Listed Building

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site only. All other information in the record is not statutory.

EASTWEMYSS, MACDUFF'S CASTLELB16707

Status: Removed

Documents

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Summary

Category
B
Date Added
11/12/1972
Date Removed:
11/06/2018
Local Authority
Fife
Planning Authority
Fife
Parish
Wemyss
NGR
NT 34399 97170
Coordinates
334399, 697170

Removal Reason

The designation of this structure as a listed building has been removed as part of the Dual Designation 2A project. It will continue to be recognised as being of national importance through its designation as a scheduled monument (SM817).

Description

16th century, surviving walls of rectangular-plan E tower (formerly 5-storey) with turnpike stair tower to NE angle; and ruins of late 14th century W tower (formerly 4-storey) with ruins of 16th and 17th century linking gatehouse range, within enclosure. Squared red sandstone and snecked rubble. String courses, gunloops and hoodmoulds to stair tower. Voussoired segmentally-arched openings and evidence of barrel vaults at ground floor. Outer courtyard wall to NW (landward) with wide-mouthed shot holes.

Statement of Special Interest

Property of Wemyss Estate Trustees. Scheduled Ancient Monument. The name 'Macduff's' derives from an 11th century association with the Thane of Fife, but nothing survives from that date. MacGibbon and Ross say that the building was also known as Kennoway Castle and Thanes Castle. East Wemyss village, including the castle, was purchased by Sir John Wemyss of West Wemyss in 1637 from Lord Colville of Culross, and in 1651 the lands of East and West Wemyss were united as one Barony of Wemyss. Fawcett says that MacDuff Castle "eventually had what were in essence two tower-houses, but there the towers were carefully linked into a unified composition by the gatehouse range that ran between them ... the appearance may have shown similarities with a 14th century courtyard castle of the type seen in St Andrews". The aforementioned gatehouse range was built by the Colvilles, with a great hall above which according to MacGibbon and Ross had "an open wooden roof, the marks of which are visible against the towers at each end", and later in the 16th century the outer courtyard wall with shot holes was added. The courtyard enclosed ranges of ancillary buildings, and a further lower courtyard on a seaward terrace. In 1666 the Countess of Sutherland (daughter of the 2nd Earl of Wemyss) sent her children here to escape the plague in Edinburgh.

References

Bibliography

RCAHMS Inventory FIFE 535. OSA. NSA. MacGibbon & Ross CASTELLATED AND DOMESTIC ARCHITECTURE OF SCOTLAND VOL IV (1887-1892). R Fawcett ARCHITECTURAL HISTORY OF SCOTLAND 1371-1560 (1994), p263. Fife Heritage Series CASTLES OF FIFE.

About Listed Buildings

Listing is the way that a building or structure of special architectural or historic interest is recognised by law through the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings of special architectural or historic interest using the criteria published in the Historic Environment Scotland Policy Statement.

The statutory listing address is the legal part of the listing. The information in the listed building record gives an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building(s). It is not a definitive historical account or a complete description of the building(s). The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

Listing covers both the exterior and the interior. Listing can cover structures not mentioned which are part of the curtilage of the building, such as boundary walls, gates, gatepiers, ancillary buildings etc. The planning authority is responsible for advising on what is covered by the listing including the curtilage of a listed building. For information about curtilage see www.historicenvironment.scot. Since 1 October 2015 we have been able to exclude items from a listing. If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the Historic Environment Scotland Act 2014. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect current legislation.

If you want to alter, extend or demolish a listed building you need to contact your planning authority to see if you need listed building consent. The planning authority is the main point of contact for all applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at www.historicenvironment.scot. You can contact us on 0131 668 8716 or at designations@hes.scot.

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Printed: 19/11/2018 17:36