Listed Building

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site only. All other information in the record is not statutory.

BROUGH HOUSE, INCLUDING BOUNDARY WALLLB18733

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Category
B
Date Added
08/12/1971
Local Authority
Orkney Islands
Planning Authority
Orkney Islands
Parish
Westray
NGR
HY 44855 47663
Coordinates
344855, 1047663

Description

Late 18th/early 19th century with slightly later addition to W. 2-storey and attic with single storey addition; rectangular-plan; laird's house with crowstepped gables and near-symmetrical principal (S) elevation. Coursed rubble, harled apart from to W side.

S (PRINCIPAL) ELEVATION: original 3-bay block to right. Central entrance with later gabled porch; window to front; entrance with panelled timber door to right return. Window above and flanking windows to ground and 1st floors. Smaller single storey 3-bay addition to left. Central entrance with boarded timber door and rectangular fanlight; flanking windows.

N ELEVATION: original block to left. 2 near-central windows to ground and 1st floors; one to right of ground floor. Larger window to left of 1st floor. Breaking-eaves dormer to nepus gable to right of centre. Single storey addition adjoins to right (concrete block tank projects at junction). Entrance with boarded timber door to right; 2 small windows to left.

E ELEVATION: 2 windows to 1st floor and attic; one to left of ground floor.

W ELEVATION: blank gable end of single storey addition. Attic window set back to left and right of gable end of main block.

12-pane timber sash and case windows (largely broken/panes missing). Caithness slate roof (partially missing). Gablehead stacks with band courses to either side of main block; one at head of nepus gable to N side of main block; round cans where in existence; T-can to nepus gable stack.

INTERIOR: stone flagged floor to kitchen to left of entrance in main block; cast-iron range in fireplace; timber fireplace surround. Dog-leg staircase with plain timber balustrade. Large semicircular-plan stone range in single storey addition probably for heating water for laundry.

BOUNDARY WALL: coursed rubble boundary wall with rubble coping encloses house on all sides, enclosing a larger area to N. Remains of some rubble/harled outbuildings built around small enclosed yard to N of single storey addition. Small square-plan walled garden at NE corner of enclosed area (walls same height as boundary wall).

Statement of Special Interest

A handsome traditional Scottish laird's house (the only one on the island); intact although in a derelict condition (2000). The estate belonged to the Stewart family (Edward, the first laird, was an illegitimate son of Earl Robert Stewart of Orkney) from around the end of the 16th century until the middle of the 19th century (it was left to trustees by the 8th laird, James Stewart, in 1858). According to Fenton it belonged to the Traill family during the same period (the two families do appear to have been related however). In the early 1840's 'Mr Stewart of Brugh' was described as the head of one of only two families of independent fortune residing in the parish (then including Papa Westray, New Statistical Account). By 1880 it was certainly in the possession of the Traills of Holland (OS Name Book), for whom the nearby steading (see separate list description) may have been built.

References

Bibliography

1st Edition County Series OS Map, 1/2500 (1881); THE NEW STATISTICAL ACCOUNT OF SCOTLAND (1845) p123; Alexander Fenton, THE NORTHERN ISLES: ORKNEY AND SHETLAND (1978) pp96 & 145; John Gifford, THE HIGHLANDS AND ISLANDS (in the 'Buildings of Scotland' series, 1992) p290; Leslie Bugher, ORKNEY, AN ILLUSTRATED ARCHITECTURAL GUIDE (1991) p96; Jocelyn Rendall, PAPAY - A GUIDE TO PLACES OF INTEREST (2nd Edition, 1996) p24.

About Listed Buildings

Listing is the way that a building or structure of special architectural or historic interest is recognised by law through the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings of special architectural or historic interest using the criteria published in the Historic Environment Scotland Policy Statement.

The statutory listing address is the legal part of the listing. The information in the listed building record gives an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building(s). It is not a definitive historical account or a complete description of the building(s). The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

Listing covers both the exterior and the interior. Listing can cover structures not mentioned which are part of the curtilage of the building, such as boundary walls, gates, gatepiers, ancillary buildings etc. The planning authority is responsible for advising on what is covered by the listing including the curtilage of a listed building. For information about curtilage see www.historicenvironment.scot. Since 1 October 2015 we have been able to exclude items from a listing. If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the Historic Environment Scotland Act 2014. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect current legislation.

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Printed: 21/11/2018 03:34