLATED AND DOMESTIC ARCHITECTURE OF SCOTLAND, 1887.

About Listed Buildings

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating sites and places at the national level. These designations are Scheduled monuments, Listed buildings, Inventory of gardens and designed landscapes and Inventory of historic battlefields.

We make recommendations to the Scottish Government about historic marine protected areas, and the Scottish Ministers decide whether to designate.

Listing is the process that identifies, designates and provides statutory protection for buildings of special architectural or historic interest as set out in the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings which are found to be of special architectural or historic interest using the selection guidance published in Designation Policy and Selection Guidance (2019)

Listed building records provide an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building which has been identified by its statutory address. The description and additional information provided are supplementary and have no legal weight.

These records are not definitive historical accounts or a complete description of the building(s). If part of a building is not described it does not mean it is not listed. The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site which is known as the statutory address. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing. Even if a number or name is missing from a listing address it will still be listed. Listing covers both the exterior and the interior and any object or structure fixed to the building. Listing also applies to buildings or structures not physically attached but which are part of the curtilage (or land) of the listed building as long as they were erected before 1 July 1948.

While Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating listed buildings, the planning authority is responsible for determining what is covered by the listing, including what is listed through curtilage. However, for listed buildings designated or for listings amended from 1 October 2015, legal exclusions to the listing may apply.

If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the 1997 Act. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect subsequent legislation.

Listed building consent is required for changes to a listed building which affect its character as a building of special architectural or historic interest. The relevant planning authority is the point of contact for applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at www.historicenvironment.scot/advice-and-support. You can contact us on 0131 668 8914 or at designations@hes.scot.

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Printed: 17/06/2019 09:59