Listed Building

The only legal part of the listing under the Planning (Listing Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997 is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing – see 'About Listed Buildings' below for more information. The further details below the 'Address/Name of Site' are provided for information purposes only.

Address/Name of Site


Status: Designated


There are no additional online documents for this record.


Date Added
Local Authority
Planning Authority
NO 38072 31610
338072, 731610


G A Cox, apparently assisted by Peter Carmichael and with

some millwright work by J and C Carmichael, built in 3

stages begun in 1857, completed in 1868.

3-storey, basement and attic with 2-storey rear, 40-bay

fireproof jute mill 500' long with 100' high clock and

bell-tower at NE end and 2 N-facing pediments. Coursed

rubble with ashlar dressings.

N elevation 3-storey attic and sunken basement behind

cast-iron railings. 2 5-bay advanced pedimented sections

occupy the 9th to the 13th bays from each end. These contain

ground floor doors and one keystoned round-headed window

given an oriel.

in the tympanum of each pediment. Ball finials. W elevation:

9-bay, comprising 4-storey and attic 4-bay gable, 2 windows

in mansard attic with flat-topped finial and skewputts,

small corniced ashlar block at base, and 5-bay 2-storey

section to S with main cornice.

S elevation: 2-storey 40-bay with occasional ground floor

doors, main cornice and parapet. Similar S elevation to

multi-storey section at N with 2 upper floors, 40-bay with

main cornice. 3 larger windows to engine houses.

E elevation 2-storey, 5-bay section with cornice and 3-storey

and attic 4-bay section with 5-round-headed windows at

ground floor. Elaborately scrolled gable with ball finial. Square-section clock-tower rises from advanced rectangular

NE stair tower, channelled ashlar at ground floor, channelled

quoins at 1st and 2nd floors with windows in architraves.

3rd floor round-headed windows between pilasters. Dentil

cornice with pediments to N and S and balustrades to E

and W elevations.

Tall square-section clock stage, ashlar with large clock

faces to each elevation over bipartites. Consoled cornice.

Very large octagonal cast-iron bellcote with ogee roof and

ball finial.

Windows are original 6-pane top hoppers except ground floor

of S elevation. 4 pane sash and case. Mansard slate roof with full-length skylights.

Some ornate wought-iron street lamps.

Interior fireproof. Very long rows of cast-iron columns

carry cast-iron beams, brick arches and wrought-iron ties.

S wall of multi-storey mill is carried at ground floor on

a stone wall with openings in W, 1857, section. Central

and E sections carried on a colonnade of Tuscan columns.

Stone dividing wall separates early 1860s mill from 1867-8

E section. Ground floor to S, or 1st floor of 2-storey

section, has 4 long aisles of superb gothic cast-iron

roofs carried on 3 rows of cast-iron columns. Attic of

multi-storey block has fine gothic cast-iron roof carried

on 2 rows of clustered columns. W pediment has wooden roof.

E pediment is cast-iron. Main stairs in W pediment have

an unusual open cast-iron construction on cast-iron columns.

Stone spiral stairs in NE tower.

4 engine houses at ground floor, 3 grouped behind W pediment

with large windows to S at 1st floor. From W to E: (a)

small engine house with cast-iron or steel fixtures in

ceiling (b) very large engine house rising from basement

to 1st floor, projecting to S with large wooden mullioned

windows, later a generator house. (c) Medium-sized engine house

with 2 fluted cast-iron columns carrying arched support

for beam of 100hp beam engine by J and C Carmichael. Other

cast-iron fittings in ceiling with hole for beam floored

over. Masonry base. (d) horizontal engine house at E end

of mill, single-storey with 2 large battered and coved

masonry blocks. Wooden king post roof on carved gothic

brackets with louvred ridge skylight.

Statement of Special Interest

In terms of spindles, the world's biggest jute spinning mill.

Built for Cox Brothers, from 1920 the showpiece of Jute

Industries, having at one time over 5,000 employees. Of

particular interest is the ironwork in the roofs and the

engine houses. The columns in engine house (c) are the

most significant survival of a steam engine in Dundee and

which belonged to an engine which worked with a "smoothness,

steadiness and regularity truly astonishing" (Warden, 1864).

Substantial evidence remains for the position of gearing

carried from wall boxes and brackets attached to columns.

In circa 1890 engine houses (b) and (d) acquired rope alleys.

The clock mechanism and the bell are now missing.



D U MS66/II Records of Cox Brothers.


OF LOCHEE (B Phil Thesis, Dundee University 1972) Bremner

INDUSTRIES OF SCOTLAND (1869, 1969) p262-5. Warden (1864)

p571-4 OS Namebook, 1857

About Listed Buildings

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating sites and places at the national level. These designations are Scheduled monuments, Listed buildings, Inventory of gardens and designed landscapes and Inventory of historic battlefields.

We make recommendations to the Scottish Government about historic marine protected areas, and the Scottish Ministers decide whether to designate.

Listing is the process that identifies, designates and provides statutory protection for buildings of special architectural or historic interest as set out in the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings which are found to be of special architectural or historic interest using the selection guidance published in Designation Policy and Selection Guidance (2019)

Listed building records provide an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building which has been identified by its statutory address. The description and additional information provided are supplementary and have no legal weight.

These records are not definitive historical accounts or a complete description of the building(s). If part of a building is not described it does not mean it is not listed. The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site which is known as the statutory address. Other than the name or address of a listed building, further details are provided for information purposes only. Historic Environment Scotland does not accept any liability for any loss or damage suffered as a consequence of inaccuracies in the information provided. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing. Even if a number or name is missing from a listing address it will still be listed. Listing covers both the exterior and the interior and any object or structure fixed to the building. Listing also applies to buildings or structures not physically attached but which are part of the curtilage (or land) of the listed building as long as they were erected before 1 July 1948.

While Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating listed buildings, the planning authority is responsible for determining what is covered by the listing, including what is listed through curtilage. However, for listed buildings designated or for listings amended from 1 October 2015, legal exclusions to the listing may apply.

If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the 1997 Act. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect subsequent legislation.

Listed building consent is required for changes to a listed building which affect its character as a building of special architectural or historic interest. The relevant planning authority is the point of contact for applications for listed building consent.

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Printed: 02/10/2023 13:05