Listed Building

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site only. All other information in the record is not statutory.

PORTPATRICK HARBOUR INCLUDING OUTER AND INNER HARBOUR WITH LIFTING CRANE, LIFEBOAT SHED AND WAREHOUSE, SOUTH PIER, LIGHTHOUSE, LIGHTKEEPER'S COTTAGE AND OLD LIGHTHOUSE POTTERYLB16776

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Category
B
Date Added
17/12/1979
Last Date Amended
30/03/1998
Supplementary Information Updated
30/03/1998
Local Authority
Dumfries And Galloway
Planning Authority
Dumfries And Galloway
Parish
Portpatrick
NGR
NW 99890 53981
Coordinates
199890, 553981

Description

John Rennie's, 1820-36; Mr Hannay, 1865, inner harbour; original pier (mostly collapsed) John Smeaton, 1774. U-plan harbour with 1820 South pier; remains of original 1774 pier branching of South pier; natural skerry opposite with remains of unfinished N pier; 1865 inner basin to N and rear retaining wall to E.

OUTER HARBOUR: U-plan. Welsh limestone.

INNER HARBOUR: improved 1857-63, engineer Harray. Rectangular-plan behind stub of Rennie's unfinished N pier (see Notes). Ashlar. Rectangular-plan whinstone lifeboat house; whinstone warehouse; painted boat shed. LIFTING CRANE: Mid 20th century lifting crane, still in use. LIFEBOAT SHED: rectangular-plan whinstone lifeboat shed with brick dressings. Grey slate roof. WAREHOUSE: rectangular-plan whinstone warehouse with brick dressings. Grey slate roof.

S PIER: straight pier. With stone bollard at E end & similar bollard (largely encased in concrete) to W. Ruinous remains of original 1774 pier to N of lighthouse. Welsh limestone. LIGHTHOUSE: Round brick lighthouse of 1896. Deep plinth; steps to entrance; railings to light. LIGHTKEEPER'S COTTAGE AND OLD LIGHTHOUSE POTTERY: Whinstone to Old Lighthouse Pottery (substantial additions to original building); exterior stair; 12-pane replacement timber windows; grey slate roof. Painted whinstone to Lighthouse Cottage; grey slate roof.

Statement of Special Interest

Portpatrick, both as a seaport and as a town, owed nearly all its former importance to commanding the shortest communication route from Britain to Ireland. A weekly mail service between Portpatrick and Donaghadee in Ireland was established in 1662, and by 1677 there were two crossings a week. However, Portpatrick's first pier by John Smeaton described by Groome as, "... one of the finest in Britain" was not built until 1774. The harbour works by Rennie, cost ?500,000. Rennie's scheme was for a U-plan harbour with N and S piers, each with a lighthouse running out from the shore. The S pier was completed in 1836, but the need to deepen the harbour for steams ships, which had by then replaced sailing vessels on the Scotland-Ireland route, and to repair the S pier after a storm in 1839, pushed the cost of the full scheme to such a height that work on the incomplete N pier was abandoned. The railway from Stranraer to Portpatrick, with a branch line to the harbour, was opened in 1862. The remains of an arch from the railway can still be seen to the N of the harbour. Rennie's 46ft high lighthouse at the end of the S pier was removed to Sri Lanka in 1869 when the end of the pier started to break up. In 1874 it was decided that the port was unsafe, a Bill was passed relieving the Government of responsibility for its upkeep and the mail route was transferred to Stranraer.

References

Bibliography

F H Groome ORDNANCE GAZETTEER OF SCOTLAND VOL V (1882), p218; Photograph (Stranraer Library Gwa4/387, circa 1914); I Donnachie INDUSTRIAL ARCHAEOLOGY OF GALLOWAY (1971) pp26, 126, 149, 169, 180-185, 231, 239; J R Hume THE INDUSTRIAL ARCHAEOLOGY OF SCOTLAND VOL I THE LOWLANDS AND BORDERS (1976) p270; J Gifford DUMFRIES AND GALLOWAY (1996), pp491-2; J D Mackenzie and R R Cunningham OLD PORTPATRICK (1997), pp3, 6.

About Listed Buildings

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