Robert Reid and William Sibbald, 1802-8. 65-bay near-symmetrical palace block, comprising predominantly 4-storey and basement, 9-bay advanced central pavilion, flanked by pair of predominantly 3-storey and basement, 21-bay linking blocks, flanked in turn by pair of 3-storey and basement, and 3-storey, attic and basement, 7-bay terminal pavilions. Polished ashlar sandstone; V-jointed rustication at principal floor, rock-faced rustication at basement. Band course below principal floor; cill course at 1st floors, and 2nd floors of central and terminal pavilions; cornice at 2nd floor of central pavilion; cornices and blocking courses. Windows corniced at 1st floor; corniced with consoles in 3 central bays at 1st floor of terminal pavilions; window pedimented with consoles to bay at centre at 1st floor of central pavilion, flanked by windows corniced with consoles, flanked in turn by windows pedimented with consoles. Central and terminal pavilions advanced. Ashlar steps and entrance platts oversailing basements. Mews to rear in Jamaica Street South Lane, see below.
S (PRINCIPAL) ELEVATION, CENTRAL PAVILION: comprising 4-storey and basement, 3-bay house (No 31) at centre, flanked by 3-storey and basement, 3-bay house (No 30) to right, 4-storey and basement, 3-bay house (No 32) to left. Round-arched doorpieces in bays 3rd from left, 4th and 3rd from right; 6-panel doors with plate glass and radial semicircular fanlights. Windows in remaining bays at principal floor, with round-arched window recesses in bays at centre and left of centre; regular fenestration to floors above, with window to W return at 3rd floor. 3rd floor windows at No 32 with cills lowered. 3rd bay from right advanced, with wallhead panel at 3rd floor; 3rd bay from right advanced with later wallhead panel at 2nd floor. Blind balustraded parapet with panelled dies at No 31, and bays to right and outer right at No 32. Flagged basement area with predominantly vertically boarded timber doors to cellars; room under entrance platt to No 32.
BLOCKS FLANKING CENTRAL PAVILION: 24-bay linking block to right of central pavilion comprising 7 predominantly 3-storey and basement, 3-bay houses. Doors in bays to right at principal floor; windows in remaining bays at principal floor, with regular fenestration to floors above. Nos 23 and 25 2-storey and basement; No 24 3-storey, attic and basement. 21-bay linking block to left of central pavilion comprising 7 predominantly 3-storey and basement, 3-bay houses. Doors in bays to left at principal floors, with door in bay to right at No 35; windows in remaining bays at principal floor; regular fenestration to floors above. Nos 33, 36 and 37 2-storey and basement. Flagged basement areas with predominantly vertically boarded timber doors to cellars; room under entrance platt to No 36.
TERMINAL PAVILIONS: pair of near-symmetrical, predominantly 3-storey, basement and sub-basement, 7-bay terminal pavilions, comprising round-arched doorpieces in advanced central 3 bays; predominantly 6-panel doors with radial semicircular fanlights; glazed doorpiece flanking 2-leaf door at No 22. Windows in remaining bays at principal floor; regular fenestration to floors above. Blind balustraded aprons to central 3 bays at 1st floors; some balusters removed from bay to 3rd from left of E terminal pavilion; aprons removed and cills lowered to 4th bay from right of E terminal pavilion, and 3rd bay from left of W terminal pavilion. Blank wallhead panels flanked by blind balustraded parapets and panelled dies, spanning advanced central 3 bays to both terminal pavilions. Flagged basement areas with predominantly vertically boarded timber doors to cellars; half-turn stairs accessing sub-basement; rooms under entrance platts to Nos 20 and 22.
E (2 HOWE STREET) ELEVATION: 3-storey, attic and basement, 6-bay elevation, becoming 2 Howe Street. Regular fenestration to bays at all floors, with blind windows in penultimate bay from left, and 3rd bay from left at principal, 1st and 2nd floors, and in bay to outer left at 2nd floor. Cornice to window at outer right of 2nd floor. 3 windows regularly spaced at attic, with projecting cills. Broached ashlar at basement; glazed door centred in 3-bay shop front at right, flanked by plate glass windows. Wallhead stack coping depressed in bay to outer right.
W (1-3, ODD NOS, INDIA STREET) ELEVATION: 3-storey, attic and basement, 5-bay elevation becoming 1-3 (odd Nos) India Street. Polished ashlar sandstone. Irregularly spaced windows; blind windows in 4th bay from left at principal and 1st floors, 3rd bays from left at 1st, 2nd and attic floors; in-filled window to outer right at 1st floor. Projecting cills to 1st floor and attic windows. Basement comprising 6-bay shop front to left, with 2-leaf door in 4th bay from left, windows in remaining bays; blind window in bay to outer right. Flagged basement area.
Predominantly 12-pane timber sash and case windows. Pairs of box dormers at Nos 20 and 23; pair of polygonal piended dormers at No 24, single polygonal piended dormer at No 40; pairs of lead-roofed rectangular dormers at Nos 25, 36 and 37; pair of rectangular dormers at No 33. Grey slate M-roofs; Mansard roof to right at E terminal pavilion. Cast-iron rainwater goods. Window guards to 1st floor windows of Nos 20, 22, 30, 31, 35, 36, 38, 40, 41 and 42, and to 2nd floor windows in 3 bays to outer left at No 42; window guards to window in bay to outer left at 1st floor of E (No 2 Howe Street) elevation, and 2nd floor windows of W (Nos 1-3, odd Nos, India Street); balconies spanning bays at 1st floor windows of Nos 24, 26, 27, 29, 33, 37 and 39; bracketed at Nos 33 and 37. Variety of polished, broached and rendered ridge, wallhead and gablehead stacks; coped with circular cans.
INTERIORS: not seen, 1997, but some evidence of working panelled shutters. Columnar entrance hall to No 26; pendentived entrance hall to No 32.
RAILINGS AND LAMPS: ashlar copes surmounted by cast-iron railings with spear-headed balusters and urn finials. Cast-iron lamps with glass globes.
JAMAICA STREET SOUTH LANE: earlier 19th century. Row of 2-storey mews buildings, with isolated mews building to W. Coursed rubble, with droved and polished ashlar dressings. Not including Flat Roofed Garages that form Nos. 25, 27, and 29.
N (PRINCIPAL) ELEVATION: variety of vertically-boarded timber garage doors, including 2-leaf, multi-leaf folding doors and sliding doors, some with glazed upper panels; with timber and stone lintels. Single storey coach house to left of No 9. Door and window to infilled former carriage door opening at No 11. Windows at attics, including pair of stone dormerheads breaking eaves at No 21, single stone gabled dormerhead at No 31. Modern slapping with timber gate and screen to ground, at No 51. Pair of vertically-boarded timber loading doors to gable of No 55.
NO 59: 2-storey mews building, with E principal elevation, comprising modern door and window to former carriage door opening, to left at ground; bipartite window with stone mullion, to right at ground; bipartite window in stone gabled dormerhead breaking eaves, at right. Modern garage block adjoining mews to right; coped random rubble wall, with timber door in pedestrian gate, adjoining mews to left.
Predominantly timber sash and case windows. Grey slate roofs. Cast-iron rainwater goods. Variety of stacks; coped, with circular cans. Coped skews.
Statement of Special Interest
Part of the Second New Town A Group, a significant surviving part of one of the most important and best preserved examples of urban planning in Britain.
Although Heriot Row's profile has been considerably altered by various additions, the overall sense of the terrace's low roofline has not been lost, and it still retains its original grandeur, increased by its outlook onto the private Queen Street Gardens.
Statutory address changed from 20-42 (INCLUSIVE NOS) HERIOT ROW, AND 2 HOWE STREET, 1-3 (ODD NOS) INDIA STREET, INCLUDING RAILINGS AND LAMPS WITH JAMAICA STREET SOUTH LANE to 20-42 (INCLUSIVE NOS) HERIOT ROW, AND 2 HOWE STREET, 1-3 (ODD NOS) INDIA STREET, INCLUDING RAILINGS AND LAMPS WITH 1, 7, 9, 11, 15, 23, 31, 33, 37, 43, 45, 51 AND 59 JAMAICA STREET SOUTH LANE