Listed Building

The only legal part of the listing is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing – see ‘About Listed Buildings’ below for more information.

98 GRASSMARKET AND 105 WEST BOWLB28943

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Category
A
Date Added
21/04/1969
Local Authority
Edinburgh
Planning Authority
Edinburgh
Burgh
Edinburgh
NGR
NT 25483 73422
Coordinates
325483, 673422

Description

Early 17th century with later alterations and additions. 5-storey and attic tenement with gabled stair tower to left and 4-bays with nepus gable to Grassmarket and 2-bay gable with wallhead stack to West Bow. Yellow harled with stone margins.

SE (GRASSMARKET) ELEVATION: advanced pitch-roofed stair tower to left with 5 small windows lighting stair and small wallhead stack (see Notes). Recessed 4-bay block to right: small window to left at ground, timber boarded door to centre and modern window to right. String course between ground and 1st floors. Regularly fenestrated; paired windows to centre at 1st floor; 2 small windows in nepus gable to attic.

E (WEST BOW) ELEVATION: timber boarded door to right at ground; blocked door with inscription to outer right (see Notes); single windows to left at 1st, 2nd, 3rd 4th and attics; 4 smaller, irregularly placed windows with diamond-pane glazing to right.

12-pane glazing in timber sash and case windows; fixed diamond-paned glazing to West Bow. Massive end stack to W; corniced apex stacks with circular cans to gables. Grey slates. Ashlar-coped skews.

Statement of Special Interest

Part of an inscribed lintel and the bolection moulding of a blocked up door can be seen to the right of the door on the E elevation; the inscription reads '(blessed be) God for all his Gifts 1616.' The lines of the former string courses stepping up over windows and door can also be seen under the harling at ground, 1st and 2nd floors on this elevation. The long rectangle of Grassmarket was already a suburb and a secondary market place by 1500. After the Battle of Flodden in 1513 the city walls were strengthened and the Grassmarket and Cowgate enclosed by the Flodden Wall. Agricultural produce was sold in the Grassmarket until well into the 20th century; old photographs show up-ended carts and the bars and hostels associated with the market. It was also a place of public execution. Nos 98 Grassmarket and 105 West Bow are now (2000) a hotel.

References

Bibliography

Elevation to Grassmarket appears in Thomas Hamilton's 1820 drawing 'Elevations of Houses West Side of West Bow' published in TRANSACTIONS OF THE ARCHITECTURAL INSTITUTE OF SCOTLAND 1861-62, NMRS edd/228/19-25. RCAHMS INVENTORY, EDINBURGH (1951) No 52, p 105. Gifford, McWilliam and Walker EDINBURGH (1984) pp 236-7.

About Listed Buildings

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating sites and places at the national level. These designations are Scheduled monuments, Listed buildings, Inventory of gardens and designed landscapes and Inventory of historic battlefields.

We make recommendations to the Scottish Government about historic marine protected areas, and the Scottish Ministers decide whether to designate.

Listing is the process that identifies, designates and provides statutory protection for buildings of special architectural or historic interest as set out in the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings which are found to be of special architectural or historic interest using the selection guidance published in Designation Policy and Selection Guidance (2019)

Listed building records provide an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building which has been identified by its statutory address. The description and additional information provided are supplementary and have no legal weight.

These records are not definitive historical accounts or a complete description of the building(s). If part of a building is not described it does not mean it is not listed. The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site which is known as the statutory address. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing. Even if a number or name is missing from a listing address it will still be listed. Listing covers both the exterior and the interior and any object or structure fixed to the building. Listing also applies to buildings or structures not physically attached but which are part of the curtilage (or land) of the listed building as long as they were erected before 1 July 1948.

While Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating listed buildings, the planning authority is responsible for determining what is covered by the listing, including what is listed through curtilage. However, for listed buildings designated or for listings amended from 1 October 2015, legal exclusions to the listing may apply.

If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the 1997 Act. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect subsequent legislation.

Listed building consent is required for changes to a listed building which affect its character as a building of special architectural or historic interest. The relevant planning authority is the point of contact for applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at www.historicenvironment.scot/advice-and-support. You can contact us on 0131 668 8914 or at designations@hes.scot.

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