Listed Building

The only legal part of the listing is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing – see ‘About Listed Buildings’ below for more information.


Status: Designated


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Date Added
Local Authority
Planning Authority
NN 78209 1341
278209, 701341


Earlier 17th century; modified and enlarged 1765 tenement and former townhouse, now museum and flatted accommodation. Original 2-storey and attic; rectangular-plan; main block with adjoining 2-storey 3 bay section; parallel to the Cross (probably all originally 2 storey and of same date); later 2-storey; 6-bay; rectangular-plan block (dated 1765 on window lintel) at right angles to E fronting onto Kirk Street (modern rear wing to E section). Tenement block, incorporating former town house and separate dwellings, now housing museum and flats. Occupies prominent site at corner of Cross and Kirk Street, 2 forestairs to Cross elevation; 2 barrel-vaulted ground floor rooms to ground floor and smaller attic windows to main block. Harled with painted stone dressings. Openings largely architraved to principal (N and W) elevations. Coped gables to main block.

W (THE CROSS) ELEVATION: 5-bay, 3-storey, main block to left; rubble forestair to near centre (later 20th century railings, blocked doorway to left return) 1st floor entrance; replacement boarded timber door with rectangular fanlight. 2 pairs of regularly disposed flanking windows to 1st floor (piano nobile) and attic. Entrance with chamfered surround set back to outer left bay of main block; window immediately to left and to bay to right (formerly entrance). Entrance with boarded timber door to outer right bay; flanking windows; heraldic panel (incorporating heart pierced by 2 swords and flanking initials I(or J) P) to 1st floor above that to right. Rubble forestair (later 20th century railings, opening at ground) to left bay of 2-storey section to right; replacement boarded timber door with rectangular fanlight; window to right. Segmental-headed vennel entrance to outer right bay.

N (KIRK ST) ELEVATION: 2-storey, 6-bay section divided 2-bay/4-bay. Entrance with chamfered architrave to left of 2-bay section to left; replacement boarded timber door. Window to right. 2 windows (with chamfered architraves) to 1st floor. Regularly-disposed windows (all with later projecting cills), grouped 2-2 to 4-bay section to right; lintel of that to outer right at ground inscribed '1765' with cross and initials (possibly 'J P'). Gable end of original main block projects slightly to right. Window to left to 1st floor and attic (that to 1st floor altered, possibly formerly entrance)

S AND E (REAR) ELEVATIONS: irregularly disposed windows to 2-storey and attic main block, including 4 inserted breaking-eaves dormers with catslide roofs. Former smaller architraved window visible at junction with later block to Kirk St. 2 small architraved windows to adjoining section to S (1 to each floor); larger window over vennel. E section of Kirk St block largely obliterated by modern wing. Small window to each floor to W section (that at ground architraved); window and small stair window to left.

9- and 12-pane timber sash and case windows. Grey slate roofs. Stacks retained to main block only; coped gablehead stacks at either end (N and S) and 1 near central coped ridge stack; round cans.

INTERIOR: 2 barrel-vaulted ground floor rooms to N of main block; doorway inserted into that to N giving access to Kirk Street block. Original beamed ceiling to part of ground floor to Kirk Street block; 2 fireplaces with plain surrounds. Some early panelled timber doors to upper floors in Kirk Street block.

WELL: to yard at rear. Coped circular-plan rubble walls above ground.

Statement of Special Interest

A significant earlier 17th century tenement block incorporating an important townhouse and retaining two of its original barrel-vaulted ground floor chambers. The whole is largely unaltered since the later 18th century, when the Kirk Street section was constructed and the attic storey probably added to the main block. The two sets of forestairs to the Cross elevation are a rare survival of an arrangement that was formerly common in Scottish burghs in the 17th and 18th centuries. The original sections fronting onto the Cross are thought to have been constructed by James Pearson, who was Dean of the Cathedral in 1624. The initials and the coat-of-arms on the carved plaque are his. The 1st floor of the main block was probably his town house. The Kirk Street section is most likely to have been originally constructed as separate cottages. It is not known when the two structures were knocked into one.



C McKean, STIRLING AND THE TROSSACHS, AN ILLUSTRATED ARCHITECTURAL, 1994 p 84. A McKerracher, THE STREET AND PLACE NAMES OF DUNBLANE AND DISTRICT, 1992 p12. E P Dennison and R Coleman, HISTORIC DUNBLANE, Scottish Burgh Survey, 1997, pp 61 & 77.

About Listed Buildings

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating sites and places at the national level. These designations are Scheduled monuments, Listed buildings, Inventory of gardens and designed landscapes and Inventory of historic battlefields.

We make recommendations to the Scottish Government about historic marine protected areas, and the Scottish Ministers decide whether to designate.

Listing is the process that identifies, designates and provides statutory protection for buildings of special architectural or historic interest as set out in the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings which are found to be of special architectural or historic interest using the selection guidance published in Designation Policy and Selection Guidance (2019)

Listed building records provide an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building which has been identified by its statutory address. The description and additional information provided are supplementary and have no legal weight.

These records are not definitive historical accounts or a complete description of the building(s). If part of a building is not described it does not mean it is not listed. The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site which is known as the statutory address. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing. Even if a number or name is missing from a listing address it will still be listed. Listing covers both the exterior and the interior and any object or structure fixed to the building. Listing also applies to buildings or structures not physically attached but which are part of the curtilage (or land) of the listed building as long as they were erected before 1 July 1948.

While Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating listed buildings, the planning authority is responsible for determining what is covered by the listing, including what is listed through curtilage. However, for listed buildings designated or for listings amended from 1 October 2015, legal exclusions to the listing may apply.

If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the 1997 Act. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect subsequent legislation.

Listed building consent is required for changes to a listed building which affect its character as a building of special architectural or historic interest. The relevant planning authority is the point of contact for applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at You can contact us on 0131 668 8914 or at


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Printed: 27/05/2019 11:06