Listed Building

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site only. All other information in the record is not statutory.

City Chambers, 245-249 High Street (even numbers), 253 High Street, 323 High Street, 329 High Street, 2 Warriston's Close and 14 Cockburn Street, EdinburghLB17597

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Category
A
Group Category Details
100000019 - See Notes
Date Added
14/12/1970
Last Date Amended
09/11/2018
Local Authority
Edinburgh
Planning Authority
Edinburgh
Burgh
Edinburgh
NGR
NT 25763 73668
Coordinates
325763, 673668

Description

John Adam and John Fergus, 1754-61, with later alterations and additions including Robert Morham, 1898-1904 and Ebenezer J MacRae, 1930-4. Four storey (ten storeys to rear) U-plan council building with open arcaded screen to High Street flanked by 13-bay wings. Craigleith stone ashlar, channelled to ground to principal elevations (except right wing to High street). Dividing band between ground and first floors; cill band to first and second floors; eaves cornice and blocking course. Gibbs surrounds to first floor windows; corniced architraves to second.

South elevation to courtyard: seven-bay arcaded loggia to ground floor with balustraded parapet. Three bays to centre slightly advanced; urn finials to pedimented tetrastyle centrepiece with fluted Corinthian columns; foliate sculpture and City arms to tympanum.

East and west elevations to courtyard: Nine bays. Tripartite openings with fanlights to ground floor (see Notes).

North (rear) elevation: advanced two-bay sections to left and centre; regularly fenestrated. Projecting wing to right (Robert Morham, 1901-4) with Edwardian Baroque detailing including oeuil-de-boeuf windows, pedimented aedicule, sculpture group and balustraded parapet to upper storeys.

Arcaded screen to High Street: flat-roofed groin-vaulted seven-arched ashlar screen, channelled to High Street elevation, with urn-topped balustraded parapet. Armorial pediment with sculpture group and date (1903). War memorial beneath centre arch.

South elevation to High Street: 13-bay elevations to right and left (outer ten bays by EJ MacRae, 1930-4). Advanced piend-roofed three-bay outer pavilions, those to left with fanlights over tripartite openings to centre at ground floor; those to left with consoled segmental pediments to doors, consoled triangular pediment to door to centre.

Interior: timber-panelled lobby and stair hall (largely re-fitted 1936-8); scale and platt stair with turned balusters and moulded handrail. Old Council Room (formerly Board Room of Customs House): Corinthian-columned screen (former ante-chamber); timber- panelled walls with dentilled cornice and coved ceiling; doorways with carved friezes and broken pediments; three niches, that to centre with bronze statue in Roman armour (see Notes); black marble chimneypiece with consoled, carved timber surround and pedimented overmantle with clock and painting (Edinburgh Castle, 1886). first floor committee-room New Council Room (Robert Morham, 1901-4): timber-panelled rectangular-plan room with Ionic pilasters and ends screened by Ionic columns; coffered dome with rosettes and stained glass cupola; timber balustraded public gallery and armorial chimneypiece. Dining Room: paired fluted Ionic pilasters and wall paintings of historical scenes by William Hole (1903-9).

Predominantly plate glass in timber sash and case windows. Corniced ashlar stacks with circular cans. Cast iron down pipes with decorative hoppers. Grey slates.

Statement of Special Interest

Part of an A Group with Nos. 2-11 Parliament Square, Advocates Library, Signet Library, Parliament Hall, 1 Parliament Square, St Giles High Kirk, Charles II Statue, Lothian Chambers, City Chambers, Alexander and Bucephalus Statue, Queensberry Memorial and Market Cross.

The first executed part of the great civic improvement scheme initiated by Lord Provost George Drummond; some ruinous tenements were cleared, and the foundation stone was laid by Drummond on 13th September 1753. The site included four Closes - Mary King s, Stewart s, Pearson s and Allan s. Mary King s Close was partly overlaid in 1753-61, and further by the northwest extension in 1901, but 17th and early 18th century sections of the Close survive under the building.

Competitive plans and estimates were obtained from John Adam and the Gentlemen of St Mary s Chapel - overseen by John Fergus. In 1754 the building contract was awarded to the latter, and Adam s design was amended by Fergus. The building was to comprise a Merchants Exchange, Customs House, dwelling houses, shops and coffee houses. An older building used by the Writers to the Signet had to be incorporated into the northwest corner. It was remodelled and re-faced in 1898-9. The present screen, re-built in 1900-1 by Robert Morham, replaces the original, which had a central entrance arch flanked by three arches containing small shops; the screen was re-faced in 1980-1 and the urns renewed by Dick Reid.

In 1810-11, after the expiry of the lease of the Customs House and the demolition of the Tolbooth, the Council decided to occupy those parts of the building which they then owned; the remaining properties were reacquired between 1849 and 1893.

Significant alterations were carried out by David Cousin in the 1850 s, by Robert Morham after 1875, in 1898-9 and in 1901-4. The east and west wings to High street (which involved the demolition of flanking tenements) were built by Ebenezer MacRae in the 1930 s.

Armorial stained glass in the northwest rooms by Margaret Chilton and Marjorie Kemp (1932). Timothy Clifford suggests a French origin for the bronze sculpture in the Old Council Room (Pearson, p.14). The statue of Alexander and Bucephalus (Sir John Steell, modelled 1832 and cast 1883) in the courtyard is listed separately (see LB27855).

Statutory address revised in 2018. Previously listed as '253 High Street, 2 Warriston s Close and 14 Cockburn Street, City Chambers'.

References

Bibliography

Printed Sources

Shepherd, T.H. (1829) Modern Athens.

Gifford, J., McWilliam, C. and Walker, D. (1984) The Buildings of Scotland: Edinburgh. pp 176-8.

Fraser, A.G. (1989) The Building Of Old College.

Pearson, F (1991) Virtue and Vision: Sculpture and Scotland. p.14.

Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland (1951) An Inventory of the Ancient and Historical Monuments of the City of Edinburgh. Nos 22 and 23.

Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland (1996) Tolbooths and Townhouses. pp 86-7.

Youngson, A.J. (1966) The Making Of Classical Edinburgh. pp 52-9.

About Listed Buildings

Listing is the way that a building or structure of special architectural or historic interest is recognised by law through the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings of special architectural or historic interest using the criteria published in the Historic Environment Scotland Policy Statement.

The statutory listing address is the legal part of the listing. The information in the listed building record gives an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building(s). It is not a definitive historical account or a complete description of the building(s). The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

Listing covers both the exterior and the interior. Listing can cover structures not mentioned which are part of the curtilage of the building, such as boundary walls, gates, gatepiers, ancillary buildings etc. The planning authority is responsible for advising on what is covered by the listing including the curtilage of a listed building. For information about curtilage see www.historicenvironment.scot. Since 1 October 2015 we have been able to exclude items from a listing. If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the Historic Environment Scotland Act 2014. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect current legislation.

If you want to alter, extend or demolish a listed building you need to contact your planning authority to see if you need listed building consent. The planning authority is the main point of contact for all applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at www.historicenvironment.scot. You can contact us on 0131 668 8716 or at designations@hes.scot.

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Printed: 17/11/2018 21:31