Listed Building

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site only. All other information in the record is not statutory.

BROUGH FARMHOUSELB18804

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Category
B
Date Added
01/12/1999
Supplementary Information Updated
30/03/2001
Local Authority
Orkney Islands
Planning Authority
Orkney Islands
Parish
Westray
NGR
HY 44913 47440
Coordinates
344913, 1047440

Description

Late 18th/early 19th century. 2-storey; 3-bay; rectangular-plan house with crowstepped gables and symmetrical principal (SE) elevation. Coursed rubble, partially harled.

SE (PRINCIPAL) ELEVATION: central entrance with boarded timber door. Flanking windows to each floor and one above.

NW ELEVATION: window to each floor to left of centre. Small rubble addition and adjacent concrete block addition (probably for water tank) to outer left.

SW ELEVATION: window to each floor to right of gable end.

NE ELEVATION: single storey lean-to concrete addition to right of gable end.

12-pane timber sash and case windows (panes largely missing). Caithness slate roof. Gablehead stacks with band courses to either side (NE and SW); round cans.

INTERIOR: plan intact. Box bed in separate recess with panelled timber door to ground floor room to left of entrance. Plain timber fireplace surrounds; that in room to right of entrance (kitchen) with cast-iron range.

Statement of Special Interest

An intact superior quality farmhouse of late 18th/early 19th century date. It was the estate farm for Brough House (see separate list description) and was built at around the same time as the nearby house. The adjacent E-plan steading (see separate list description) dates from the later 19th century. The estate belonged to the Stewart family (Edward, the first laird, was an illegitimate son of Earl Robert Stewart of Orkney) from around the end of the 16th century until the middle of the 19th century (it was left to trustees by the 8th laird, James Stewart, in 1858). According to Fenton it belonged to the Traill family during the same period (the two families do appear to have been related however). In the early 1840's 'Mr Stewart of Brugh' was described as the head of one of only two families of independent fortune residing in the parish (then including Papa Westray, New Statistical Account). By 1880 it was certainly in the possession of the Traills of Holland (OS Name Book). It appears on the 1881 OS Map.

References

Bibliography

1st Edition County Series OS Map, 1/2500 (1881); THE NEW STATISTICAL ACCOUNT OF SCOTLAND (1845) pp123 & 127; Alexander Fenton, THE NORTHERN ISLES: ORKNEY AND SHETLAND (1978) pp96 & 145; Leslie Burgher, ORKNEY, AN ILLUSTRATED ARCHITECTURAL GUIDE (1991) p96; Jocelyn Rendall, PAPAY - A GUIDE TO PLACES OF INTEREST (2nd Edition, 1996) p24.

About Listed Buildings

Listing is the way that a building or structure of special architectural or historic interest is recognised by law through the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings of special architectural or historic interest using the criteria published in the Historic Environment Scotland Policy Statement.

The statutory listing address is the legal part of the listing. The information in the listed building record gives an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building(s). It is not a definitive historical account or a complete description of the building(s). The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

Listing covers both the exterior and the interior. Listing can cover structures not mentioned which are part of the curtilage of the building, such as boundary walls, gates, gatepiers, ancillary buildings etc. The planning authority is responsible for advising on what is covered by the listing including the curtilage of a listed building. For information about curtilage see www.historicenvironment.scot. Since 1 October 2015 we have been able to exclude items from a listing. If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the Historic Environment Scotland Act 2014. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect current legislation.

If you want to alter, extend or demolish a listed building you need to contact your planning authority to see if you need listed building consent. The planning authority is the main point of contact for all applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at www.historicenvironment.scot. You can contact us on 0131 668 8716 or at designations@hes.scot.

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Printed: 12/11/2018 19:51