Listed Building

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site only. All other information in the record is not statutory.

NEWTON STREET, NEWTON CASTLELB22314

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Category
A
Date Added
05/10/1971
Local Authority
Perth And Kinross
Planning Authority
Perth And Kinross
Burgh
Blairgowrie And Rattray
NGR
NO 17169 45273
Coordinates
317169, 745273

Description

Mid 16th century; 3-storey and attic, Z-plan house with vaulted circular W tower and square E tower; minor 18th century alterations and additions; 1883 wing to NW, possibly by Lake Falconer; dormer windows possibly c1820; E doorpiece and screen wall, G F M Ogilvy, 1920s. Interior detail c1700 and late 18th century. Whitewashed harl with stone margins. Pedimented and moulded red sandstone doorpiece; pedimented dormerheads; corbels; crowstepped gables and dormerheads.

NE (ENTRANCE) ELEVATION: 4-bay elevation with tall 3-storey and attic block to left of centre incorporating door with coat of arms to pediment at ground right, 2 windows to each floor above and small attic window to right; square stairtower projecting at outer left with gunloop openings and small stair turret corbelled out over 2nd floor, with relief-carved human face to lowest corbel, in re-entrant angle to right. 1883 wing to right with window to centre and smaller window to right at ground, regular fenestration to each floor above, 2nd floor windows breaking eaves into pedimented dormerheads. Further low extension to outer right.

SE (ORIGINAL ENTRANCE) ELEVATION: advanced stair tower to right with 3 vertically-aligned small windows to centre, door in re-entrant angle to left (see Notes) with splayed gunloop immediately to right and further small window abutting eaves. Set-back, 2-bay face to left with asymmetrical fenestration, additional tiny window to right at 2nd floor and 2 pedimented dormers rising from wallhead.

SW ELEVATION: gabled bay to right of centre with 3 tiny gunloop openings to left; round tower projecting at left with 3 vertically-aligned windows, that to 1st floor with red sandstone quoins and that to 2nd floor with semicircular stone cill and corbelled to set-back square face above with wallhead dormer (not crowstepped) dated '18' '20?', 3 further windows to 1st, 2nd floor and attic on return to right.

NW (REAR) ELEVATION: asymmetrically-fenestrated altered elevation with variety of elements including single storey wing projecting from circular tower at right, cobbled setts to courtyard formed by low 2-storey extension at left and door to left ground of largely blank gabled centre bay.

Multi-pane glazing patterns in timber sash and case windows. Grey slates. Coped harled stacks with thackstanes and some cans.

INTERIOR: fine decorative scheme in place including 1st floor drawing room with c1700 pine panelling, moulded corniced fire surround with panelled overmantel and flanking Ionic pilasters, little drawing room (in round tower) with similar panelling and moulded fire surround. Spiral stone staircases and small private stair in thickness of wall leading from drawing room to bedrooms. Main bedroom (over dining room) with curved doors; 2nd floor with 3 interconnecting bedrooms. Passage through 8" thick wall to vaulted ground floor chamber of circular tower with stone-flagged floor. Library (to later N wing) with carved timber fire surround and panelled dado.

Statement of Special Interest

Macgibbon and Ross' sketch of Newton Castle shows the SE elevation with its original door to ground right of the main block, and only a small horizontal opening, presumably the gunloop/vizzying hole to the left return of the stair tower. Walls on the ground floor vary from 3' to 8' thick. The fine panelled drawing rooms were installed after a fire in the late 17th century. The kitchen, now situated within the 19th century wing, was originally located on the ground floor of the square tower, now used as hall and dining room. There are no known cellars below ground level but in 1911 some family members dug away ground beside the round tower and uncovered an opening leading to a lower room which they thought was filled with earth and stones. The castle is understood to have belonged originally to Scone Abbey, and to have been inhabited by lay brothers. Recorded history begins c1550 when George Drummond purchased the lands of 'Newton of Blair'; another George Drummond, six times Lord Provost of Edinburgh, was born here in 1687. The Grahams of Balgowan were the next family to live at the castle, and in 1748 Thomas Graham, one of Wellington's generals, became Lord Lynedoch. Colonel Allan Macpherson purchased the estate in 1787-88 and it has remained in the family ever since. Interior timber fittings and floors are said to have been burned by both Montrose and Cromwell. During the latter invasion some of those defending the house are thought to have taken refuge in a 'subterranean vault', possibly the room discovered in 1911 which may also have belonged to an earlier structure. The steading is now listed separately.

References

Bibliography

Sir William Macpherson NEWTON CASTLE (1987). OLD STATISTICAL ACCOUNT Vol XVII, p206. NEW STATISTICAL ACOUNT Vol X (1843), p915. Macgibbon and Ross CASTELLATED AND DOMESTIC ARCHITECTURE Vol II (1887), pp293-4. PLANS dated '1883 Newton Pl Blargowrie'.

About Listed Buildings

Listing is the way that a building or structure of special architectural or historic interest is recognised by law through the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings of special architectural or historic interest using the criteria published in the Historic Environment Scotland Policy Statement.

The statutory listing address is the legal part of the listing. The information in the listed building record gives an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building(s). It is not a definitive historical account or a complete description of the building(s). The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

Listing covers both the exterior and the interior. Listing can cover structures not mentioned which are part of the curtilage of the building, such as boundary walls, gates, gatepiers, ancillary buildings etc. The planning authority is responsible for advising on what is covered by the listing including the curtilage of a listed building. For information about curtilage see www.historicenvironment.scot. Since 1 October 2015 we have been able to exclude items from a listing. If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the Historic Environment Scotland Act 2014. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect current legislation.

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Printed: 18/11/2018 14:21