Listed Building

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site only. All other information in the record is not statutory.

LINLATHEN, EAST BRIDGE OVER DICHTY WATERLB25892

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Category
A
Date Added
29/10/1991
Local Authority
Dundee
Planning Authority
Dundee
Burgh
Dundee
NGR
NO 46394 32855
Coordinates
346394, 732855

Description

Circa 1795-1810. Single arch light estate road bridge. Wrought with some cast-iron, coursers and ashlar sandstone buttresses. Segmental arch with sprandrels formed by plain concentric circles diminishing in size towards crown of arch, linked by tie bars at soffit; parapet of plain quatrefoils with fencing added later. Timber decking and springing points have been raised, reducing camber. Buttresses slope back from river bed and have balustraded splays (balustrade extant at NE and SW only). North buttress has small round-headed arch over silted flood channel.

Statement of Special Interest

Linlathen House was built for David Graham in 1705 and extended for Thomas Erskine by William Sterling in circa 1830. The steading was dated 1770. This bridge is probably that shown on the 1827 plan of the estate which may have replaced an earlier (circa 1770?) bridge built to give independent access to the steading avoiding the drives to Linlathen House. The bridge appears to follow the 1795 patent of Richard Burdon MP, employed on its largest scale at Sunderland in 1796. The patent involved separate openwork cast-iron voussoirs held together by wrought-iron straps instead of the ribs being cast complete (as at Ironbridge). Two other bridges are known to survive involving this patent at Spanishtown, Jamiaca, 1801, and the solid-looking Tickford Bridge, Newport Pagnell (1819). The first large iron bridged in Europe, near Wroclaw in Silesia (1794-6) similarly had spandrels willed with dimishing rings meeting at a central keystone. The latter was by a Scottish engineer from Carron Ironworks, John Baildon.

Pending documentary confirmation, the Linlathen bridge appears to date from about 1795-1810 and will be the oldest iron bridge in Scotland, and amongst the oldest in the world. The extensive Graham of Fintry papers (SRO, GD151) might contain information regarding the bridge; only a brief examination of these papers was possible for this list entry.

References

Bibliography

Plan of Linlathen by James Sime, 1827; Dundee University Archives, 17p 198; Dir Francis Mudie and David M Walker, MAINS CASTLE AND THE GRAHAMS OF FINTRY (1964); Ted Ruddock, ARCH BRIDGES AND THEIR BUILDERS (1979); Neil Cossons, BP BOOK OF INDUSTRIAL ARCHAEOLOGY (1987), p 247; Barrie Trinder. 'The First Iron Bridges'. in INDUSTRIAL ARCHAEOLOGY REVIEW III, no 2, Spring 1979.

About Listed Buildings

Listing is the way that a building or structure of special architectural or historic interest is recognised by law through the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings of special architectural or historic interest using the criteria published in the Historic Environment Scotland Policy Statement.

The statutory listing address is the legal part of the listing. The information in the listed building record gives an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building(s). It is not a definitive historical account or a complete description of the building(s). The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

Listing covers both the exterior and the interior. Listing can cover structures not mentioned which are part of the curtilage of the building, such as boundary walls, gates, gatepiers, ancillary buildings etc. The planning authority is responsible for advising on what is covered by the listing including the curtilage of a listed building. For information about curtilage see www.historicenvironment.scot. Since 1 October 2015 we have been able to exclude items from a listing. If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the Historic Environment Scotland Act 2014. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect current legislation.

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Printed: 18/11/2018 22:48