Listed Building

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site only. All other information in the record is not statutory.

CHURCH WYND, GRAVEYARDS INCLUDING BOUNDARY WALLSLB22350

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Category
A
Date Added
25/11/1980
Supplementary Information Updated
31/03/2004
Local Authority
Falkirk
Planning Authority
Falkirk
Burgh
Bo'Ness
NGR
NS 99689 81488
Coordinates
299689, 681488

Description

Late 17th century and later. Stepped ashlar-coped rubble enclosing walls to E (Upper) and W (Lower) of Church Wynd. Many finely carved 17th and 18th century headstones, some re-used in 19th century, and mural monuments.

Pair of tall corniced, square-section monuments at entrance with carved friezes and formerly with swagged urn finials, that to W erected 1796 by James Tod to the memory of his parents, that to E commemorating 'Eustatia Harriet Shairp Eldest Daughter of William Shairp Esq Collector of Customs At This Port Who died 15 May 1828 Aged Sixteen Years'.

Mural monuments to E wall (some badly eroded) include 1743 aediculed stone with Doric pilasters bearing relief carved arrow, scythe and spade flanking eroded panel with 'RENEWED 1874' over relief with 'MEMENTO MORI' and skull and bone, all surmounted by swan-neck pediment broken by angel's head. Further aediculed monument with barley-twist columns, frieze flanked by angel heads and segmental pediment bearing cartouche surmounted by 'Greenman', later inscription to Andrew Milne 1817 and Mary Learmonth 1832. Monument with segmental pediment dated 1722 with skull and crossed bones to left and angel to right over barley-twist columned aedicule, now with inscription 'This is the Burying Ground of John Burnett Lockmaker Bo'ness'

Gravestones predominantly of 17th and 18th century with many fine relief carvings of sailing ships, mariners instruments, emblems of mortality, various other trades emblems and later inscriptions, including headstone with tri-lobed top dated 1687 and carved with relief of 2 floating angels holding crown over figure climbing out of coffin (E) and angel of the Resurrection holding book and trumpet and trampling on skull and hourglass (W), inscription to Peter Steven and Isobel Maltman. Later plain small granite stone 'Erected by The Sea Box Socy In Memory of Capt John Ritchie who was Boxmaster for Many Years Died 1783'. 1838 memorial to 'Capt James Mackay Treasurer of the Friendly Society of Borrowstouness' with relief carved sailing ship, sextant and anchor

Statement of Special Interest

The graveyards flanking Church Wynd originally formed the burying ground of the former Bo'ness Old Kirk. The shore road often flooded at 'Corbie's Point', so Church Wynd was built during the 18th century at the Duke of Hamilton's request. The subsequent division of the burying ground led to the custom for people from Bo'ness to be buried in the Lower (W) ground and those from the Kinneil Estate in the Upper (E) ground. Owing to the parish church at Kinneil being some distance from the expanding seaport of Ness, a church was built at Corbiehall in 1634. The congregations were served by the minister from Kinneil until 1649 when Bo'ness was erected into a full charge. In 1669 an Act was passed declaring the church to be the 'Kirk of the Barony of Kinneil and Borrowstouness'. This Act suppressed the church of Kinneil and its parish and tiends were transferred to Bo'ness. The Duke of Hamilton added an aisle in 1672, the church was rebuilt in 1775 and again in 1820. Sold to the Episcopal Church in 1887, and subsequently to a private company, the building was converted to the Star Cinema by Matthew Steele in 1915, with the addition of an early Modern Movement façade. By 1964 the building was in use as a bingo hall, and was sold for conversion to a store and private dwelling during the 1990s.

Category changed from B to A, 31 March 2004.

References

Bibliography

Gifford and Walker STIRLING AND CENTRAL SCOTLAND (2002), pp251-52. C Martin REMINISCENCES OF BO'NESS (1981). R Jacques FALKIRK AND DISTRICT (2001), p143. Ed P Caddell THIRD STATISTICAL ACCOUNT (1992), p75.

About Listed Buildings

Listing is the way that a building or structure of special architectural or historic interest is recognised by law through the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings of special architectural or historic interest using the criteria published in the Historic Environment Scotland Policy Statement.

The statutory listing address is the legal part of the listing. The information in the listed building record gives an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building(s). It is not a definitive historical account or a complete description of the building(s). The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

Listing covers both the exterior and the interior. Listing can cover structures not mentioned which are part of the curtilage of the building, such as boundary walls, gates, gatepiers, ancillary buildings etc. The planning authority is responsible for advising on what is covered by the listing including the curtilage of a listed building. For information about curtilage see www.historicenvironment.scot. Since 1 October 2015 we have been able to exclude items from a listing. If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the Historic Environment Scotland Act 2014. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect current legislation.

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Printed: 20/11/2018 20:16