Listed Building

The only legal part of the listing under the Planning (Listing Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997 is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing – see 'About Listed Buildings' below for more information. The further details below the 'Address/Name of Site' are provided for information purposes only.

Address/Name of Site


Status: Designated


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Date Added
Local Authority
Planning Authority
NT 26056 73665
326056, 673665


T P Marwick (adapting a design by David Cousin and John Lessels - see Notes) 1887. 4-storey and attic, 3-bay Scots Baronial tenement with shops to ground. Polished ashlar to 1st floor; squared and snecked, stugged sandstone with polished dressings above. Pair of shouldered tripartite windows at 1st floor with rope-moulded crest to centre. Deep moulded string course between 1st and 2nd floors. Attic corbel table with central crow-stepped wallhead gable with apex stack above; flanked by crow-stepped dormer heads. Painted shop fronts.

4-pane glazing to timber sash and case windows. Scottish slate. Broad harled axial stacks. Clay cans. Cast-iron rainwater goods.

Statement of Special Interest

No 44-46 High Street is a good example of early City Improvement Act construction and integrated tenement design. The building is part of a planned run of buildings designed by David Cousin and John Lessels continuing West to the corner and down Blackfriars Street. The use of the Scots Baronial style fits well into the surrounding streetscape and mirrors 18th century tenement design in the Old Town.

Under the 1867 Improvement Act, Cousin, one of the most accomplished architects of his generation, planned St Mary Street, Blackfriars Street, Jeffrey Street and Chambers Street, the architecture of which 'reflects his transition from pure Italian Renaissance to a mid Victorian freestyle also evident in his later bank-houses' (David Walker - Dictionary of Scottish Architects). The tenement blocks running from No 44 to 60 High Street were designed by John Lessels with David Cousin in 1870 but not carried out until 18 years later.

The High Street is located at the heart of the Old Town and has World Heritage Site status. Historically the central focus of public, civic and commercial life within the city, the High Street contains many of Edinburgh's most distinguished buildings including St Giles Kirk and Parliament Hall (see separate listings). Its special architectural and historic interest as one of Edinburgh's primary thoroughfares is unparalleled.

List description updated at resurvey (2007/08).



John Gifford et al, Buildings of Scotland - Edinburgh, (1991) p220; Dictionary of Scottish Architects, (accessed 10.05.2007)

About Listed Buildings

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating sites and places at the national level. These designations are Scheduled monuments, Listed buildings, Inventory of gardens and designed landscapes and Inventory of historic battlefields.

We make recommendations to the Scottish Government about historic marine protected areas, and the Scottish Ministers decide whether to designate.

Listing is the process that identifies, designates and provides statutory protection for buildings of special architectural or historic interest as set out in the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings which are found to be of special architectural or historic interest using the selection guidance published in Designation Policy and Selection Guidance (2019)

Listed building records provide an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building which has been identified by its statutory address. The description and additional information provided are supplementary and have no legal weight.

These records are not definitive historical accounts or a complete description of the building(s). If part of a building is not described it does not mean it is not listed. The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site which is known as the statutory address. Other than the name or address of a listed building, further details are provided for information purposes only. Historic Environment Scotland does not accept any liability for any loss or damage suffered as a consequence of inaccuracies in the information provided. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing. Even if a number or name is missing from a listing address it will still be listed. Listing covers both the exterior and the interior and any object or structure fixed to the building. Listing also applies to buildings or structures not physically attached but which are part of the curtilage (or land) of the listed building as long as they were erected before 1 July 1948.

While Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating listed buildings, the planning authority is responsible for determining what is covered by the listing, including what is listed through curtilage. However, for listed buildings designated or for listings amended from 1 October 2015, legal exclusions to the listing may apply.

If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the 1997 Act. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect subsequent legislation.

Listed building consent is required for changes to a listed building which affect its character as a building of special architectural or historic interest. The relevant planning authority is the point of contact for applications for listed building consent.

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