Listed Building

The only legal part of the listing is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing – see ‘About Listed Buildings’ below for more information.

FULLARTON STREET, HOLY TRINITY CHURCH (SCOTTISH EPISCOPAL) INCLUDING CHURCH HALL, GATEPIERS, GATES, RAILINGS AND BOUNDARY WALLLB21586

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Category
A
Date Added
05/02/1971
Local Authority
South Ayrshire
Planning Authority
South Ayrshire
Burgh
Ayr
NGR
NS 33626 21762
Coordinates
233626, 621762

Description

John Loughborough Pearson, 1888, completed by Frank Pearson, 1898-1900. 2-bay Early English Gothic church with 3-stage square-plan tower to left (completed Roger Pinckney, 1964). Coursed, squared sandstone. Buttresses divide bays. Cill course; lancet-arched openings.

SE (ENTRANCE) ELEVATION: lower 2-stages of tower to left original, 3rd stage 1964 (see Notes); 5 alternate blind and lancet openings at 2nd stage arcade; 3 arched louvred openings at 3rd stage; corbelling work above; castellated parapet; pyramidal roof; cross finial at apex. Buttress divides paired arched entrance; central trumeau columns form 2 arches; glazed entrance doors; roundels to spandrels (narrow arrowslit opening to left); three openings above; cross finial to gablehead. Single opening to gabled bay to outer right; cross finial to gablehead; octagonal turret to buttress.

NE (REAR) ELEVATION: 3-bay. Tracery window to St John's Chapel to outer left; rose window to S aisle gable aligned above; 2 stages of 3 openings to sanctuary; moulded roundels flank taller central window at upper stage; arrowslit opening to gablehead; cross finial to gablehead. 2 single openings to lower height section to right; stack to blank gablehead of N aisle aligned above.

SE (SIDE) ELEVATION: 4 lancet openings to S aisle (bay to outer left blank); hoodmoulds to openings. 3-bay section to lower St John's Chapel; hoodmoulded entrance to outer left, timber door; pair of bipartite openings to bay to left and central bay. 3 traceried openings above to sanctuary.

Stained glass and leaded windows. Grey slate roof; red ridge tiles; stone skews; wallhead stack; circular can.

INTERIOR: stone arched clustered column arcade to nave, moulded haunch and annulet sections; timber pews. Baptistry to SW corner; stone font by C Pilkington Jackson; bell on stand (see Notes). Organ to NW corner, pendants to pipes; door leads to robing-rooms. Carved stone pulpit depicting Christ and the apostles. Wrought-iron rood screen to choir; poppyhead finials to timber pews. Sanctuary: gilded and painted timber triptych reredos above High Altar by Frank Pearson (son of the architect); pedimented aumbry to left; sedilia and stone piscina to right. St John's Chapel to NE corner; originally known as the Lady Chapel; wrought-iron screen; carpet a Wilton copy of the 16th century Ardabil Persian Carpet (original at Victoria and Albert Museum, London). Stained glass includes work by Clayton & Bell.

CHURCH HALL: 1860 (formerly church school). Single storey, 10-bay church hall. Rubble. 3 entrances to SE elevation to 1st, 6th and 9th bays; windows to 7th and 8th bays break eaves to form dormers. Timber windows; grey slate roof; stone skews; rooflights; gablehead stacks; circular cans.

GATEPIERS, GATES, RAILINGS AND BOUNDARY WALL: iron gatepiers to church entrance; stone gatepier to church hall entrance; iron railings atop boundary wall to entrance elevation; coped harled wall to NE elevation; brick wall to NW elevation.

Statement of Special Interest

Ecclesiastical building in use as such (Scottish Episcopal). The church opened for worship in 1900, and was consecrated in 1908, replacing the previous Fullarton Street Church of 1839. The architect of Holy Trinity, John Loughborough Pearson, also designed Truro and Brisbane Cathedrals, with the Fullarton Street church being of special interest as the only near-complete example of his work in Scotland. The bell on display, approximately 15 inches in diameter, is inscribed, "Michael o Bvrgerhvys o Me o Fecit o 16Z5." The bell was cast at Middelburg in Holland in 1625 to the order of Rev. John Fergusson, who was minister of the parish of Barnweil, then an Episcopal Church. It was presented to the present church by Major General Neill in 1857, and hung in a wooden belfry (now removed). The church's proposed 92ft tower and spire, replaced by a truncated tower in precast concrete by Roger Pinckney in 1964.

References

Bibliography

Plans held at church; Ordnance Survey map, 1896 (earlier Trinity Chapel, Episcopal evident), Ordnance Survey map, 1909 (evident); FH Groome ORDNANCE GAZETTEER OF SCOTLAND, Vol 1 (1882), p99; AYR ADVERTISER 16.2.1888 and 8.11.1900 (information courtesy of Robert Close); Ranald Clouston "The Church Bells of Ayrshire" in AYRSHIRE ARCHAEOLOGICAL AND NATURAL HISTORY COLLECTIONS, Vol 1 (1947-49), pp207-8; THE THIRD STATISTICAL ACCOUNT OF SCOTLAND: AYRSHIRE (1951), p559; Anthony Quiney JOHN LOUGHBOROUGH PEARSON (1979), pp168, 288; Rob Close AYRSHIRE AND ARRAN (1992), p10; Dane Love PICTORIAL HISTORY OF AYR (1995), pp15-16; M Glendinning, R MacInnes and A MacKechnie A HISTORY OF SCOTTISH ARCHITECTURE (1996), p588; NMRS Photographic Archive (A5553).

About Listed Buildings

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating sites and places at the national level. These designations are Scheduled monuments, Listed buildings, Inventory of gardens and designed landscapes and Inventory of historic battlefields.

We make recommendations to the Scottish Government about historic marine protected areas, and the Scottish Ministers decide whether to designate.

Listing is the process that identifies, designates and provides statutory protection for buildings of special architectural or historic interest as set out in the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings which are found to be of special architectural or historic interest using the selection guidance published in Designation Policy and Selection Guidance (2019)

Listed building records provide an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building which has been identified by its statutory address. The description and additional information provided are supplementary and have no legal weight.

These records are not definitive historical accounts or a complete description of the building(s). If part of a building is not described it does not mean it is not listed. The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site which is known as the statutory address. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing. Even if a number or name is missing from a listing address it will still be listed. Listing covers both the exterior and the interior and any object or structure fixed to the building. Listing also applies to buildings or structures not physically attached but which are part of the curtilage (or land) of the listed building as long as they were erected before 1 July 1948.

While Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating listed buildings, the planning authority is responsible for determining what is covered by the listing, including what is listed through curtilage. However, for listed buildings designated or for listings amended from 1 October 2015, legal exclusions to the listing may apply.

If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the 1997 Act. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect subsequent legislation.

Listed building consent is required for changes to a listed building which affect its character as a building of special architectural or historic interest. The relevant planning authority is the point of contact for applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at www.historicenvironment.scot/advice-and-support. You can contact us on 0131 668 8914 or at designations@hes.scot.

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