Listed Building

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site only. All other information in the record is not statutory.

CULROSS, THE CROSS, MERCAT CROSSLB24000

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Category
A
Date Added
12/01/1972
Supplementary Information Updated
17/05/2016
Local Authority
Fife
Planning Authority
Fife
Burgh
Culross
NGR
NS 98683 85948
Coordinates
298683, 685948

Description

16th century base. Replacement shaft and head, J W Small, designer and Alexander Neilson, sculptor, 1902. Stone. Original octagonal base, tiered steps. Chamfered shaft; moulded base, chamfered plinth. Moulded, decorative capital with dentils, acanthus leaf and fluted details. Cubical head; decoration to each face. Moulded base; column shafts at each quoin. Faces carved with inscriptions. NE face; Culross Burgh arms with date of creation of the royal burgh (1588) in pediment tympanum. SE face; the provost's initials and inscription; 'Restored by the Honourable Sir James Sivewright of Tulliallan 1 July 1902 and John Cunningham of Balgownie Provost'. SW face; monogram of King James VI with crown; '1902' in pediment tympanum. NW face; Sir James Sivewright's arms; initials in tympanum. Surmounting unicorn.

Statement of Special Interest

A market cross was a common feature in a burgh; Culross mercat cross is sited in a prominent position in The Cross, a cobbled area which lies at the junction of four roads and beside Back Causeway which follows the line of the original street which ran from the Abbey to the Sandhaven. This cross replaced a plain stone megalith with a small surmounting cross, as depicted in James Drummond s sketch of the market cross made in 1849 (NMRS archive). The restoration of the cross was financed by Sir James Sivewright to commemorate the coronation of Edward VII. The architect J W Small prepared the drawings and Alexander Neilson, a sculptor from Dundee executed the work under the supervision of William Gauldie, an architect from Dundee. The unicorn holds the Garter of the Thistle (Cunningham). For brief history of Culross Burgh see Culross, The Cross, The Study.

Formerly Scheduled Ancient Monument No 4288, scheduled 15/12/1953 and descheduled 13/05/2016.

References

Bibliography

1:2500 OS Map (Perthshire), CXLII.4, 1860; A Hallen, SECULAR & ECCLESIASTICAL ANTIQUITIES OF CULROSS in Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, Vol 12, 1877, p245; D Beveridge, CULROSS & TULLIALLAN, Vol Vol I, 1885, p117, Vol II, 1885, p309; PHOTOGRAPHIC ALBUM OF CULROSS AND VICINITY, circa 1900; J Small, SCOTTISH MARKET CROSSES, 1900, p151; A Cunningham, ROMANTIC CULROSS, TORRYBURN, CARNOCK, CAIRNEYHILL, SALINE AND PITFIRRANE, 1902, p131; RCAHMS, INVENTORY FOR FIFE, KINROSS & CLACKMANNAN, 1933, p84; A Smith, THE THIRD STATISTICAL ACCOUNT OF SCOTLAND, THE COUNTY OF FIFE, 1952, pp402-413; B Walker, G Ritchie, FIFE AND TAYSIDE, 1987, pp59-60; J Gifford, THE BUILDINGS OF SCOTLAND, FIFE, 1988, pp49, 151-2; R Lamont-Brown, DISCOVERING FIFE, 1988, pp50-52; C Mair, MERCAT CROSS AND TOLBOOTHS, 1988, p31; G Pride, THE KINGDOM OF FIFE, AN ILLUSTRATED ARCHITECTURAL GUIDE, 1990, p28; The National Trust for Scotland, CULROSS, 1999, p19; National Monuments Record of Scotland (NMRS).

About Listed Buildings

Listing is the way that a building or structure of special architectural or historic interest is recognised by law through the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings of special architectural or historic interest using the criteria published in the Historic Environment Scotland Policy Statement.

The statutory listing address is the legal part of the listing. The information in the listed building record gives an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building(s). It is not a definitive historical account or a complete description of the building(s). The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

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