Listed Building

The only legal part of the listing is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing – see ‘About Listed Buildings’ below for more information.

CASTLE HILL, SOUTH WEST CORNER OF COMMERCIAL STREET AND HIGH STREET, CASTLE HILL HOUSE, INCLUDING BOUNDARY WALLLB24993

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Category
A
Date Added
04/02/1965
Supplementary Information Updated
30/03/1994
Local Authority
Dundee
Planning Authority
Dundee
Burgh
Dundee
NGR
NO 40452 30310
Coordinates
340452, 730310

Description

Late 18th century, with later additions; extensively restored 1993 by Simpson and Brown. 3-storey, 3-bay, classically-detailed town house. Rubble-built with ashlar dressings, lime-washed, slate roof. Rusticated quoins, ashlar-coped skews, corniced end stacks. Ashlar-margined windows, 12-pane timber sash and case glazing.

N ELEVATION: Central stuccoed porch at ground and 1st floors added circa 1853-4 with pilastered and corniced doorpiece and main cornice, masking original Venetian windows to ground and 1st floors Bay to left obscured by entrance and stair to St Roque's Halls. Single-storey flat-roofed passage linking house to church added circa 1950.

S ELEVATION: prominent projecting 3-bay bow to centre, centre bay blind, battered concrete base, small windows at ground floor with linking lintel course, central shouldered wallhead stack with oculus; single window to all floors at bays to left and right; 2 canted dormers.

INTERIOR: largely intact, including cornices and joinery, and some chimneypieces. Original spiral stair with stone newel at ground floor, wrought-iron balusters above; later spiral stair with ornate cast-iron balusters giving external access to 1st floor.

BOUNDARY WALL: coped rubble boundary wall to front, part of similar wall to St Roque's Hall and St Paul's Cathedral.

Statement of Special Interest

This house is built on the medieval castle rock, perhaps the grandest surviving Georgian house within the ancient burgh boundary. Formerly named Burnhead, this house and the adjoining Burnside (demolished for the erection of St Roque's Hall) was built by Thomas Wemyss and his brother, who ran the thread making factory to the south. The house, although without its bowed centre bay, is almost certainly that shown in the circa 1780 oil painting of the Dundee waterfront; what is presumably the thread factory is also to be seen. Neave's 1822 map shows the house to be 'Mr Duncan's house', which was later occupied

by Bishop Alexander Penrose Forbes, 1853-76, in whose tenure schoolrooms were formed in the ground floor necessitating the

additional stair. The house was renamed Castlehill in 1861.

References

Bibliography

David Neave, 'Plan of Alexander Riddoch's Property in Dundee' (1822), in Enid Gauldie, ONE ARTFUL AND AMBITIOUS INDIVIDUAL (1989), p37; information ex St Paul's Cathedral; Unattributed oil painting of Dundee

waterfront, circa 1780, McManus Galleries, Dundee.

About Listed Buildings

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating sites and places at the national level. These designations are Scheduled monuments, Listed buildings, Inventory of gardens and designed landscapes and Inventory of historic battlefields.

We make recommendations to the Scottish Government about historic marine protected areas, and the Scottish Ministers decide whether to designate.

Listing is the process that identifies, designates and provides statutory protection for buildings of special architectural or historic interest as set out in the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings which are found to be of special architectural or historic interest using the selection guidance published in Designation Policy and Selection Guidance (2019)

Listed building records provide an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building which has been identified by its statutory address. The description and additional information provided are supplementary and have no legal weight.

These records are not definitive historical accounts or a complete description of the building(s). If part of a building is not described it does not mean it is not listed. The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site which is known as the statutory address. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing. Even if a number or name is missing from a listing address it will still be listed. Listing covers both the exterior and the interior and any object or structure fixed to the building. Listing also applies to buildings or structures not physically attached but which are part of the curtilage (or land) of the listed building as long as they were erected before 1 July 1948.

While Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating listed buildings, the planning authority is responsible for determining what is covered by the listing, including what is listed through curtilage. However, for listed buildings designated or for listings amended from 1 October 2015, legal exclusions to the listing may apply.

If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the 1997 Act. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect subsequent legislation.

Listed building consent is required for changes to a listed building which affect its character as a building of special architectural or historic interest. The relevant planning authority is the point of contact for applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at www.historicenvironment.scot/advice-and-support. You can contact us on 0131 668 8914 or at designations@hes.scot.

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