Listed Building

The only legal part of the listing is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing – see ‘About Listed Buildings’ below for more information.

481 AND 483 LAWNMARKET, GLADSTONE'S LANDLB29233

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Category
A
Date Added
14/12/1970
Local Authority
Edinburgh
Planning Authority
Edinburgh
Burgh
Edinburgh
NGR
NT 25549 73582
Coordinates
325549, 673582

Description

Frontage 1621, 16th century rear wing and 18th century addition to NW; further 19th century alterations and additions; restored Frank C Mears 1934-6 and Robert Hurd and Partners, 1979-80. Narrow 5-storey, attic and cellar 3-bay L-plan tenement with 2 round-headed arches and circular pier forming open arcade to ground floor, curved stone forestair with iron railings to outer left, leading to door at 1st floor, and 2 tall narrow finialled (thistle to left, fleur-de lys to right) gabled dormerheads breaking eaves at 4th floor. Grey ashlar. Moulded cill courses at 1st, 2nd 3rd and 4th floors. Small windows lighting turnpike stair to outer left; single windows to left; paired windows to right. Important painted decoration to interior.

REAR (JAMES COURT) WING: 16th century, incorporating earlier fabric). Narrow 4-storey and attic wing, extending 3 bays into James Court. Grey harl.

E ELEVATION: small windows lighting stair to outer right; asymmetrical crowstepped gable. 2-storey plastered timber outshot with boarded timber extension to left; 2-bay plastered timber jettied storeys at 3rd and 4th floors above and paired gabled dormerheads breaking eaves to attic. 3-storey 2-bay rubble-built block adjoining to NE (see Notes).

N ELEVATION: pentice-roofed stair tower to left with timber boarded door in raised hoodmoulded surround and small windows lighting stair; curved corner to right. Half-gabled recessed blind bay to right with chequer-set machicolation to moulded corbel course at 2nd floor level. Remains of earlier construction visible.

W ELEVATION: 2 bays, regularly fenestrated (1st floor left window blocked); broad wallhead stack.

INTERIOR: timber shop-front set back behind arcade (see Notes). Painted decoration to timber ceilings and beams to rooms at 1st, 2nd and 3rd floors. 18th century panelling and bolection-moulded chimneypiece in room to rear.

Small-pane fixed leaded glazing above, timber shutters below; predominantly 12-pane glazing in timber sash and case windows to rear. Grey slates. Cowstepped stone skews (see Notes). Tall corniced stacks right with circular cans.

Statement of Special Interest

Property of the National Trust for Scotland. Initials TG (Thomas Gledstanes) and BC (Bessie Cunningham, his wife) and trademark - saltire on vertical stem - on skewputts. Bought in 1617 by Thomas Gladstone, who extended it S, building arcaded shop to ground and ashlar front replacing timber galleries. Acquired by the National Trust for Scotland in 1934, when restoration was carried out by Sir Frank Mears. The 3-storey rubble-built wing to NE is part of a wing added circa 1740, reduced by 2 storeys and given a flat roof by Mears in 1934-6 (original form illustrated by Home). The stone arcaded ground floor was also revealed during Mears' restoration; Grant's illustration shows it concealed behind a later shop-front. The Dean of Guild plan shows alterations, including a window in the lobby and the addition of a WC, in the 1880's, when the 3 back houses were considered 'uninhabitable,' and alterations to the shop The timber booths behind, and the leaded windows and shutters are part of Hurd's restoration for the National Trust of 1978-80, when the house was furnished as a 17th century Old Town house and opened to the public.

References

Bibliography

Dean of Guild 25th July 1880 and 9th June 1881. Grant OLD AND NEW EDINBURGH (1885) ill p109. Bruce J Home OLD HOUSES IN EDINBURGH (circa 1910). RCAHMS INVENTORY EDINBURGH (1951) No 14 pp74-78. Gifford, McWilliam and Walker EDINBURGH (1984) pp 195-6.

About Listed Buildings

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating sites and places at the national level. These designations are Scheduled monuments, Listed buildings, Inventory of gardens and designed landscapes and Inventory of historic battlefields.

We make recommendations to the Scottish Government about historic marine protected areas, and the Scottish Ministers decide whether to designate.

Listing is the process that identifies, designates and provides statutory protection for buildings of special architectural or historic interest as set out in the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings which are found to be of special architectural or historic interest using the selection guidance published in Designation Policy and Selection Guidance (2019)

Listed building records provide an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building which has been identified by its statutory address. The description and additional information provided are supplementary and have no legal weight.

These records are not definitive historical accounts or a complete description of the building(s). If part of a building is not described it does not mean it is not listed. The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site which is known as the statutory address. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing. Even if a number or name is missing from a listing address it will still be listed. Listing covers both the exterior and the interior and any object or structure fixed to the building. Listing also applies to buildings or structures not physically attached but which are part of the curtilage (or land) of the listed building as long as they were erected before 1 July 1948.

While Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating listed buildings, the planning authority is responsible for determining what is covered by the listing, including what is listed through curtilage. However, for listed buildings designated or for listings amended from 1 October 2015, legal exclusions to the listing may apply.

If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the 1997 Act. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect subsequent legislation.

Listed building consent is required for changes to a listed building which affect its character as a building of special architectural or historic interest. The relevant planning authority is the point of contact for applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at www.historicenvironment.scot/advice-and-support. You can contact us on 0131 668 8914 or at designations@hes.scot.

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Printed: 26/05/2019 22:34