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- Category: A
- Date Added: 20/07/1972
- Local Authority: Dumfries And Galloway
- Planning Authority: Dumfries And Galloway
- Parish: Stoneykirk
National Grid Reference
- NGR: NX 8014 48389
- Coordinates: 208014, 548389
PROPERTY IN CARE
Late 19th century. Rectangular-plan 12th century style gabled mausoluem-chapel, with lower chancel. Rubble; red sandstone dressings. Narrow arched lights.
W (ENTRANCE) ELEVATION: advanced gabled entrance porch; red sandstone to W; rubble to sides; deep base course; nook shaft; roll-moulded round arch; modern glass display and fanlight (see INTERIOR); cross to gablehead apex.
E (REAR) ELEVATION: single light to centre.
N (SIDE) ELEVATION: studded timber door to right; 2 lights to left.
S (SIDE) ELEVATION: studded timber door to left of nave, 2 lights to right; timber door to left of chancel; single light to right.
Leaded lights. Grey slate roof; red sandstone skews and skewputts.
INTERIOR: W gable contains a collection of stones, including 2 pillar stone from the 5th century AD (see NOTES) and some crudely carved stones from the 12th century.
GRAVEYARD, McTAGGART MEMORIAL, BOUNDARY WALLS, GATEPIERS AND GATES: predominantly 19th century headstone graves; several column memorials. Particularly notable is cross memorial on mound to S dedicated to John McTaggart esquire of Ardwell, 18/10/1810. Rubble boundary wall enclosing site. 2 pairs of rock-faced square-plan gatepiers with pyramidal caps to entrance drive; pair of iron gates to both entrance drive and graveyard.
Statement of Special Interest
PROPERTY IN CARE. Marked as ruinous on the 1850 Ordnance Survey map, the current church was built on an Early Christian site as a mausoleum-chapel by Lady McTaggart Stewart of Ardwell. The chapel was designed in a deliberate 12th century manner to reflect the antiquity of the site. The group of stones on display were discovered in the 19th century (the three oldest pillar stones were serving as gateposts and as a stile-slab in the churchyard wall) and recognised as the remains of an early Christian cemetery. Dating from the 5th to the 12th centuries AD, 3 of the stones are among the oldest Christian monuments in Scotland, only Whithorn has a stone of more ancient date. Other than the memorial stones, there is no trace of the early Christian church and cemetery, nor of the medieval parish church which succeeded it. Scheduled Ancient Monument No 90192.
Ordnance Survey map, 1850 (marked as ruinous); W McIlwraith THE VISITORS GUIDE TO WIGTOWNSHIRE (1875), p133; RCAHMCS INVENTORY FOR COUNTY OF WIGTOWN (1912), pp154-158; J Gifford DUMFRIES AND GALLOWAY (1996), p387.
Historic Environment Scotland Properties
Listing is the way that a building or structure of special architectural or historic interest is recognised by law through the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.
We list buildings of special architectural or historic interest using the criteria published in the Historic Environment Scotland Policy Statement.
The statutory listing address is the legal part of the listing. The information in the listed building record gives an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building(s). It is not a definitive historical account or a complete description of the building(s). The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.
Listing covers both the exterior and the interior. Listing can cover structures not mentioned which are part of the curtilage of the building, such as boundary walls, gates, gatepiers, ancillary buildings etc. The planning authority is responsible for advising on what is covered by the listing including the curtilage of a listed building. For information about curtilage see www.historicenvironment.scot. Since 1 October 2015 we have been able to exclude items from a listing. If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the Historic Environment Scotland Act 2014. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect current legislation.
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