Listed Building

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site only. All other information in the record is not statutory.

DENS ROAD, BALTIC WORKS (FORMER ARBROATH WAREHOUSE LIMITED BOND NUMBER 1)LB21141

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Category
A
Date Added
11/10/1971
Supplementary Information Updated
02/10/2003
Local Authority
Angus
Planning Authority
Angus
Burgh
Arbroath
NGR
NO 63947 41474
Coordinates
363947, 741474

Description

1852 power loom linen weaving factory, ashlar and squared rubble-built. Slate roofs, Windows multi-paned sash and case, mostly now blocked.

1. 4-storey 13-bay triple-pedimented Palladian frontage, pedimented sections slightly advanced and defined by quoins. 3-bay gables with die finials (one missing). Central arched entrance. Rear very plain and with few windows. Ground floor weaving shed adjoined to E (demolished 1998).

Interior fireproof iron frame of two rows of columns carrying cast iron beams and brick arched ceilings. Wrought iron roof. Two ashlar stairs with iron handrails at top.

2. Long 2-storey wing with end gable stack, served as lodge, office mechanics shop and preparing depts, with boiler house and drying room nearest river. This has a tall square chimney with Doric base supporting a circular brick shaft. Top cornice missing.

3. Beam Engine house, large 4-part window in W gable with die finial. N elevation adjoined weaving shed. Interior part cast iron grid mezzanine at level of beam of beam engine, ceiling hook for hoisting beam, cast iron stair.

4. Wall to River Brothock pierced at regular intervals by cast iron brackets and surrounds for line shaft bevel gearing. Weaving shed kingpost roofs removed 1998.

Statement of Special Interest

Andrew Lowson (1813-1897 a "striking and loveable person") was by 1864 easily the most important manufacturer in Arbroath, having twice the horse power at his disposal and twice as many employees as the nearest competitor. Following Lowson's death, and injudicious overseas investments by his sons, all eight of his mills were put up for sale. In 1905 only one of the six mills was at work, and in 1948 the firm wound up.

Thereafter Baltic Works had a new lease of life as a whisky bond that ceased c.1990.

In Angus the surviving fireproof mills are (2003) one in Brechin (East Mill, 1837), and three in Arbroath, (Baltic, 1852, and Alma Works 1857, and Brothock Mill/ Arbroath Herald, later part built c1890). The form of roof and advanced quoined bays suggest familiarity with the Alexander Thread Mill, Duke Street Glasgow, by the architect Charles Wilson (1849) and Tay Works and Edward Street Mill, Dundee (both 1851).

Upgraded B to A, October 2003.

References

Bibliography

WHK Turner, The Textile Industry of Arbroath since the Early 18th century, Abertay Historical Society, (1954)

AJ Warden, The Linen Trade Ancient and Modern (Dundee, 1864) Antony Slaven and Sydney Checkland, Eds, Dictionary of Scottish Business Biography 1860-1960 (Aberdeen, 1986) 367-369.

About Listed Buildings

Listing is the way that a building or structure of special architectural or historic interest is recognised by law through the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings of special architectural or historic interest using the criteria published in the Historic Environment Scotland Policy Statement.

The statutory listing address is the legal part of the listing. The information in the listed building record gives an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building(s). It is not a definitive historical account or a complete description of the building(s). The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

Listing covers both the exterior and the interior. Listing can cover structures not mentioned which are part of the curtilage of the building, such as boundary walls, gates, gatepiers, ancillary buildings etc. The planning authority is responsible for advising on what is covered by the listing including the curtilage of a listed building. For information about curtilage see www.historicenvironment.scot. Since 1 October 2015 we have been able to exclude items from a listing. If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the Historic Environment Scotland Act 2014. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect current legislation.

If you want to alter, extend or demolish a listed building you need to contact your planning authority to see if you need listed building consent. The planning authority is the main point of contact for all applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at www.historicenvironment.scot. You can contact us on 0131 668 8716 or at designations@hes.scot.

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Printed: 17/11/2018 21:31