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Listed Building

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site only. All other information in the record is not statutory.

ALLOWAY, BURNS COTTAGE INCLUDING BOUNDARY WALLLB21476

Status: Designated

Documents

There are no additional online documents for this record.

Summary

Information

  • Category: A
  • Date Added: 05/02/1971

Location

  • Local Authority: South Ayrshire
  • Planning Authority: South Ayrshire
  • Burgh: Ayr

National Grid Reference

  • NGR: NS 33474 18591
  • Coordinates: 233474, 618591

Description

1737, extended 1808, with later alterations. Single storey, 7-bay, near rectangular-plan (slightly curved) thatched cottage. Clay-bonded walls, harled and whitewashed.

SE (ENTRANCE, ALLOWAY) ELEVATION: square-headed timber entrances to 2nd, 5th and 6th bays; square-headed window openings to remaining bays with timber shutters, with exception of narrow opening to outer right.

NW (REAR) ELEVATION: 5-bay. Timber door to penultimate bay to left; flanking single arrowslit openings; single window to penultimate bay to right; small square opening to outer right.

SW (SIDE) ELEVATION: recessed timber entrance door to outer right of gabled elevation.

NE (SIDE) ELEVATION: narrow central slit opening to gabled elevation.

Timber sash and case windows; timber shutters to Alloway. Reed-roofing; deep coping; gablehead and ridge coped stacks.

INTERIOR: reconstruction of original uses. Barn to N, used for threshing and storage. Adjacent byre, used as living space for animals, cattle, pony and sometimes sheep and goats; also used by hens and cats which had free-run of cottage. Adjacent North Room - some doubt concerning the use of this room - probably small byre, converted to combined store/milkhouse with additional sleeping space after William Burnes extended cottage. Kitchen stands to S; parts of boxbed and perhaps dresser shelves and doors, original. Stone floors and fireplaces.

BOUNDARY WALL: stone walling to NW of cottage.

Statement of Special Interest

The birthplace of Robert Burns (1759-1796), Ayrshire's foremost poet and satirist. The S section of the cottage, the kitchen and a small byre were built by William Burnes before his marriage, and the present byre and barn after this occasion. Subsequently an alehouse, the building remained so until 1880 when it was acquired and restored by the Burns Monument Trustees. Copies of prints held at the NMRS show the cottage prior to its 1808 extension.

References

Bibliography

J Thomson's ATLAS OF SCOTLAND: AYRSHIRE, 1828 (evident); THE NEW STATISTICAL ACCOUNT OF SCOTLAND (1845), p29; FH Groome ORDNANCE GAZETTEER OF SCOTLAND, Vol 1 (1892), p44; THE THIRD STATISTICAL ACCOUNT OF SCOTLAND: AYRSHIRE (1951), p534; JR Hume VERNACULAR BUILDING IN AYRSHIRE: AN INTRODUCTION (Ayrshire Monograph, 1988), p6; John Strawhorn and Ken Andrew DISCOVERING AYRSHIRE (1988), p108; Rob Close AYRSHIRE AND ARRAN (1992), p155; NMRS Photographic Archive.

About Designations

Listed Buildings

Listing is the way that a building or structure of special architectural or historic interest is recognised by law through the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings of special architectural or historic interest using the criteria published in the Historic Environment Scotland Policy Statement.

The statutory listing address is the legal part of the listing. The information in the listed building record gives an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building(s). It is not a definitive historical account or a complete description of the building(s). The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

Listing covers both the exterior and the interior. Listing can cover structures not mentioned which are part of the curtilage of the building, such as boundary walls, gates, gatepiers, ancillary buildings etc. The planning authority is responsible for advising on what is covered by the listing including the curtilage of a listed building. For information about curtilage see www.historicenvironment.scot. Since 1 October 2015 we have been able to exclude items from a listing. If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the Historic Environment Scotland Act 2014. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect current legislation.

If you want to alter, extend or demolish a listed building you need to contact your planning authority to see if you need listed building consent. The planning authority is the main point of contact for all applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at www.historicenvironment.scot. You can contact us on 0131 668 8716 or at designations@hes.scot.

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Printed: 25/09/2016 09:51