Listed Building

The only legal part of the listing is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing – see ‘About Listed Buildings’ below for more information.

JARVEY STREET, HIGH CHURCH OF SCOTLAND WITH GRAVEYARD, BOUNDARY WALLS, RAILINGS AND GATEPIERSLB22129

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Category
B
Date Added
12/02/1996
Local Authority
West Lothian
Planning Authority
West Lothian
Burgh
Bathgate
NGR
NS 97555 69115
Coordinates
297555, 669115

Description

Wardrop and Reid, 1882-1884. Romanesque church with gothic pinnacles and entrance tower. Squared and snecked sandstone with ashlar dressings. Base course, battered buttresses, cill course, impost blocks and plain hoodmoulds; moulded arrises.

ENTRANCE TOWER: 3 stage buttressed tower engaged at W end of SW elevation. Round-arched door with nookshafts and cushion capitals

at head of short flight of steps to SW; window at ground to NW; windows to lower level of 2nd stage with cill course; 3rd stage (bell chamber) slightly recessed, each face with louvred round-arched bipartite, nookshafted window with Roman numeral clock face above; crenellated parapet with crocketed corner pinnacles.

SW ELEVATION: 6-bay with tower to left. 4 bays at centre to nave with 2 bays to outer right (implying transept) under pinnacle-flanked gable with round-arched door between windows and small round-arched window in gablehead.

SE (APSE) ELEVATION: 5 light bowed apse at centre with round-arched lights, nookshafted, flanked by tall single windows.

NE ELEVATION: single storey session house and hall clustered together and adjoined to centre of nave elevation, flanked behind by gabled outer bays with gablehead windows, cross finials and crocketed pinnacles flanking. Deep bowed end elevation to session house/hall,

echoing apse, with round-arched windows, gabled porch to NE with round-arched door, canted projection to NW with piended roof.

Square-lead-paned windows with border glazing, stained glass to apse: secondary protective external glazing. Grey slates.

INTERIOR: tripartite round-arched narthex entrance screen. Rendered interior, brightly painted with U-plan gallery on columns with decorative timber brackets and timber gallery of panelled and arcaded form. Coombed ceiling with hammer braces to compartmentalised soffit

around coved, top lit centrepiece. Rib-vaulted roof to apse with moulded corbels and pointed arches. Original pews. Marble steps to encaustic tile mosaic floor of semi-octagonal apse; cushion-capitalled nookshafts flanking round-arch to apse. Octagonal timber pulpit with

gothic panels and steps. Font of marble, cluster column shaft supporting Gothic panelled basin. Organ with filigreed timber case, in gallery, Bishop.

GRAVEYARD MONUMENTS: dating from circa 1740 and earlier church on site. Many scroll-headed gravestones, later classical stones including obelisks and classical wall monuments, such as that to Rev Walter Jardine, 1811.

BOUNDARY WALLS, GATEPIERS AND RAILINGS: squared sandstone rubble walls with saddleback ashlar coping, mounted by railings with piers dividing at intervals; terrace wall with rounded coping to graveyard. Ashlar gatepiers with panelled upper shafts and pyramidal caps to SW; octagonal gatepiers with dome capped shafts and undulating ornament; 2 pairs of 2-leaf gates. Round-arched ashlar gateway to W.

Statement of Special Interest

Brownlee reports that the church cost little over ?8,000. The congregation moved from the old church (1737) in 1882 to worship in the neighbouring corn exchange for the duration of the erection of the new church.

References

Bibliography

Archibald Brownlee BATHGATE HIGH CHURCH (1984). C McWilliam LOTHIAN (1978), p95-6. Richard Jaques and Charles McKean WEST LOTHIAN AN ILLUSTRATED ARCHITECTURAL GUIDE (Edinburgh 1994) p 62.

About Listed Buildings

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating sites and places at the national level. These designations are Scheduled monuments, Listed buildings, Inventory of gardens and designed landscapes and Inventory of historic battlefields.

We make recommendations to the Scottish Government about historic marine protected areas, and the Scottish Ministers decide whether to designate.

Listing is the process that identifies, designates and provides statutory protection for buildings of special architectural or historic interest as set out in the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings which are found to be of special architectural or historic interest using the selection guidance published in Designation Policy and Selection Guidance (2019)

Listed building records provide an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building which has been identified by its statutory address. The description and additional information provided are supplementary and have no legal weight.

These records are not definitive historical accounts or a complete description of the building(s). If part of a building is not described it does not mean it is not listed. The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site which is known as the statutory address. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing. Even if a number or name is missing from a listing address it will still be listed. Listing covers both the exterior and the interior and any object or structure fixed to the building. Listing also applies to buildings or structures not physically attached but which are part of the curtilage (or land) of the listed building as long as they were erected before 1 July 1948.

While Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating listed buildings, the planning authority is responsible for determining what is covered by the listing, including what is listed through curtilage. However, for listed buildings designated or for listings amended from 1 October 2015, legal exclusions to the listing may apply.

If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the 1997 Act. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect subsequent legislation.

Listed building consent is required for changes to a listed building which affect its character as a building of special architectural or historic interest. The relevant planning authority is the point of contact for applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at www.historicenvironment.scot/advice-and-support. You can contact us on 0131 668 8914 or at designations@hes.scot.

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Printed: 22/05/2019 07:54